NEW YORK - Companies are buying each other again.

This year was shaping up to be one of the biggest for mergers and acquisitions since 2007. Then, on Thursday, two more blockbuster deals were announced: A $11 billion merger between American Airlines and Tempe-based U.S. Airways (see story, Page A1), and a $23 billion takeover of ketchup maker H.J. Heinz Co. by a group including billionaire Warren Buffett.

Conditions seem ripe for more deals. Financing for them has rarely been cheaper with interest rates near record lows. And companies have plenty of cash for acquisitions - nearly $1 trillion for those in the Standard and Poor's 500 index.

Another reason to expect more buying: After years of cutting expenses and squeezing more work out of remaining employees, companies are struggling to build earnings. In the January-March quarter, they are expected to rise less than 1 percent compared with the year earlier, says FactSet, a financial-data provider.

Global merger activity has been tepid since 2007, when $4.6 trillion of deals were announced, according to financial data service Dealogic. Last year's total was $2.7 trillion.

So far this year, $219 billion worth of deals have been announced, compared with $85 billion over the same period in 2012.

These are the biggest recent moves, according to Dealogic:


Health-care company Abbott Laboratories spun off its pharmaceuticals arm to create a new company called AbbVie in January. AbbVie was listed on the New York stock exchange with a value of $56 billion.


Billionaire Warren Buffett and investment firm 3G Capital announced Thursday that they are buying the ketchup company in a deal valued at $23 billion. Buffett has been hunting for elephant-sized deals. At the end of September, he had $47.8 billion cash to finance investments.


The struggling personal-computer maker sold itself to founder Michael Dell and a group led by investment firm Silver Lake, in a deal that valued the company at $24 billion. The deal was announced Feb. 5.


An $11 billion tie-up will create the world's biggest airline. US Airways Group Doug Parker, who will run the combined airline, sought a merger almost as soon as American parent AMR Corp. filed for bankruptcy protection in November 2011.


The Phoenix-based miner said in December that it was buying Plains Exploration & Production Co. in a bid to become a natural-resources conglomerate. The company is paying $17.2 billion for the oil- and gas-exploration concern.

Heinz deal a windfall for Kerrys

WASHINGTON - Secretary of State John Kerry's family financial portfolio could grow by hundreds of thousands of dollars as a result of the $23 billion deal between Warren Buffett and an investment firm to buy out H.J. Heinz Co.

Kerry, as part of his confirmation last month, agreed to divest holdings in dozens of companies after leaving his Massachusetts Senate seat. But Kerry's wife, Teresa Heinz Kerry, held at least $3 million in Heinz stock through family trusts as of 2010. Under the terms of the Heinz deal, the couple could reap as much as $1 million, according to an Associated Press analysis.