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ORLANDO, Fla. (AP) \u2014 B.J. Taylor scored 17 points, Tacko Fall had a double-double and Central Florida held on to defeat Illinois 68-58 on Wednesday night to advance to the final four of the NIT.

A.J. Davis and Matt Williams added 16 points apiece for the Knights (24-11), who play TCU in a semifinal game at Madison Square Garden on Tuesday. Fall had 10 points and 10 rebounds.

UCF was the fourth-seed in the bracket and Illinois (20-15) No. 2 but due to an arena conflict the Fighting Illini couldn't host the game. The Knights took advantage with the first sellout crowd in 10,000-seat CFE Arena history to move within one win of tying for the most in school history.

Both teams had five 3-pointers in the first half but Illinois only had two other baskets, shooting 7 for 26 to fall behind 34-19.

UCF pushed the lead to 19 midway through the second half and was up 52-37 before Malcolm Hill rallied the Illini. Hill hit back-to-back 3-pointers and then made three free throws with 3:14 to play to cut the deficit to six. But Davis made 5 of 6 free throws from there and Taylor was 6 of 8 in the final minute.

Hill had 29 points to finish his Illini career with 1,846, third all-time. Jamall Walker went 2-1 as the interim coach after replacing John Groce, who was fired after the Big Ten Tournament. Illinois introduced Oklahoma State coach Brad Underwood as its new coach on Monday.

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CONWAY, S.C. (AP) \u2014 Jaylen Shaw scored 22 points, Demario Beck had 18 with 10 rebounds and Coastal Carolina defeated Illinois Chicago 89-78 on Wednesday night in the semifinals of the College Basketball Invitational.

Elijah Wilson hit four 3-pointers to score 16 points and Colton Ray-St. Cyr had 12 points, six rebounds and six assists for the Chanticleers (19-17), who will play the winner of Utah Valley State-Wyoming in the best 2-of-3 CBI championship series beginning Monday.

Coastal Carolina went 9 of 9 from the foul line to take a 36-29 halftime lead over the Flames, who were 2 of 4. An early 7-0 run made it 58-43 and then eight-straight points, capped by an Arthur Labinowicz dunk with 7:10 to play, pushed the lead to 21.

The Flames (17-19) made a charge behind Tarkus Ferguson, who had 16 of his career-high 27 in the last seven minutes. But Coastal Carolina, which finished 26 of 31 from the line for a 15-point advantage, never let the Flames get closer than nine.

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SAN JOSE, Calif. \u2014 Seconds after the Arizona locker room opened for interviews Wednesday, Rawle Alkins suddenly had almost no room to breathe.

Television cameras, smartphone video cameras and voice recorders all hovered around, intending to capture some words about the most important digit in the Sweet 16: His broken right index finger.

\u201cIt\u2019s fine,\u201d Alkins said.

Alkins patiently answered pretty much the same question over and over, and still managed to smile about it afterward.

\u201cNah, it\u2019s not crazy,\u201d Alkins said of the media swarm. \u201cI know it\u2019s a serious thing.\u201d

Just a freshman, Alkins has displayed an unusual sense of outside awareness in an environment where high-level athletes often tend to be highly focused on themselves and their teammates.

If fans back home are wondering how Alkins is doing, he\u2019s wondering how they\u2019re doing, too.

Really.

\u201cI know that everyone in Tucson wants to know what\u2019s going on with the finger,\u201d Alkins said. \u201cBut I feel fine and, you know, I\u2019m getting better every day.\u201d

He knows it\u2019s an important question because the Wildcats may need every skill they have to solve what could be a deceivingly tough Xavier team Thursday in their West Region Sweet 16 game at SAP Center.

The Musketeers are a tightly knit bunch who have rallied around adversity \u2013 as much, if not more so than Arizona \u2013 and one of the reasons they have put a six-game late-season losing streak behind them is a purposeful offense and a constantly switching defense.

The Musketeers a different team from the what they were in January and a much different team than the one that kept it close against the Wildcats in the 2015 Sweet 16. That team featured center/Uber driver Matt Stainbrook; this one has basically a bunch of guys who are mostly around 6-foot-6 and willing to get guards Trevon Bluiett or J.P. Macura the ball.

\u201cWe\u2019re a little bit smaller, little more athletic,\u201d said Bluiett, who was held to just two points in that 2015 game. \u201cI would say difference that year and this year\u2019s team is we\u2019re a lot closer and we\u2019re all bought in to winning. That\u2019s our No. 1 goal, and we put all of our personal agendas aside.\u201d

UA assistant coach Mark Phelps, who is scouting the Musketeers, found that much is obvious in reviewing game video.

\u201cEverybody from their coaching staff to the players are connected with a focus of making sure the best players and the best scorers are getting the most shots,\u201d Phelps said. \u201cIt\u2019s certainly the coaching staff\u2019s directive, but it\u2019s also players saying, `OK, I get it. I\u2019m buying in.\u2019 \u201c

Phelps said the other striking thing about Xavier is the way they switch between their man-to-man, 2-3 zone and 1-3-1 zone defenses.

\u201cAt that ratio, you expect to see a lot of zone,\u201d Phelps said.

That's another reason Alkins knows his finger might play a big role.

\u201cGotta shoot,\u201d he says.

He's not alone with that belief. There are multiple ways Arizona has attacked zone defenses this season, but guard Parker Jackson-Cartwright says that one may be most important Thursday.

\u201cYou have to make shots,\u201d Jackson-Cartwright said. \u201cAt the end of the day, I think it\u2019s going to come down to making shots.\u201d

The good news for UA is that Alkins\u2019 finger bone didn\u2019t break through the skin and require stitches like Kadeem Allen\u2019s did when he dislocated it on Feb. 14, requiring a longer and more careful healing process.

\u201cIt\u2019s a little sore, but he has full range of motion,\u201d Miller said of Alkins. \u201cHe\u2019s able to catch and shoot, do all those things. With Kadeem, the hardest part was it popped out of his skin. That was a really hard situation. But with Rawle, he just had a legitimate dislocation and once it was solid and everything, he was able to go back through it.\u201d

Miller kept Alkins out of Monday\u2019s practice while the freshman wing returned Tuesday and said he\u2019s been doing constant rehabilitation work with UA athletic trainer Justin Kokoskie all week.

\u201cI\u2019m making sure I\u2019m keeping it moving, not just keeping it stiff,\u201d Alkins said. \u201cI just make it as comfortable as I can.\u201d

After arriving in San Jose on Tuesday evening, Alkins went through UA's practice on Wednesday at Archbishop Mitty High School before showing off a bandage that covered the index and middle fingers together during Arizona\u2019s mandatory on-court appearance later Wednesday afternoon at SAP Center.

Alkins even performed dribbling drills right in front of security guards stationed at midcourt and attempted 35-footers (though he didn\u2019t make any from that far out).

Through it all, Kokoskie didn\u2019t appear to be sweating it.

\u201cHe\u2019s done really well,\u201d Kokoskie said. \u201cWe\u2019re cautiously optimistic.\u201d

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SAN JOSE, Calif. \u2014 Chris Mack hasn\u2019t changed.

This is a guy who, eight years ago and with the Xavier interim head coach label freshly affixed, allowed a Star reporter to tag along so he could get an understanding of the Wildcats\u2019 newly hired coach, Sean Miller. Gave him a tour of the campus and everything.

On Wednesday afternoon, with his obligatory press conference with the media complete, Mack sat on the floor of the Musketeers locker room in San Jose\u2019s SAP Center, flipping through his phone, seemingly without a worry in the world. Other head coaches pace the bowels of the arena chewing through their cheeks. A Sweet 16 is a frenzied event for them.\u00a0

The annual Will-He-Leave springtime of an on-the-rise head coach has taken Mack's name from coast to coast. But Mack's life is good: he lives a Sunday drive from his hometown of North College Hill. His parents drop in on his live radio appearances, and the Musketeers are playing in March Madness\u2019 second weekend yet again.\u00a0

Mack hops up and chats about the foundation that has been laid at Xavier. Mack is as laid-back as a koala bear after a bamboo feeding. He\u2019s happy. He\u2019s content.

He hasn\u2019t changed.

Neither has Xavier.

A midmajor power

When Mack took over for Miller \u2013 who\u2019ll meet his former prot\u00e9g\u00e9 for the second Sweet 16 in three years on Thursday at 7:09 p.m. \u2013 Xavier was considered an ascending program, a high \u201cmid-major,\u201d even if they\u2019d long established a pattern of success.

Under Pete Gillen, Xavier made the NCAA Tournament six times in nine years after just two previous bids in program history \u2014 and in 1990, the Musketeers beat Kansas State and Georgetown to make their first Sweet 16. When Gillen left for Providence, Skip Prosser took over, and Xavier made the tournament four times in seven years while winning at a 70 percent clip. Prosser, who was hired by Wake Forest in 2001, begat Thad Matta, who nudged the program a step further with a pair of first-round wins and then the team's first Elite 8 in 2004 before moving on to Ohio State.

Enter Sean Miller. And Mack.

Miller was promoted from Xavier assistant to head coach, and he brought back Mack, who had joined Prosser at Wake Forest. With Mack at his side, Miller led Xavier to 120 wins in five years, four straight NCAA Tournament berths and three straight Atlantic-10 Conference titles, an Elite Eight and a Sweet 16. Miller left for Arizona in 2009, and Mack took over at Xavier.

Here\u2019s what he inherited: A program that had made the tournament 18 times in 24 years, with two Sweet 16s and two Elite Eights. Are you really a Cinderella if you\u2019re so consistently asked to the ball?

\u201cIf you do it here and there, people tend to forget about you, Mack said. \u201cBut if you have a team that continually goes to the NCAA Tournament, you stay fresh in people\u2019s minds, and that helps debunk that myth.\u201d

And then Mack added, \u201cAnd the other thing is, four years ago, we joined the Big East.\u201d

He remembers the day, even.

\u201cWe were at the Atlantic-10 Tournament, and our AD said, \u2018Let\u2019s keep it under wraps, but this is about to happen,\u2019\u201d Mack said. \u201cAnd I mean, it was incredible for our program. We were so excited.\u201d

The big shift happened in 2013, Mack's worst year at Xavier. His first three had gone swimmingly, with 71 wins, two A-10 titles and two Sweet 16s. The team then slid to 17-14.

But by then, the university had long invested in the program, giving the Musketeers the kind of attention \u2014 financial and otherwise \u2014 that they needed to make such a leap. Cintas Center, Xavier\u2019s home arena in Cincinnati, opened in 2000 and has been filled at roughly a 97 percent capacity since then.

\"We were ready,\" Mack said. \"Our facilities, our resources, our commitment to basketball \u2014 that was already there.\u201d

The wins, helped, sure.

It also helps to be the BMOC.

'A different dynamic'

It\u2019s not a small thing, being the biggest dogs on campus.

Ask Gonzaga.

The Bulldogs have benefitted from being The Show in Spokane, Washington. Gonzaga has no football team to draw the attention and time of boosters. Gonzaga basketball is a religion in the Pacific Northwest, as much as it can be at the tiny Jesuit school.

\u201cWe don\u2019t need what the big boys need, but that being said, we take chartered flights, we have a practice facility going up, and big things are happening without football,\u201d Gonzaga assistant Donny Daniels said. \u201cIn Spokane, I think it works.\u201d

Xavier is also Jesuit, with a student population of under 5,000; it also has no football team. In Cincinnati, there are plenty of sports vying for the public\u2019s attention, but Musketeers basketball is most definitely a top draw.

\u201cMusky Nation, the fans, the campus \u2013 they\u2019re amazing,\u201d senior forward RaShid Gaston said. \u201cThey show us a lot of attention, and they\u2019re always supportive, win or lose.\u201d

Added Mack: \u201cHomecoming is built around a basketball game, reunions are basketball weekends,\" Mack said. \"Parents weekend is our Midnight Madness. It's a different dynamic.\u201d

This is how Mack, a guy on the radar of just about every team in the country could, has stayed grounded for so long. It makes sense the more you talk to him.

\u201cIt's not just about money, it\u2019s not just about visibility, he said. \u201cIf I felt like we couldn't do everything at Xavier that other teams are doing \u2026 it might not be easy, but I feel like we can win a national championship here.\u201d

That\u2019s helped keep him there, and there\u2019s another thing, too.

\u201cHe\u2019s loyal, that\u2019s the best word I can use,\u201d Gaston said. \u201cHe puts his family, his players, his staff and the city he comes from above all, and you have to respect that. Not just as a coach but as a human being.\u201d

And speaking of respect, here\u2019s Arizona's Miller to give the last word.

\u201cChris Mack is one of our game's bright coaches, great coaches,\u201d Miller said on Wednesday. \u201cHe's not my former assistant. He stands on his own two feet and his record and what he's done speaks for itself. \u2026 I give a lot of credit to Chris and his staff, their team and players, but also Xavier. It's a special place who loves college basketball. And it just seems like they bring out the best in everybody.\u201d

"}, {"id":"c426a06e-37c0-5097-a780-1aad6c451e5d","type":"article","starttime":"1490186820","starttime_iso8601":"2017-03-22T05:47:00-07:00","lastupdated":"1490235398","priority":0,"sections":[{"world":"news/world"},{"international":"news/international"}],"flags":{"ap":"true"},"application":"editorial","title":"Belgian king, queen, leaders mark attacks anniversary","url":"http://tucson.com/news/world/article_c426a06e-37c0-5097-a780-1aad6c451e5d.html","permalink":"http://tucson.com/news/world/belgian-king-queen-leaders-mark-attacks-anniversary/article_c426a06e-37c0-5097-a780-1aad6c451e5d.html","canonical":"http://graphiq-alerts.findthebest.com/stories/32275/tag:reuters.com,2017:newsml_M1L5N1GZ1PX:1817053174","relatedAssetCounts":{"article":0,"audio":0,"image":0,"link":0,"vmix":0,"youtube":0,"gallery":0},"byline":"Brendan Uyeshiro","prologue":"(AP) - Belgian leaders, victims and families of those who died in the March 22 suicide bomb attacks on the Brussels airport and subway are making the first anniversary of the attacks, which killed 32 people.","supportsComments":true,"commentCount":0,"keywords":["wire","graphiq","world-alerts,world-alerts"],"internalKeywords":["#lee","#ap"],"customProperties":{},"presentation":null,"revision":44,"commentID":"c426a06e-37c0-5097-a780-1aad6c451e5d","body":"

(AP) - Belgian leaders, victims and families of those who died in the March 22 suicide bomb attacks on the Brussels airport and subway are making the first anniversary of the attacks, which killed 32 people.

"}, {"id":"6148a291-7f64-58c2-911c-429b52041a1f","type":"article","starttime":"1490185457","starttime_iso8601":"2017-03-22T05:24:17-07:00","lastupdated":"1490235398","priority":0,"sections":[{"govt-and-politics":"news/national/govt-and-politics"},{"government-and-politics":"news/nation/government-and-politics"},{"government-and-politics":"news/national/government-and-politics"}],"flags":{"ap":"true"},"application":"editorial","title":"Black lawmakers to confront Trump on policies in meeting","url":"http://tucson.com/news/national/govt-and-politics/article_6148a291-7f64-58c2-911c-429b52041a1f.html","permalink":"http://tucson.com/news/national/govt-and-politics/black-lawmakers-to-confront-trump-on-policies-in-meeting/article_6148a291-7f64-58c2-911c-429b52041a1f.html","canonical":"http://graphiq-alerts.findthebest.com/stories/32263/","relatedAssetCounts":{"article":0,"audio":0,"image":0,"link":0,"vmix":0,"youtube":0,"gallery":0},"byline":"Alyssa Evans","prologue":"(AP) - The Congressional Black Caucus says it plans to push President Donald Trump on his budget priorities and other issues important to African-American voters in their meeting at the White House.","supportsComments":true,"commentCount":0,"keywords":["wire","politics","graphiq","politics-alerts"],"internalKeywords":["#lee","#ap"],"customProperties":{},"presentation":null,"revision":110,"commentID":"6148a291-7f64-58c2-911c-429b52041a1f","body":"

(AP) - The Congressional Black Caucus says it plans to push President Donald Trump on his budget priorities and other issues important to African-American voters in their meeting at the White House.

"}, {"id":"456bd159-96b6-5d9e-a6dd-45e5138ae91c","type":"article","starttime":"1490185560","starttime_iso8601":"2017-03-22T05:26:00-07:00","lastupdated":"1490235398","priority":0,"sections":[{"world":"news/world"},{"international":"news/international"}],"flags":{"ap":"true"},"application":"editorial","title":"US, South Korea say North Korea's latest missile test fails","url":"http://tucson.com/news/world/article_456bd159-96b6-5d9e-a6dd-45e5138ae91c.html","permalink":"http://tucson.com/news/world/us-south-korea-say-north-korea-s-latest-missile-test/article_456bd159-96b6-5d9e-a6dd-45e5138ae91c.html","canonical":"http://graphiq-alerts.findthebest.com/stories/32264/tag:reuters.com,2017:newsml_L3N1GZ1IF:1424664285","relatedAssetCounts":{"article":0,"audio":0,"image":0,"link":0,"vmix":0,"youtube":0,"gallery":0},"byline":"Brendan Uyeshiro","prologue":"(AP) - North Korea's latest missile launch ended in failure on Wednesday, the U.S. and South Korean militaries said, three days after the North claimed a major breakthrough in its rocket development program.","supportsComments":true,"commentCount":0,"keywords":["wire","graphiq","world-alerts,world-alerts"],"internalKeywords":["#lee","#ap"],"customProperties":{},"presentation":null,"revision":44,"commentID":"456bd159-96b6-5d9e-a6dd-45e5138ae91c","body":"

(AP) - North Korea's latest missile launch ended in failure on Wednesday, the U.S. and South Korean militaries said, three days after the North claimed a major breakthrough in its rocket development program.

"}, {"id":"b5675f16-8b46-54b9-8703-e0bbc7b9ddec","type":"article","starttime":"1490185200","starttime_iso8601":"2017-03-22T05:20:00-07:00","lastupdated":"1490235398","priority":0,"sections":[{"world":"news/world"},{"international":"news/international"}],"flags":{"ap":"true"},"application":"editorial","title":"Dozens dead or missing from airstrike in IS-held north Syria","url":"http://tucson.com/news/world/article_b5675f16-8b46-54b9-8703-e0bbc7b9ddec.html","permalink":"http://tucson.com/news/world/dozens-dead-or-missing-from-airstrike-in-is-held-north/article_b5675f16-8b46-54b9-8703-e0bbc7b9ddec.html","canonical":"http://graphiq-alerts.findthebest.com/stories/32261/tag:reuters.com,2017:newsml_M1L5N1GZ4P0:190869706","relatedAssetCounts":{"article":0,"audio":0,"image":0,"link":0,"vmix":0,"youtube":0,"gallery":0},"byline":"Alyssa Evans","prologue":"(AP) - Syrian activists say dozens of civilians are dead or still missing after an airstrike on a shelter for the displaced in an Islamic State-held village in northern Syria.","supportsComments":true,"commentCount":0,"keywords":["wire","graphiq","politics-alerts,world-alerts"],"internalKeywords":["#lee","#ap"],"customProperties":{},"presentation":null,"revision":44,"commentID":"b5675f16-8b46-54b9-8703-e0bbc7b9ddec","body":"

(AP) - Syrian activists say dozens of civilians are dead or still missing after an airstrike on a shelter for the displaced in an Islamic State-held village in northern Syria.

"}, {"id":"e71301b8-0549-5e07-ba4b-475403d51227","type":"article","starttime":"1490185273","starttime_iso8601":"2017-03-22T05:21:13-07:00","lastupdated":"1490235398","priority":0,"sections":[{"national":"news/national"}],"flags":{"ap":"true"},"application":"editorial","title":"Manafort's plan to 'greatly benefit the Putin Government'","url":"http://tucson.com/news/national/article_e71301b8-0549-5e07-ba4b-475403d51227.html","permalink":"http://tucson.com/news/national/manafort-s-plan-to-greatly-benefit-the-putin-government/article_e71301b8-0549-5e07-ba4b-475403d51227.html","canonical":"http://graphiq-alerts.findthebest.com/stories/32262/","relatedAssetCounts":{"article":0,"audio":0,"image":0,"link":0,"vmix":0,"youtube":0,"gallery":0},"byline":"Alyssa Evans","prologue":"(AP) - President Donald Trump's former campaign chairman, Paul Manafort, secretly worked for a Russian billionaire to advance the interests of Russian President Vladimir Putin a decade ago and proposed an ambitious political strategy to undermine anti-Russian opposition across former Soviet republics, The Associated Press has learned. The work appears to contradict assertions by the Trump administration and Manafort himself that he never worked for Russian interests.","supportsComments":true,"commentCount":0,"keywords":["wire","graphiq","politics-alerts,us-alerts"],"internalKeywords":["#lee","#ap"],"customProperties":{},"presentation":null,"revision":52,"commentID":"e71301b8-0549-5e07-ba4b-475403d51227","body":"

(AP) - President Donald Trump's former campaign chairman, Paul Manafort, secretly worked for a Russian billionaire to advance the interests of Russian President Vladimir Putin a decade ago and proposed an ambitious political strategy to undermine anti-Russian opposition across former Soviet republics, The Associated Press has learned. The work appears to contradict assertions by the Trump administration and Manafort himself that he never worked for Russian interests.

"}, {"id":"56523063-da9d-559f-b865-a767c8cdcc37","type":"article","starttime":"1490187600","starttime_iso8601":"2017-03-22T06:00:00-07:00","lastupdated":"1490235397","priority":0,"sections":[{"movies":"entertainment/movies"},{"bangshowbiz":"partners/bangshowbiz"},{"celebrities":"partners/bangshowbiz/celebrities"},{"movies":"partners/bangshowbiz/movies"},{"entertainment":"entertainment"}],"flags":{"ap":"true"},"application":"editorial","title":"Ryan Reynolds and Jake Gyllenhaal's 'bromance' cost Life","url":"http://tucson.com/entertainment/movies/article_56523063-da9d-559f-b865-a767c8cdcc37.html","permalink":"http://tucson.com/entertainment/movies/ryan-reynolds-and-jake-gyllenhaal-s-bromance-cost-life/article_56523063-da9d-559f-b865-a767c8cdcc37.html","canonical":"http://www.celebretainment.com/movies/ryan-reynolds-and-jake-gyllenhaal-s-bromance-cost-life/article_32cdea16-694d-5a8e-bb3f-b5331f22194e.html","relatedAssetCounts":{"article":0,"audio":0,"image":1,"link":0,"vmix":0,"youtube":0,"gallery":0},"byline":"By Celebretainment","prologue":"Ryan Reynolds and Jake Gyllenhaal were told off on the set of 'Life' for joking around and costing the sci-fi film money.","supportsComments":true,"commentCount":0,"keywords":["wire","jake gyllenhaal","cinema","show","rory adams","producer","david espinosa","ryan reynolds","bromance","film"],"internalKeywords":["#lee","#ap","#tncen","#cen_entertainment","#bang","#celebretainment.com","#cen_movies"],"customProperties":{},"presentation":null,"images":[{"id":"80d47afc-db7e-57ed-9f77-2026edfbfb1f","description":"","byline":"","hireswidth":null,"hiresheight":null,"hiresurl":null,"presentation":null,"versions":{"full":{"type":"image/jpeg","width":"1000","height":"500","url":"http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/tucson.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/8/0d/80d47afc-db7e-57ed-9f77-2026edfbfb1f/58d28e6859d2e.image.jpg?resize=1000%2C500"},"100": {"type":"image/jpeg","width":"100","height":"50","url":"http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/tucson.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/8/0d/80d47afc-db7e-57ed-9f77-2026edfbfb1f/58d28e6859d2e.image.jpg?resize=100%2C50"},"300": {"type":"image/jpeg","width":"300","height":"150","url":"http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/tucson.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/8/0d/80d47afc-db7e-57ed-9f77-2026edfbfb1f/58d28e6859d2e.image.jpg?resize=300%2C150"},"1024":{"type":"image/jpeg","width":"1024","height":"512","url":"http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/tucson.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/8/0d/80d47afc-db7e-57ed-9f77-2026edfbfb1f/58d28e6859d2e.image.jpg"}}}],"revision":46,"commentID":"56523063-da9d-559f-b865-a767c8cdcc37","body":"

Ryan Reynolds and Jake Gyllenhaal were told off on the set of 'Life' for \"joking\" about and costing the production money.

The Hollywood actors appear together in the sci-fi thriller, in which they must battle an aggressive extraterrestrial organism from Mars, and the 'Deadpool' star - who plays lead star Rory 'Roy' Adams - has revealed their budding \"bromance\" got them into trouble with the producers.

Appearing on 'The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon', the 40-year-old hunk shared how he and Jake - who portrays Dr. David Jordan - were shooting a scene which saw them \"floating around on wires ... simulating zero gravity\" and how they could not control their laughter.

He added: \"Then when we would cut we couldn't stop laughing and joking and it was like, we wasted so much money.

Like literally, producers brought us to the side, in the corner, and were like, 'We need to talk to Ryan and Jake'.

\"And they brought us in the corner and they were like, 'You guys need to cut it out. We are wasting so much money!' We're starting a bromance!\"

Their co-star Rebecca Ferguson [Miranda North] recently gave an insight into the pair's great camaraderie on set - although those elements will be missing from the finished edit.

She said: \"I realised [after seeing it] that the film that I saw is not the film I shot. On set it was a sort of very homey, fun environment, a lot of jokes.\"

Jake, 36, agreed describing the set \"a wonderful place to be\" despite the fear-filled plot.

He said: \"We were laughing all the time. None of us takes ourselves that seriously, so there was a really wonderful spirit on set all the time.\"

'Life' follows a team of scientists aboard the International Space Station, whose mission of discovery turns to one of survival when they begin to conduct experiments a rapidly evolving lifeform that could have caused extinction on Mars, and now threatens the crew and all life on Earth.

Director David Espinosa has likened the film to Sir Ridley Scott's 1979 sci-fi horror classic 'Alien' but pointed out one key distinction that he hopes audiences make.

He added: \"The realism of ['Life'] makes it different than other movies. Alien takes place 200 years into the future - this one could take place tomorrow.\"

Also starring in 'Life' are Olga Dihovichnaya, Ariyon Bakare and Hiroyuki Sanada, while 'Deadpool' writers Paul Wernick and Rhett Reese penned the screenplay.

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LONDON (AP) \u2014 Britain's Parliament was on lockdown Wednesday after an assailant stabbed an officer, then was shot by police, officials said. London Police also said officers were called to an incident on Westminster Bridge nearby. London police say they are treating a gun and knife incident at Britain's Parliament \"as a terrorist incident until we know otherwise.\"

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LAS VEGAS (AP) \u2014 A jury in Las Vegas decided a 24-year-old man should become the youngest person on Nevada's death row for the 2011 rape, killing and mutilation of a 15-year-old girl who had texted her mother to say she was on her way home after fetching a school book.

Javier Righetti was 19 when Alyssa Otremba disappeared and searchers found her charred body the next day in a vacant lot not far from her home in northwest Las Vegas.

His court-appointed attorney, Christy Craig, declined Wednesday to comment on the verdict, which was read late Tuesday in Clark County District Court. Craig had sought life in prison without parole, and Righetti apologized to people he acknowledged he hurt.

Righetti is due for formal sentencing in Clark County District Court on May 9 \u2014 his 25th birthday \u2014 on charges also including kidnapping, battery, robbery and sexual assault of a victim under 16 years old.

He'll become the 83rd person on death row in Nevada, and his sentence will be automatically appealed. The last execution in Nevada was in 2006.

The slain girl's mother, Jennifer Otremba, told reporters at the courthouse that the verdict wasn't a win for anybody.

\"Two families have been destroyed,\" she said. \"We have the rest of life to live without Alyssa.\"

Police said Otremba was abducted, sexually assaulted, stabbed 80 times and had the letters \"LV\" carved in her thigh before her body was left in a tunnel. Righetti returned later to douse the corpse with gasoline and burn it into unrecognizability.

Investigators said there was no evidence that Righetti knew Otremba. He told police following his arrest he wanted to prove he could be as brutal as the most notorious Las Vegas gang member, although police said there was no evidence he was in a gang.

The same jury that decided the death sentence found Righetti guilty last week of capital murder in a retrial on an unusually narrow question of whether the slaying was premeditated.

The Nevada Supreme Court ruled last month that Righetti's plea to the murder charge was unacceptable because he didn't specify that it was willful, deliberate and planned. Righetti's guilty pleas to other charges stood.

Jurors heard evidence this week that even before Otremba's slaying, Righetti was sought in Mexico on an arrest warrant in a rape case involving his 16-year-old cousin.

Prosecutors Giancarlo Pesci and Michelle Fleck said the jury decision for death provided justice for all of Righetti's victims.

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WESTON, Wis. (AP) \u2014 The Latest on a string of shootings in northern Wisconsin that killed a police officer and three others and prompted local schools and a hospital to go on lockdown (all times local):

8:20 p.m.

Police in northern Wisconsin say an officer and three other people were killed in what apparently began as a domestic dispute in a bank.

Everest Metro Police Chief Wally Sparks said the slain officer was from his department. Sparks did not release the officer's name. The names of the other three dead also were not released.

Sparks said a suspect was in custody.

The violence in the small town of Rothschild began shortly after noon on Wednesday, after police were summoned to what they called a \"domestic situation\" at Marathon Savings Bank.

They say they arrived to find two people with gunshot wounds and the suspect gone. Authorities say a second shooting happened soon after at a law firm and a third at an apartment complex.

___

7:10 p.m.

A witness to the shooting of a police officer in northern Wisconsin says he was hit moments after arriving at an apartment complex in pursuit of a suspect in a string of shootings.

Kelly Hanson says she looked out her apartment window in the small town of Weston about 1:15 p.m. to see a squad car approach, and a few seconds later heard a gunshot and saw the officer fall. She says other officers then drove in with an armored vehicle to retrieve him.

Authorities haven't released information on the officer's condition.

Hanson says she stayed in her apartment all afternoon until hearing a volley of about 10 shots. Police haven't said what happened with the suspect, but Hanson says she was finally allowed to leave her apartment in early evening.

Police say the shootings began at a bank in nearby Rothschild around midday and included one at a law firm before the violence at the apartment complex.

___

5:45 p.m.

Gunshots have been heard at an apartment complex in northern Wisconsin where a suspect was holed up after a shooting that wounded at least two people other than the police officer.

WSAW-TV reports about a dozen gunshots were heard about 5 p.m. Wednesday. The station reported an ambulance went by after police said they were trying to engage the suspect.

Wausau Police Capt. Todd Baeten said earlier that a police officer was among the victims but would not give details on the officer's injuries.

The shootings began at a bank in Rothschild where officers responding to a domestic situation arrived to find two people had been shot.

___

5:10 p.m.

Police in Wisconsin say an officer is among the victims in a shooting in the small town of Rothschild.

Wausau Police Capt. Todd Baeten would not give details on the officer's injuries. But he said authorities were in contact with the suspect at an apartment complex and were trying to engage him. He gave no other details.

Authorities say the shooting began at Marathon Savings Bank about 12:30 p.m. They say officers were responding to a reported domestic situation and arrived to find two people had been shot.

Authorities say two shootings happened later at a law firm and at the apartment complex in nearby where the suspect was being sought.

The area is about 90 miles west of Green Bay.

___

4:45 p.m.

Police in a small northern Wisconsin town say they were responding to a \"domestic situation\" at a bank when they arrived to find two people with gunshot wounds.

Police Chief Jeremy Hunt says officers were called to Marathon Savings Bank in Rothschild about 12:30 p.m. He said the suspect was gone when officers arrived.

Authorities say two shootings happened later at a law firm and an apartment in nearby Weston. The area is about 90 miles west of Green Bay.

Schools in the D.C. Everest School District were put on lockdown, but the district posted on Facebook that the lockdown was lifted for all but two schools.

___

This version of the story corrects that police now say the apartment building is in Weston, not Schofield.

___

4:10 p.m.

A SWAT team and other police officers are outside an apartment in northern Wisconsin as police investigate shootings at three locations.

Wausau Police Capt. Todd Baeten says the shootings happened Wednesday at a bank in Rothschild and then a law firm and the apartment where authorities remained on the scene mid-afternoon in nearby Schofield. The area is about 90 miles west of Green Bay.

Early police reports indicated two people were shot and critically injured, but Baeten wouldn't confirm the injuries later Wednesday. He says the shootings involved \"multiple scenes\" and many law officers.

Dozens of police cars and emergency vehicles were responding after the shooting was reported in Rothschild. Wausau police say the situation is active and have asked residents to avoid the area.

Schools in the D.C. Everest School District are on lockdown, as is Aspirus Wausau Hospital.

___

2:55 p.m.

SWAT teams have entered an apartment building after a shooting critically injured two people in northern Wisconsin and prompted schools and a hospital to go on lockdown.

Police have marked off an area around Marathon Savings Bank in Rothschild, though a police officer told USA Today Network-Wisconsin (http://wdhne.ws/2o5KDq2 ) the incident was \"not a bank robbery.\"

Dozens of police cars and emergency vehicles were responding after the shooting was reported Wednesday afternoon in Rothschild, about 90 miles west of Green Bay. Wausau police posted a link on social media saying the situation was still active and asked residents to avoid the area.

An officer on the scene confirmed shots were fired. Other information wasn't immediately available.

Schools in the D.C. Everest School District are on lockdown, as is Aspirus Wausau Hospital.

___

2:40 p.m.

Authorities say a shooting has critically injured two people in northern Wisconsin, and area schools and a hospital are on lockdown.

Dozens of police cars and emergency vehicles were responding after the shooting was reported Wednesday afternoon in Rothschild. The Wausau Police Department posted a link on social media saying the situation was still active and asked residents to avoid the area.

An officer on the scene confirmed to USA Today Network-Wisconsin (http://wdhne.ws/2o5KDq2 ) that shots were fired. Other information wasn't immediately available.

Police have marked off an area around Marathon Savings Bank in Rothschild. Schools in the D.C. Everest School District are on lockdown, as is Aspirus Wausau Hospital.

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LONDON (AP) \u2014 The latest on the attack outside Britain's Parliament (all times local):

1:35 a.m.

New Zealand's prime minister is condemning the attack outside Britain's Parliament that resulted in five deaths, including the assailant.

Prime Minister Bill English told reporters in Rotorua that he has written to British Prime Minister Theresa May to express support for her government and to offer his country's condolences to the victim's families.

A knife-wielding man went on the deadly rampage in the heart of Britain's seat of power Wednesday, plowing a car into pedestrians on London's Westminster Bridge before stabbing a police officer to death inside the gates of Parliament. Other officers fatally shot the attacker.

In addition to the dead, 40 people have injuries.

May has condemned the incident as a \"sick and depraved terrorist attack.\"

___

12:15 a.m.

South Korea's Foreign Ministry says five South Koreans in their 50s and 60s were among the 40 people injured in London during the terror attack outside Parliament.

The ministry says the five were hurt when they were caught up in a stampede of people trying to escape the attack.

It says four of the South Koreans suffered broken bones and other injuries and a woman in her late 60s needed an operation to treat a head injury.

___

10:30 p.m.

British police say five people died in the terror attack outside Parliament.

Counter-terrorism chief Mark Rowley said one policeman, three civilians and the attacker died.

He said a further 40 people were wounded.

The assailant has not been identified. Rowley said police think they know the identity of the man but would not reveal details. He said Islamic extremism is suspected in the attack.

He said extra armed police would be on the streets in the coming days to reassure the public, and hundreds of police officers are working on the case.

He identified the police officer who died as Keith Palmer, 48.

___

10:20 p.m.

Buckingham Palace officials say Queen Elizabeth II will postpone plans to open the new Scotland Yard headquarters.

The palace said Wednesday night that the queen's visit, which had been set for Thursday, will be postponed.

The change is due to security concerns raised by the terror attack on Parliament.

It is also expected that police will be involved with a major investigation that will occupy many officers.

The queen was to have been joined by her husband Prince Philip at the official opening of the new building.

___

10:15 p.m.

Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull says the police presence at the Australian Parliament House has been increased in response to the London attacks.

\"Australia's heartfelt sympathy and resolute solidarity is with the people of the United Kingdom with whom we stand today as we always have in freedom's cause. Staunch allies in the war against terrorism,\" Turnbull told reporters on Thursday.

\"The attack on the British Parliament is an attack on parliaments, freedom and democracy everywhere,\" he added.

___

10:05 p.m.

The Eiffel Tower is going dark in mourning and solidarity with Britain after an attack around the British Parliament in which four people, including the attacker, were killed.

Paris Mayor Anne Hidalgo, whose city has suffered deadly extremist attacks in recent years, announced that the tower is turning off its twinkling lights at midnight (2300 GMT).

Three French teenagers on a school trip were among those injured in Wednesday's attack targeting pedestrians on London's Westminster Bridge and a police officer on the nearby Parliament grounds.

French President Francois Hollande offered support for Britain and the investigation.

___

9 p.m.

Prime Minister Theresa May has condemned the \"sick and depraved terrorist attack\" in London and says the targeting Parliament was no accident.

In a late-night statement outside her Downing Street office Wednesday, a defiant May said the nation will not give in to terror and those who targeted the seat of power in Britain.

She insisted that \"tomorrow morning Parliament will meet as normal,\" and urged the country to move on and behave as normal on Thursday.

May says \"we will all move forward together, never giving in to terror and never allowing the voices of hate and evil to drive us apart.\"

The prime minister confirmed that four people died in the attack and praised the security services who ran toward danger.

___

8 p.m.

A French government plane is set to fly to London Wednesday evening to bring the families of three French students wounded in the attacks at the British Parliament to their loved ones.

French President Francois Hollande announced the move in a statement Wednesday night after speaking with British Prime Minister Theresa May.

May confirmed to Hollande that three French high school students from France's western Britanny region were wounded in the attacks, the statement said.

Hollande offered his condolences to May for those who died in the attacks and expressed France's solidarity with Britain \"in this tragic ordeal.\"

\"The British and French services are in close contact to conduct the investigation,\" Hollande added.

London is a common destination for French school trips.

___

7:55 p.m.

Romania's foreign ministry says two Romanians were wounded in a deadly attack in London's Westminster that left four dead.

The ministry said the two had been taken to a hospital for treatment. There were no further details on the identity of the two or how seriously they were injured. The ministry said it had been informed by authorities in London.

A knife-wielding man went on a deadly rampage near the Parliament, mowing down pedestrians on London's Westminster Bridge before stabbing an armed police officer to death inside the gates of Parliament. Four people were killed, including the attacker. About 20 others were injured.

___

7:20 p.m.

Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy condemned the deadly attack in London's Westminster on Wednesday and offered condolences to the British people in a telegram sent to his British counterpart Theresa May.

\"An execrable terrorist act like the one that took place today is a reminder that we face complex challenges for the security of our societies,\" said Rajoy in a transcript of the telegram distributed by Moncloa, the prime minister's palace.

\"We must remain united against these type of threats that affect all of us equally and that know no barriers,\" Rajoy wrote, offering Spain's support to the UK.

Israel, which that has faced a wave of Palestinian car ramming, stabbing and shooting assaults since 2015, also expressed solidarity with the victims of the London attack.

Deputy Foreign Minister Tzipi Hotovely said in a statement. \"Israel expresses its deep shock at the terror attack in London today and its solidarity with the victims and with the people and government of Great Britain. Terror is terror wherever it occurs and we will fight it relentlessly.\"

___

6:50 p.m.

One British lawmaker was hailed by some as a hero in Wednesday's attack on the British Parliament.

Conservative parliamentarian and Foreign Office minister Tobias Ellwood, whose brother was killed in the Bali terror attack in 2002, performed mouth-to-mouth resuscitation on the police officer who was stabbed and later died. About 10 yards away was the attacker who was shot dead by police after scaling the security wall toward Parliament's grounds.

Ellwood, who served in the British military, applied pressure to the police officer's multiple lacerations.

Photographs showed Ellwood's bloodied hands and face from the police officer's wounds while the alleged attacker was seen nearby.

___

6:20 p.m.

The White House is condemning the attacks in London involving a car rampage and knife attack. President Donald Trump is said to be monitoring developments.

Spokesman Sean Spicer said Wednesday Trump spoke with British Prime Minister Theresa May and said that the White House applauds \"the quick response of British police and first responders\" and condemns the attacks.

A vehicle mowed down pedestrians on a bridge and the attacker then stabbed a police officer outside the British Parliament. At least four people died, including the attacker and a police officer.

Spicer says that the city of London and the British government have the \"full support\" of the U.S. as they investigate the attack.

The U.S. Homeland Security Department says the security posture in the United States has not changed in the wake of the attack.

___

6:15 p.m.

The Italian interior ministry says the nation's top security and intelligence officials will huddle in Rome on Thursday for \"an evaluation of the terrorist threat\" after the attacks in London.

The ministry said minister Marco Minniti convened the Committee of Strategic Anti-terrorism Analyses following \"the tragic facts in London,\" in which a vehicle mowed down pedestrians on a bridge and the attacker then stabbed a police officer outside the British Parliament. At least four people died, including the attacker and a police officer.

Italian security was already on high alert for a European Union summit bringing EU nation leaders to Rome Friday for a meeting with Pope Francis at the Vatican, and a ceremony in the Italian capital Saturday.

Authorities are bracing for possible violence during several marches Saturday, drawing thousands of both pro-and anti-EU participants.

___

6:05 p.m.

The head of counterterrorism at London's Metropolitan Police, says four people have died in the terror incident in London, including an attacker and a police officer.

Mark Rowley says some 20 people have been wounded and Parliament was locked down. A search is underway to make certain no other attackers are in the area \u2014 though police believe there was only one attacker.

Rowley said the dead policeman was one of the armed officers who guard Parliament. The other victims were on Westminster Bridge.

Rowley says \"We are satisfied at this stage that it looks like there was only one attacker. But it would be foolish to be overconfident early on.\"

___

5:50 p.m.

French President Francois Hollande and German Chancellor Angela Merkel have both expressed their support and solidarity with Britain after the attacks at the British Parliament in London.

\"We are all concerned with terrorism,\" Hollande told reporters Wednesday during a visit in Villepinte, outside Paris. \"France, which has been struck so hard lately, knows what the British people are suffering today.\"

Hollande added that countries \"must bring all the conditions to answer these attacks\" and that \"it is clear that it is at the European level, and even beyond that, that we must organize ourselves.\"

French Interior Minister Matthias Fekl said \"it is a high place of democracy that has been attacked\" and that France is \"obviously ready to help.\"

Merkel said in a statement Wednesday that she learned \"with sorrow\" of Wednesday's incident and her thoughts were \"with our British friends and all of the people of London,\" in particular those who were injured.

While the circumstances of the attack were still unclear, \"I want to say for Germany and its citizens: we stand firmly and resolutely by Great Britain's side in the fight against all forms of terrorism,\" she said.

___

5:45 p.m.

Russian Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova has expressed sympathy to those injured and condolences to the relatives of those who died in the incident at Britain's parliament, and has underlined the need for global cooperation in the fight against terrorism.

\"We don't split terrorism into categories; we consider it as absolute evil. At this moment, as always, our hearts are together with the British people, we feel their pain and speak again about the need to confront that evil,\" she said.

___

5:40 p.m.

British Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson was absent from a \"family photo\" of officials attending a conference on the Islamic State group in Washington, D.C.

Secretary of State Rex Tillerson, who was also at the meeting, issued a statement offering his condolences to the victims.

\"The American people send their thoughts and prayers to the people of the United Kingdom. We condemn these horrific acts of violence, and whether they were carried out by troubled individuals or by terrorists, the victims know no difference,\" he said.

State Department spokesman Mark Toner said the U.S. was ready to assist in any way.

\"The safety and security of U.S. citizens overseas is one of our highest priorities. Our embassy in London is monitoring the situation closely,\" he added.

___

5:30 p.m.

Three students on a school trip from Saint-Joseph high school in the Brittany town of Concarneau were among the injured, according to the French foreign ministry.

The ministry said it is in contact with British authorities.

___

5:25 p.m.

French Prime Minister Bernard Cazeneuve says that French high school students are among the wounded in the attack in London.

In a tweet Wednesday, Cazeneuve offered support to the British as well as to \"the French students wounded, their families and their schoolmates.\"

London is a common destination for French school trips.

___

5:15 p.m.

British port officials say they pulled a woman from the Thames River following the incident on Westminster Bridge.

The Port of London Authority says a female member of the public was recovered from the river, injured but alive.

The authority says it has closed the river between Vauxhall Bridge and Embankment while a major security operation is under way after a suspected terror attack at the Houses of Parliament in London.

___

5:10 p.m.

Britain's Prime Minister Theresa May will chair a meeting of the government emergency committee to discuss the response to the terror incident in London.

The emergency committee known as Cobra coordinates the high-level response to serious incidents. It brings together government ministers with senior officials of the emergency services and security and intelligence agencies.

Such meetings are held after serious incidents such at the July 7, 2005, attack on London transport services.

The Wednesday meeting is held in the briefing room of the Cabinet Office on Whitehall.

___

5 p.m.

The London Ambulance Service says it has treated at least 10 injured people on Westminster Bridge after a vehicle hit pedestrians.

It says the first ambulance arrived within six minutes of the first call at 2:40 p.m. (1440GMT).

Ambulances, an air ambulance and a Hazardous Area Response Team were all sent to the scene.

One woman has been confirmed dead, and a body was seen lying in the yard of Parliament, where a knifeman stabbed a police officer and was shot by police.

People began leaving the Houses of Parliament about two hours after the incident.

___

4:50 p.m.

A senior police commander says the attack at London's Parliament has been declared a terrorist incident and \"a full counterterrorism investigation is underway.\"

Commander B.J. Harrington says \"a number\" of people have been injured, including police officers.

He says additional police officers, armed and unarmed, will be deployed across London during the evening rush hour as part of efforts to keep people safe.

___

4:35 p.m.

The Scottish Parliament in Edinburgh suspended its debate on a second independence referendum after the incident outside the British Parliament in London.

Scottish lawmakers had been planning to vote after two days of debate on First Minister Nicola Sturgeon's call for another referendum on leaving the United Kingdom.

The debate was suspended after some members said it should be halted out of respect after a policeman was stabbed and his attacker shot in London.

Sturgeon tweeted that her thoughts were with everyone in Westminster \"caught up in this dreadful incident.\"

___

4:30 p.m.

A doctor says a woman has died and about a dozen people are hurt, some with \"catastrophic\" injuries, after a vehicle apparently hit pedestrians on Westminster Bridge, near Parliament.

Colleen Anderson of St Thomas' Hospital says a female pedestrian has died.

Anderson said: \"There were people across the bridge. There were some with minor injuries, some catastrophic. Some had injuries they could walk away from or who have life-changing injuries.\"

She said there might be a dozen injured in all.

___

4:20 p.m.

Poland's former foreign minister, Radek Sikorski, says he was in a taxi leaving Westminster and was checking his email when he heard something like a car crash, \"something like a car hitting metal sheet.\"

\"I look up and I see that a person is lying on the pavement. I started my camera and I saw more people lying on the street and on the pavement,\" Sikorski said on Poland's TVN24.

\"People started running up to them. I saw one person who gave no sign of life, another man was bleeding from his head. In all, I saw five people who were at least seriously injured,\" he said.

\"The taxi driver immediately called the emergency number. I heard ambulances within two or three minutes, so the rescue action was really very quick. There is a hospital near there.\"

\"It all happened so fast that there was no time to get scared,\" said Sikorski who posted his video on Twitter.

___

4:05 p.m.

The U.S. State Department says it is closely monitoring the incident outside London's Parliament and urged Americans in London to avoid the area.

Spokesman Mark Toner said Wednesday: \"We stand ready to assist in any way the U.K. authorities would find helpful.\"

He added that the U.S. Embassy in London is closely following the news and stands ready to help any affected Americans.

He said: \"Our hearts go out to those affected.\"

___

3:50 p.m.

Witness Rick Longley told the Press Association that he saw a man stab a policeman outside Britain's Parliament.

\"We were just walking up to the station and there was a loud bang and a guy, someone, crashed a car and took some pedestrians out,\" he said.

\"They were just laying there and then the whole crowd just surged around the corner by the gates just opposite Big Ben.

\"A guy came past my right shoulder with a big knife and just started plunging it into the policeman.

\"I have never seen anything like that. I just can't believe what I just saw.\"

Lawmaker Adam Holloway told the AP he saw people running and immediately ran into his offices in Parliament to be with his staff. \"A lot of us are locked in with our staff at the moment,\" he said.

___

3:50 p.m.

The White House says U.S. President Donald Trump has been briefed on a gun and knife incident at Britain's Parliament in London.

Trump himself said during a brief appearance Wednesday before reporters at the White House that he was just getting the news. He called it \"big news.\"

Trump's spokesman, Sean Spicer, says the U.S. will continue to monitor the situation and update the president.

Britain's Parliament was on lockdown after \u2014 according to officials \u2014 an assailant stabbed an officer then was shot by police.

London Police also said officers were called to an incident on nearby Westminster Bridge

___

3:40 p.m.

British lawmaker Grant Shapps said on Twitter that he was walking through the cloisters of the House of Commons to vote when he heard four gunshots. Police told lawmakers to get down on the ground and crawl to cover.

\"Police response instant. Heard commotion, looked round. Police weapons drawn, 4 shots, police ordered us to hit ground & get back, get back,\" he said.

___

3:40 p.m.

The former Polish foreign minister Radek Sikorski posted a video on Twitter that seems to show people lying injured in the road on Westminster Bridge.

Sikorski, a senior fellow at the Harvard Centre for European Studies, says he saw at least five people lying on the ground after being \"mown down\" by a car.

Sikorski told the BBC he \"heard what I thought what I thought was just a collision and then I looked through the window of the taxi and someone down, obviously in great distress.

\"Then I saw a second person down, and I started filming, then I saw three more people down, one of them bleeding profusely.\"

___

3:35 p.m.

London police say they are treating a gun and knife incident at Britain's Parliament \"as a terrorist incident until we know otherwise.\"

The Metropolitan Police says in a statement that the incident is ongoing. It is urging people to stay away from the area.

Officials say a man with a knife attacked a police officer at Parliament and was shot by officers.

There are also reports of a vehicle hitting pedestrians on nearby Westminster Bridge.

___

3:25 p.m.

A European security official says there was increased chatter on jihadi networks Tuesday following the UK's adoption of an electronics ban aboard flights from certain mostly Muslim countries.

He said, however, there was no information that the incident was terror-related.

The official spoke on condition of anonymity because he was not authorized to speak about ongoing security operations.

\u2014By Paisley Dodds.

___

3:15 p.m.

The leader of Britain's House of Commons says a man attacked a police officer at Parliament and has been shot by police.

David Lidington says the Parliament complex is in lockdown.

He says there are reports of further violent incidents neaby, and police say they have been called to a firearms incident on nearby Westminster Bridge.

Witnesses said a vehicle struck several people on the bridge, and photos showed a car plowed into railings.

___

3:05 p.m.

The leader of Britain's House of Commons says a man has been shot by police at Parliament. David Lidington also said there were \"reports of further violent incidents in the vicinity.\"

London's police said officers had been called to a firearms incident on Westminster Bridge, near the parliament.

A session of Parliament was suspended after the incident.

Britain's MI5 says it is too early to say if the incident is terror-related.

___

2:55 p.m.

A session of Britain's House of Commons has been suspended as witnesses reported hearing sounds like gunfire nearby.

The Commons' speaker suspended the session as police responded to an incident.

Journalists at the Parliament building said they were told to stay in their offices.

The Press Association news agency reported that two people were seen lying within the grounds of Parliament.

Police had no immediate confirmation.

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(Korea Pool/Yonhap via AP)","byline":"SUB","hireswidth":null,"hiresheight":null,"hiresurl":null,"presentation":null,"versions":{"full":{"type":"image/jpeg","width":"512","height":"331","url":"http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/tucson.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/e/a3/ea3bb14a-8da4-585e-a182-0ef0f1e2307b/58d313868cf9f.image.jpg?resize=512%2C331"},"100": {"type":"image/jpeg","width":"100","height":"65","url":"http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/tucson.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/e/a3/ea3bb14a-8da4-585e-a182-0ef0f1e2307b/58d313868cf9f.image.jpg?resize=100%2C65"},"300": {"type":"image/jpeg","width":"300","height":"194","url":"http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/tucson.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/e/a3/ea3bb14a-8da4-585e-a182-0ef0f1e2307b/58d313868cf9f.image.jpg?resize=300%2C194"},"1024":{"type":"image/jpeg","width":"1024","height":"662","url":"http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/tucson.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/e/a3/ea3bb14a-8da4-585e-a182-0ef0f1e2307b/58d313868cf9f.image.jpg"}}},{"id":"48a80fba-b9c0-5461-aa74-a8154e119cfc","description":"Workers prepare to lift the sunken Sewol ferry in waters off Jindo, South Korea, Thursday, March 23, 2017. South Korean workers on Thursday slowly pulled up a 6,800-ton ferry from the water, nearly three years after it capsized and sank into the violent seas off South Korea's southwestern coast, an emotional moment for a country that continues to search for closure to one of its deadliest disasters ever. (Lee Jin-wook/Yonhap via AP)","byline":"Lee Jin-wook","hireswidth":null,"hiresheight":null,"hiresurl":null,"presentation":null,"versions":{"full":{"type":"image/jpeg","width":"512","height":"305","url":"http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/tucson.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/4/8a/48a80fba-b9c0-5461-aa74-a8154e119cfc/58d3176add33b.image.jpg?resize=512%2C305"},"100": {"type":"image/jpeg","width":"100","height":"60","url":"http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/tucson.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/4/8a/48a80fba-b9c0-5461-aa74-a8154e119cfc/58d3176add33b.image.jpg?resize=100%2C60"},"300": {"type":"image/jpeg","width":"300","height":"179","url":"http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/tucson.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/4/8a/48a80fba-b9c0-5461-aa74-a8154e119cfc/58d3176add33b.image.jpg?resize=300%2C179"},"1024":{"type":"image/jpeg","width":"1024","height":"610","url":"http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/tucson.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/4/8a/48a80fba-b9c0-5461-aa74-a8154e119cfc/58d3176add33b.image.jpg"}}}],"revision":11,"commentID":"935d4c54-35f2-5c69-97fc-eadfa6d5d8eb","body":"

SEOUL, South Korea (AP) \u2014 A 6,800-ton South Korean ferry emerged from the water on Thursday, nearly three years after it capsized and sank into violent seas off the country's southwestern coast, an emotional moment for the country that continues to search for closure to one of its deadliest disasters ever.

More than 300 people \u2014 most of whom were students on a high school trip \u2014 died when the Sewol sank on April 16, 2014, touching off an outpouring of national grief and soul searching about long-ignored public safety and regulatory failures. The public outrage over what was seen as a botched rescue job by the government contributed to the recent ouster of Park Geun-hye as president.

Workers on two barges began the salvaging operation Wednesday night, rolling up 66 cables connected to a frame of metal beams divers spent months putting beneath the ferry, which had been lying on its left side in about 40 meters (130 feet) of water.

By 3:45 a.m., Sewol's stabilizer surfaced from the water. About an hour later, the blue-and-white right side of ferry, rusty and scratched and its name \"SEWOL\" no longer visible from where it was, emerged for the first time in more than 1,000 days.

By about 7 a.m., the ferry had been raised enough for workers to climb on it and further fasten it to the barges.

Lee Cheoljo, an official from the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries, told reporters that workers will need until late afternoon or the evening to raise the ferry until its upper side is about 13 meters (42 feet) above the surface.

Salvage crews will then load the ferry onto a semi-submersible, heavy-lift vessel that will carry it to a mainland port. The loading process, including emptying the ferry of water and fuel, is expected to take days.

The bodies of 295 passengers were recovered after the sinking on April 16, 2014, but nine are still missing. Relatives, some of whom who are watching from two fishing boats just outside the operation area, are hoping that those remains will be found inside the ferry.

\"I can see it. I can see where my daughter is,\" Park Eun-mi, the mother of a missing 17-year-old girl, told a television crew as her boat approached the salvaging site on Wednesday. Lee Geum-hee, the mother of another missing student, said, \"We just want one thing \u2014 for the ship to be pulled up so that we can take our children home.\"

Once the ferry reaches a port 90 kilometers (55 miles) away in the city of Mokpo, in about two weeks, workers will begin clearing the mud and debris and search for the remains of the missing victims. An investigation committee will also be formed to search for clues that could further explain the cause of the sinking, which has been blamed on overloaded cargo, improper storage and other negligence.

The ferry's captain survived and is serving a life sentence after a court found him guilty of committing homicide through \"willful negligence\" because he fled the ship without issuing an evacuation order.

Park was forced to defend herself against accusations that she was out of contact for several hours on the day of the sinking. The allegations were included in an impeachment bill lawmakers passed against Park in December, amid broader corruption suspicions.

Park was formally removed from office by the Constitutional Court earlier this month. She is now under criminal investigation over suspicions that she conspired with a confidante to extort money and favors from companies and allow the friend to secretly interfere with state affairs.

South Korea in 2015 agreed to an 85.1 billion won ($76 million) deal with a consortium led by China's state-run Shanghai Salvage Co. to raise the Sewol.

The government initially planned to salvage the ferry by the end of last year, but the process was delayed due to strong currents and unfavorable weather conditions.

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PHOENIX (AP) \u2014 The parents of a 9-year-old boy who was shot in the head in their Phoenix home put off calling 911 as they cleaned up evidence in multiple rooms of the house, police said Wednesday, calling it a case that \"shocks your conscience.\"

Wendy Lavarnia told police that her 2-year-old son found a gun left on a bed and accidentally shot his older brother Monday. Police cast doubt on her story as they launched a murder investigation involving the 28-year-old woman and her ex-convict husband, Kansas Lavarnia.

Police began to become suspicious of the mother's story when they found inconsistencies in her account and when the boy's father showed up at the home with a crudely bandaged gunshot wound on his upper arm.

The wound looked to have been punctured multiple times, possibly with a screwdriver, to camouflage the injury, authorities said.

Police declined to specify the mother's inconsistencies or say who they think shot the boy and his father. It's unclear whether the couple is represented by lawyers who can speak on their behalf.

Authorities said the parents delayed medical care for their son to clean up evidence in the house. Police declined to say whether they believe the boy would be alive had authorities been alerted sooner.

A probable-cause statement filed by police says the lack of visible blood and the extent of blood residue implied that a significant amount of time passed before authorities were called.

\"We have a 9-year-old critically wounded, shot in the head, in dire need of lifesaving efforts and care, which was delayed and not provided to this young man,\" police Sgt. Vince Lewis said. \"It definitely shocks your conscience.\"

Lewis declined to specify the efforts taken to clean up evidence in several rooms at the house.

The father's appearance at the home three hours after officers started investigating was suspicious because he was injured, Lewis said. Police say they found evidence of blood in the trunk of the vehicle that Kansas Lavarnia drove to the house.

He was booked on suspicion of first-degree murder, child abuse and hindering prosecution, while Wendy Lavarnia was booked on suspicion of first-degree murder, court documents said. Prosecutors have not yet filed charges.

In a court appearance before her son died, the mother asked a judge whether she could go to the hospital to see the boy, but the judge said she could not leave jail without posting bond. Kansas Lavarnia's only statements in court were responses to questions about his name and date of birth.

They are now being held in lieu of $1 million bond each.

Kansas Lavarnia had originally been booked on weapons misconduct. He was barred from having a gun in the home because of three 2009 convictions for theft and possession of burglary tools. He completed a three-year prison sentence in 2012.

He blamed his convictions on a longstanding addiction to pain medications, saying he started taking the drugs after he broke his back in an ATV accident when he was 15, according to court records.

He said he was sober from 18 to 21 but later resumed using pain medications. Once such drugs got too expensive, he turned to cheaper illegal drugs, using cocaine and heroin for a few years, records say.

Neighbors of the couple said the children could sometimes be seen outside wearing only a diaper.

\"Their kids were always running in the front with their diapers on,\" said Marie Mosley, who lives next door. \"They always yelled and cussed at them, which I didn't think was right, to cuss at little babies like that.\"

Mosley also was surprised when she saw the mother emerge from the house showing little emotion, considering her child had just been shot in the head and taken away by paramedics.

The couple's three surviving children are in the care of the state's child-welfare agency.

The district where the shooting victim attended school said in a statement released to parents Wednesday that he was a kind, smart and creative boy who was friends with all. Landen Lavarnia was a second-grader at Sahuaro Elementary School.

The school said Landen Lavarnia always helped his classmates when working on group projects and that he was a clever boy.

\"Our hearts are absolutely broken,\" principal Deb Menendez said in the statement.

Kansas Lavarnia's first conviction stemmed from a January 2009 arrest when he was seen crouched down in a car outside a home where $480 in property had been stolen. The victim recognized the driver as Lavarnia, who used to clean fish tanks for the victim, authorities said.

Seven months later, police say Lavarnia tried to steal a sports car in his apartment complex and used tools in a bid to tamper with the vehicle's ignition.

A month later, Lavarnia used a friend's stolen driver's license to withdraw $4,500 out of his bank account, investigators said. Lavarnia told authorities he was abusing drugs at the time and wasn't thinking clearly, court records said.

___

Associated Press writer Clarice Silber contributed to this report.

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WESTON, Wis. (AP) \u2014 A police officer and three other people were shot and killed when a domestic dispute at a bank escalated into shootings at three locations in northern Wisconsin on Wednesday, investigators said. A suspect was in custody.

The shootings happened at a bank, a law firm and an apartment complex, where officers, including a SWAT team, had a standoff with the suspect for several hours before ending in a volley of gunfire around 5 p.m.

Authorities took no questions in a brief news conference late Wednesday and gave no details on the four victims or suspect. They said there was no remaining threat to the public. Jason Smith, a deputy administrator for the state Department of Justice's Division of Criminal Investigation, said more than 100 officers were investigating and more information would be released Thursday.

The violence unfolded in a cluster of small towns south of Wausau, about 90 miles west of Green Bay. The officer worked for Everest Metro, a small, 27-officer force that serves Schofield and Weston.

\"I would like to send all my thoughts and ask everybody listening, 'Thoughts and prayers to all the victims and their families.' Everest Metro Chief Wally Sparks said. \"Please keep them in your prayers and be with our officers.\"

The first shooting was reported shortly after midday at Marathon Savings Bank in nearby Rothschild. Officers responding a reported \"domestic situation\" at the bank arrived to find two people had been shot. They said the suspect was gone when they arrived.

A second call came about 10 minutes later from the Tlusty, Kennedy and Dirks law firm in nearby Schofield. The third shooting happened at 1:30 p.m. from an apartment complex in Weston.

A woman who lives in the complex said she looked out her apartment window at the complex about 1:15 p.m. to see a squad car approach, and a few seconds later heard a gunshot and saw the officer fall. Kelly Hanson, 21, told The Associated Press she saw other officers put the wounded policeman in an armored SWAT vehicle and take him away, but she could not tell if he was alive or dead.

\"I thought, what is going on? I know what a gun sounds like, and thought 'This isn't good,'\" Hanson said. She said she stayed in her apartment until about 4:45 p.m. when she heard a volley of about 10 shots and began to \"freak out.\" Authorities eventually let her leave her apartment.

\"It's tragic that had to happen, but I think they did a good job out here today,\" Hanson said.

SWAT members entered the apartment building about 2:30 p.m., the Wausau Daily Herald reported. Nearby schools and a hospital went on lockdown. The lockdowns were later lifted.

Susan Thompson, a resident of the building, told the newspaper she heard gunshots and heard someone scream. As she left her apartment, police called to her to get inside and lock her doors. Thompson, 21, said she had her 2-year-old daughter in the apartment. Officers later came to her door and helped her and her daughter outside, she said.

Omar Sey, 31, who said he had just moved to the apartment complex, learned of the shooting after he arrived home to find dozens of squad cars outside. Sey, who said he had moved to Wisconsin from Gambia, said he didn't understand why such things happen in America.

\"This is crazy,\" he said. \"You have everything at your disposal. Why don't you make your life better instead of engaging in this.\"

___

This version of the story corrects the location of the apartment complex. Police now say it is in Weston, not Schofield. This also corrects day of week to Wednesday instead of Thursday.

___

Associated Press reporters Jeff Baenen, Doug Glass and Steve Karnowski contributed to this report from Minneapolis.

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(AP Photo/Matt Rourke)","byline":"Matt Rourke","hireswidth":null,"hiresheight":null,"hiresurl":null,"presentation":null,"versions":{"full":{"type":"image/jpeg","width":"512","height":"341","url":"http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/tucson.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/4/70/47068622-4ae5-534c-a802-8411caa3e4b4/58d32fc439320.image.jpg?resize=512%2C341"},"100": {"type":"image/jpeg","width":"100","height":"67","url":"http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/tucson.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/4/70/47068622-4ae5-534c-a802-8411caa3e4b4/58d32fc439320.image.jpg?resize=100%2C67"},"300": {"type":"image/jpeg","width":"300","height":"200","url":"http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/tucson.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/4/70/47068622-4ae5-534c-a802-8411caa3e4b4/58d32fc439320.image.jpg?resize=300%2C200"},"1024":{"type":"image/jpeg","width":"1024","height":"682","url":"http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/tucson.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/4/70/47068622-4ae5-534c-a802-8411caa3e4b4/58d32fc439320.image.jpg"}}}],"revision":16,"commentID":"ec3fb8d1-2f2d-50d5-aa92-7530ff50997c","body":"

PHILADELPHIA (AP) \u2014 Philadelphia's top prosecutor pleaded not guilty to federal bribery and extortion charges on Wednesday as pressure mounted from the mayor and others for him to resign.

Democratic District Attorney Seth Williams appeared cool and calm as he entered his plea in a courtroom full of reporters. Williams admits he took more than $100,000 in luxury trips, gifts and cash while in office as he went through an expensive divorce. However, his lawyer vowed they would fight charges that he promised any legal breaks in return, a quid pro quo that would render the gifts bribes.

Mayor Jim Kenney called it \"deeply shameful\" that Williams \"has been implicated in such a flagrant violation of the law.\"

\"At a time when our citizens' trust in government is at an all-time low, it is disheartening to see yet another elected official give the public a reason not to trust us,\" said Kenney, a fellow Democrat. \"That this comes at the head of our justice system is even more troubling.\"

Williams was released on $50,000 bond after a brief hearing. He was fingerprinted by the FBI and surrendered his passport. No trial date was set. He cannot leave eastern Pennsylvania without permission.

Williams, 50, is the city's first black district attorney. He was adopted into a middle-class family as an infant and attended Georgetown Law School before launching his ambitious career.

He is accused of taking five-star Caribbean trips, free flights and $9,000 in cash from a businessman who sought help with a friend's criminal case. The man, whose company sold prepaid phone cards, also sought his help bypassing enhanced airport security during frequent overseas trips, authorities said.

\"I need the info ... case number, agent anything so I can write a letter to the correct person of supervisory authority,\" Williams texted the businessman, a foreign national born in the Middle East. \"I want there to be a letter in your file from the D.A. of Philadelphia.\"

Williams also is accused of helping a gift-giving bar owner and his brother seek a liquor license despite the brother's criminal conviction and spending $20,000 meant for his mother's nursing home care.

The prosecutor belatedly reported on ethics forms last year that he had accepted more than $160,000 in gifts or services from friends, including a new roof on his home, $21,000 in flights and a family stay in Key West, Florida, at the home of a city defense lawyer. The filings, which came after the FBI started investigating, cost him a record $62,000 in city fines. The federal investigation then spiraled, listing additional gifts that authorities said came with strings attached.

Williams, who makes $175,000 a year in the top job, said he tried to keep his daughters in private school and their family home after the divorce. At the same time, he frequented cigar bars and private city clubs, and his love life made headlines when a girlfriend vandalized his city car outside his home.

Defense lawyer Michael Diamondstein said pundits should avoid a rush to judgment. He did not say if Williams would resign.

\"Simply because the government makes explosive allegations in a complaint doesn't mean they are going to prove it in a court of law,\" Diamondstein said after the arraignment, as Williams ducked into a waiting car.

Williams, announcing last month that he would not run for a third term, had said he regretted \"mistakes in my personal life and in my personal financial life.\"

Seven Democrats and a Republican are now running for his job.

"}, {"id":"e25b0d88-a228-54ee-bd19-08c0622554e6","type":"article","starttime":"1490234390","starttime_iso8601":"2017-03-22T18:59:50-07:00","lastupdated":"1490235382","priority":0,"sections":[{"national":"news/national"}],"flags":{"ap":"true"},"application":"editorial","title":"The Latest: School: 9-year-old boy shot was kind, creative","url":"http://tucson.com/news/national/article_e25b0d88-a228-54ee-bd19-08c0622554e6.html","permalink":"http://tucson.com/news/national/the-latest-school--year-old-boy-shot-was-kind/article_e25b0d88-a228-54ee-bd19-08c0622554e6.html","canonical":"http://www.apnewsarchive.com/2017/The-school-district-where-a-9-year-old-boy-who-was-fatally-shot-in-his-home-Monday-attended-the-second-grade-says-he-was-a-kind-smart-and-creative-boy-who-was-friends-with-all/id-6c20dc42c55d4994996a2e01bfc4f319","relatedAssetCounts":{"article":0,"audio":0,"image":0,"link":0,"vmix":0,"youtube":0,"gallery":0},"prologue":"PHOENIX (AP) \u2014 The Latest on the fatal shooting of a 9-year-old Phoenix boy (all times local):","supportsComments":true,"commentCount":0,"keywords":["wire","general news","violent crime","crime","child abuse","crimes against children","homicide","shootings"],"internalKeywords":["#lee","#ap"],"customProperties":{},"presentation":null,"revision":5,"commentID":"e25b0d88-a228-54ee-bd19-08c0622554e6","body":"

PHOENIX (AP) \u2014 The Latest on the fatal shooting of a 9-year-old Phoenix boy (all times local):

6:57 p.m.

The Arizona Department of Child Safety says it investigated the parents of a 9-year-old boy who was fatally shot in his home on two occasions.

The agency says it investigated the family after two children were born exposed to \"substance.\"

The second case was closed in June 2016 after the family successfully completed services.

The parents of Landen Lavarnia, Wendy and Kansas Lavarnia, are facing first-degree murder charges in the boy's death.

Police say there's evidence the parents cleaned up the home and waited an undisclosed amount of time before calling police after the shooting.

It's unclear who fired the shot.

____

5:57 p.m.

The school district where a 9-year-old boy who was fatally shot in his home attended the second grade says he was a kind, smart and creative boy who was friends with all.

Washington Elementary School District said in a letter to parents on Wednesday that Landen Lavarnia was enrolled at Sahuaro Elementary School. They said he was \"a very sweet\" and kind boy who was also very smart, creative and helpful to his classmates.

Landen Lavarnia's parents have been arrested on suspicion of first-degree murder. His mother, Wendy Lavarnia, told police that her 2-year-old son accidentally shot his brother on Monday.

Police said Wednesday that there's evidence that blood in the home was cleaned up before they were called.

___

4:15 p.m.

Police say they have found inconsistencies in a Phoenix woman's account of how her son was fatally shot in her home.

Wendy Lavarnia told police that her 2-year-old son got hold of a 9 mm handgun that was sitting on a bed Monday and shot his 9-year-old brother.

Police said Wednesday that there's evidence that blood in the home was cleaned up before they were called.

Police spokesman Vince Lewis says Lavarnia and the boy's father, Kansas Lavarnia, are accused of murder in delaying medical care for the critically injured boy.

Lewis declined to say whether investigators believe the mother's statement was accurate. He also wouldn't say who's believed to have shot the boy or detail the inconsistencies in the mother's account.

It's unclear whether the couple has lawyers.

___

11:45 a.m.

A Phoenix couple whose 9-year-old son was shot and killed are now accused of first-degree murder, with police saying there's evidence that blood in the home was cleaned up before they were called.

Wendy Lavarnia has told investigators that her 2-year-old son picked up her loaded gun and shot the older boy, which is repeated in an updated probable cause statement released Wednesday.

The statement also says the boy's father had a crudely bandaged gunshot wound on his upper arm when he came home after police arrived. It says authorities found evidence in the home of cleaned-up blood residue.

Court documents say the father, Kansas Lavarnia, is accused of first-degree murder, child abuse and hindering prosecution, while Wendy Lavarnia is accused of first-degree murder.

She previously was suspected of child abuse, while Kansas Lavarnia had been booked on weapons misconduct.

Judges ordered both held in lieu of $1 million bond each. They haven't yet been charged.

This post has been updated with the correct spelling of Lavarnia throughout.

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WACO, Texas (AP) \u2014 A former Baylor football player has been arrested after a grand jury indicted him on three second-degree felony sexual assault counts arising from a 2013 incident while he was with the Bears.

The Waco Tribune-Herald (http://bit.ly/2n8Zp0j ) reports former tight end Tre'Von Armstead was arrested Wednesday near his hometown of Port Arthur. The McLennan County grand jury handed down the indictment last week but it remained sealed until Wednesday.

Armstead was jailed in Beaumont with bonds totaling $150,000. Jail records listed no attorney for the 22-year-old.

The indictment alleges Armstead forced a woman to perform sex acts in mid-April 2013.

Last week, Armstead was arrested in Las Vegas and charged with domestic battery, resisting arrest and damaging a police vehicle after a disturbance between Armstead and a woman.

Ten women have sued Baylor, alleging the university was indifferent to their sexually assault complaints while students.

___

Information from: Waco Tribune-Herald, http://www.wacotrib.com

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WASHINGTON (AP) \u2014 Private communications of Donald Trump and his presidential transition team may have been scooped up by American intelligence officials monitoring other targets and improperly distributed throughout spy agencies, the chairman of the House intelligence committee said Wednesday \u2014 an extraordinary public airing of often-secret information that brought swift protests from Democrats.

Republican Rep. Devin Nunes' comments led the committee's ranking Democrat, Adam Schiff, to renew his party's calls for an independent probe of Trump campaign links to Russia in addition to the GOP-led panel's investigation. Schiff also said he had seen \"more than circumstantial evidence\" that Trump associates colluded with Russia.

In back-to-back news conferences at the Capitol and then the White House \u2014 where he had privately briefed the president \u2014 Nunes said he was concerned by officials' handling of the communications in the waning days of the Obama administration.

He said the surveillance was conducted legally and did not appear to be related to the current FBI investigation into Trump associates' contacts with Russia or with any criminal warrants. And the revelations, he said, did nothing to change his assessment that Trump's explosive allegations about wiretaps at Trump Tower were false.

Still, the White House immediately seized on his statements in what appeared to be a coordinated public display.

Moments after Nunes spoke on Capitol Hill, Trump spokesman Sean Spicer read his statements from the White House briefing room podium. The California congressman quickly headed up Pennsylvania Avenue to personally brief the president and to address reporters outside the West Wing. Nunes' decision to brief the president was particularly unusual, given Trump almost certainly has access to the information from his intelligence agencies.

Rep. Jackie Speier, D-Calif., said Nunes' disclosure could be a \"weapon of mass distraction\" in light of allegations of coordination between Russians and the Trump campaign during the 2016 campaign against Democrat Hillary Clinton.

\"This could be a lot of theatrics,\" said Speier, also a member of the House intelligence committee.

\"This is a bizarre situation,\" Sen. John McCain, R-Ariz., said in an interview on MSNBC. \"I'm calling for a select committee because I think this back-and-forth shows that Congress no longer has the credibility handle this alone.\"

Outside the White House, Nunes said, \"What I've read bothers me, and I think it should bother the president himself and his team.\"

Trump said he felt \"somewhat\" vindicated by the Republican's revelations. \"I very much appreciated the fact that they found what they found,\" he said.

The disclosure came two days after FBI Director James Comey publicly confirmed the bureau's own investigation into the Trump campaign's connections with Russia and rejected Trump's explosive claims that President Barack Obama wiretapped his New York skyscraper during the election. Comey's comments came during the intelligence committee's first public hearing on Russia's election interference, an investigation being overseen by Nunes.

Nunes briefed reporters on the new information without consulting with Schiff, and that did not sit well with the top Democrat on the committee.

Schiff declared he now has \"profound doubt\" about the integrity and independence of the committee's probe. He said that \"a credible investigation cannot be conducted this way.\"

Later, in an interview with MSNBC, Schiff said evidence \"that is not circumstantial and is very much worthy of an investigation\" exists of Trump associates colluding with Russia as it interfered in last year's election. He did not outline that evidence.

Nunes said he believed the Trump team's communications were caught \"incidentally.\" But he suggested the contents may have been inappropriately disseminated in intelligence reports. He left open the possibility the communications were spread for political reasons. Nunes would not disclose how he received the new information.

It was unclear whether Trump's own communications were monitored. Nunes initially said \"yes\" when asked if Trump was among those swept up in the intelligence monitoring, but then said it was only \"possible.\"

It's common for Americans to get caught up in U.S. surveillance of foreigners, such as foreign diplomats in the U.S. talking to an American. Typically, the American's name would not be revealed in a report about the intercepted communications. However, if there is a foreign intelligence value to revealing the American's name, it is \"unmasked\" and shared with other intelligence analysts who are working on related foreign intelligence surveillance.

Schiff disputed Nunes' suggestions that there was improper \"unmasking.\" He said that after speaking with Nunes, it appeared that the names of Americans were still guarded in the intercepts though their identities could be gleaned from the materials.

Obama administration officials disputed the suggestion that the outgoing administration was improperly monitoring its successors. Ned Price, who served as spokesman for Obama's National Security Council, said Nunes' assertions \"were nothing more than an attempt to offer a lifeline to a White House caught in its own netting following President Trump's baseless tweets.\"

Matthew Waxman, a national security law professor at Columbia University, said Nunes' actions \"in this case are contributing to, rather than alleviating concerns, about politicization of intelligence.\"

Nunes said the information on the Trump team was collected in November, December and January, the period after the election when Trump was holding calls with foreign leaders, interviewing potential Cabinet secretaries and beginning to sketch out administration policy. He said the monitored material was \"widely disseminated\" in intelligence reports.

Asked whether he believed the transition team had been spied on, Nunes said: \"It all depends on one's definition of spying.\"

Nunes did not identify any of the Trump associates he said were \"unmasked,\" but they are believed to include Michael Flynn, who was fired as White House national security adviser after misleading Vice President Mike Pence and other top officials about his contacts with Russia's ambassador to the United States.

___

AP writers Eileen Sullivan and Eric Tucker contributed to this report.

___

Follow Julie Pace at http://twitter.com/jpaceDC and Deb Riechmann at http://twitter.com/debriechmann

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Producer Ivan Reitman has confirmed there is both a 'Ghostbusters' live-action and animated film in the works.

The 70-year-old filmmaker - who produced the two original 'Ghostbusters' movies in 1984 and 1989 - has revealed there are several plans to expand the blockbuster sci-fi franchise with the live adaptation and animated features being just the tip of the iceberg for what they have in store.

Reitman told website iO9: \"We jumped into an animated film [after the last movie] and we are developing [a] live-action film. I want to bring all these stories together as a universe that makes sense within itself. Part of my job right now is to do that.\"

It's not known if the new movies will be a sequel to the 2016 all-female version - which starred Melissa McCarthy, Kristen Wiig, Kate McKinnon and Leslie Jones - or whether Sony and Ghost Corps will finally cast Chris Pratt and Channing Tatum in an entirely new film.

In 2015, Reitman and director Dan Aykroyd revealed they were planning on expanding the franchise further, including a movie featuring 'Magic Mike XXL' star Tatum.

At the time, Reitman said: \"We want to expand the 'Ghostbusters' universe in ways that will include different films, TV shows, merchandise, all things that are part of modern filmed entertainment.

\"This is a branded entertainment, a scary supernatural premise mixed with comedy. Paul Feig's film will be the first version of that, shooting in June to come out in July 2016. He's got four of the funniest women in the world, and there will be other surprises to come.\"

Tatum was, at the time, linked to producing and featuring as a protagonist in one of the films and 'Mission: Impossible 5' scriptwriter Drew Pearce was also rumoured to be part of the project after a series of Sony emails leaked last year.

Ivan said: \"The second film has a wonderful idea that builds on that. Drew will start writing and the hope is to be ready for the Russo Brothers' next window next summer to shoot, with the movie coming out the following year. It's just the beginning of what I hope will be a lot of wonderful movies.\"

\"My primary focus will be to build the Ghostbusters into the universe it always promised it might become. The original film is beloved, as is the cast, and we hope to create films we will continue to love.\"

"}, {"id":"f8055fb6-b48a-5a84-9d76-eb34b34b8dfa","type":"article","starttime":"1490231190","starttime_iso8601":"2017-03-22T18:06:30-07:00","lastupdated":"1490234520","priority":0,"sections":[{"columnists":"opinion/columnists"},{"columnists":"news/opinion/columnists"}],"flags":{"ap":"true"},"application":"editorial","title":"Why polls seem to struggle to get it right \u2013 on elections and everything else","url":"http://tucson.com/opinion/columnists/article_f8055fb6-b48a-5a84-9d76-eb34b34b8dfa.html","permalink":"http://tucson.com/opinion/columnists/why-polls-seem-to-struggle-to-get-it-right-on/article_f8055fb6-b48a-5a84-9d76-eb34b34b8dfa.html","canonical":"https://theconversation.com/why-polls-seem-to-struggle-to-get-it-right-on-elections-and-everything-else-73579","relatedAssetCounts":{"article":0,"audio":0,"image":0,"link":0,"vmix":0,"youtube":0,"gallery":0},"byline":"Daniel Alexander\nDrake University","prologue":"Daniel Alexander, Drake University","supportsComments":true,"commentCount":0,"keywords":["wire","presidential elections","national elections","elections","government and politics","2016 united states presidential election","united states presidential election","political approval ratings","public opinion","social affairs","state elections","demographics","2012 united states presidential election"],"internalKeywords":["#lee","#ap"],"customProperties":{},"presentation":null,"revision":2,"commentID":"f8055fb6-b48a-5a84-9d76-eb34b34b8dfa","body":"

Daniel Alexander, Drake University

(THE CONVERSATION) I am a professor of mathematics, so my ears perk up when I hear someone say that polls seem inaccurate.

The public understandably focuses on polling results and how much these results seem to vary. Take two presidential approval polls from March 21. Polling firm Rasmussen Reports reported that 50 percent of Americans approve of President Donald Trump\u2019s performance, while, that same day, Gallup stated that only 37 percent do. In late February, the website FiveThirtyEight listed 18 other presidential approval polls in which Trump\u2019s approval ratings ranged from 39 percent to 55 percent.

Some of these pollsters queried likely voters, some registered voters and others adults, regardless of their voting status. Almost half of the polls relied on phone calls, another half on online polling and a few used a mix of the two. Further complicating matters, it\u2019s not entirely clear how calling cellphones or landlines affects a poll\u2019s results.

Each of these choices has a consequence, and the range of results attests to the degree that these choices can influence results.

Polling is what mathematicians might call a \u201cblack art,\u201d a tongue-in-cheek way of saying it does not have the precision of pure mathematics. This perspective offers some insight into why polls appear divided, contradictory, or even flat-out wrong \u2013 such as those in the recent presidential election.

In my view, the popular sense that polls are inaccurate stems not from poor polling practices, but from assumptions that both pollsters and the public make. For polls to be more useful to consumers, we need to understand their limitations. The practice of polling and how results are communicated could be improved to build better trust with consumers.

Led astray

Like many of you, I watched TV on the evening of Nov. 8 in increasing disbelief. I had closely followed FiveThirtyEight\u2019s projections throughout the election season. The site used hundreds of state presidential preference polls to model the election\u2019s outcome. Its poll-based projections have a stellar track record: Between the 2008 and 2012 presidential elections, FiveThirtyEight correctly forecast the victor in every state but one, as well as Washington, D.C.

While FiveThirtyEight\u2019s final projections assigned a 71 to 72 percent probability to Hillary Clinton\u2019s victory, it wasn\u2019t as bullish on her chances as other poll-based models. The New York Times model gave Clinton an 85 percent chance of winning. The Princeton Election Consortium put Clinton\u2019s probability of victory at greater than 99 percent.

Trump\u2019s \u201csurprise\u201d victory led many to wonder how the polls and the models that use them got things so wrong.

At the national level, however, the polls did get it right. The final average of national polls at RealClearPolitics had Hillary Clinton ahead by 3.2 percent nationally. Clinton won the popular vote by roughly 2.1 percent, well within the margin of error.

The presidential election is not decided by national votes, but rather at the state level. If the polls did err, it was in a handful of electorally important states. The majority of the poll-based models listed on The New York Times site, including those of FiveThirtyEight and the Princeton Election Consortium, projected that Clinton would win the pivotal states of Florida, Michigan, North Carolina, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin. Most polls in these states put Clinton ahead as well. If Clinton lost two, or even three, of these states, she could still win.

When the results came in, many of us reacted with shock. Had we more closely attended to the implications of the margin of error, we would perhaps not have.

The margin of error

Every poll has a margin of error. The margin of error means that the true number is not necessarily the reported result, but is within a given range.

Pollsters include a margin of error because they are polling a tiny sample of the voting public. While pollsters do an excellent job of making sure their sample is representative of the voting public, it is rarely a perfect mirror, so there is inevitably error.

In other words, true support for a candidate could fall anywhere within a given range of the poll\u2019s results.

For example, the Democratic polling firm Public Policy Polling sampled 957 likely Michigan voters over two days in November, placing Clinton in the lead over Trump, 46 percent to 41 percent. The poll listed a 3.2 percent margin of error.

So, rather than a simple total, the polls provide a range of possible outcomes. The margin of error implied Clinton\u2019s support level was between 42.8 and 49.2 percent \u2013 that is, 46 percent plus or minus the margin of error. Trump\u2019s, likewise, lay between 37.8 and 44.2 percent.

It is entirely possible that both candidates\u2019 votes could be in the overlap of their respective ranges. It is here that scenarios exist where Trump is ahead in Michigan. Most November polls in Florida, Michigan, North Carolina, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin had Clinton ahead, but, in almost every case, the final results fell within a poll\u2019s margins of error.

It is quite natural to see a headline saying that Clinton leads in a poll and conclude that she is indeed ahead. But a correct interpretation of that result can include the possibility that she may not be. To be a savvy reader of polls requires knowing about polling\u2019s inherent limitations.

Hidden assumptions

Polling is limited because pollsters make assumptions, including assumptions about likely voters and demographics. Out of necessity, these assumptions are based on voting patterns from past elections.

Pollsters need to project with a great deal of precision the final voting percentage of each of the subpopulations that compose the electorate. Since polling occurs before an election, it is no easy task to predict, for example, how many white working-class men will vote. Likewise, it is extremely difficult to know the degree to which the prospect of electing a black president drew African-Americans to the polls in 2008 and 2012. Pollsters have to make assumptions about these kinds of things, and each assumption introduces potential error.

The different assumptions polls make about their samples helps explain the broad range of results we saw in the Trump approval ratings.

It also may help explain why, during the election, Trump outperformed the polls in battleground states. His support was high among white working-class voters, who evidently came to the polls in greater numbers than expected. Clinton hoped that black voters would turn out close to how they did in 2008 or 2012, which did not occur. Trump\u2019s margin of victory in the pivotal states of Michigan, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin was roughly 77,000 votes out of 15 million cast.

Very slight changes in demographic assumptions could have accounted for these 77,000 votes and resulted in polls that put Trump ahead.

Hedging your bets

There are ways to hedge against error. Baseball teams like the Chicago Cubs and the Boston Red Sox mix sophisticated analytics with an \u201ceye test\u201d: that is, the input of old baseball hands who rely on observation and feel rather than pure numbers.

Much in the same way, pollsters and modelers could try mixing in human elements. For example, to find out more about personality traits that might impact electability, the Cook Political Report incorporates personal interviews with candidates into their projections of House races. Pollsters could also try to gauge the enthusiasm of a presidential candidate\u2019s supporters by measuring social media activity or public signs.

Another way to improve a poll\u2019s accuracy would be to offer multiple demographic models. For example, Public Policy Polling could have used three different models for its Michigan poll, each based on different demographic assumptions. One might assume black turnout as being the same as the previous presidential election; the second could assume a slightly greater turnout; and the third a smaller one. While these kinds of results might resist easy reduction to a headline, they would provide a richer range of possibilities and perhaps fewer surprises.

Some poll-based models hedge against error by considering other factors, such as their own demographic analyses, incumbent approval ratings and economic indicators. Stating their results as a probability also serves to highlight the uncertainty involved. But they are still based on polls.

An apt analogy is another way to hedge. On the morning of the election, The New York Times observed that Clinton\u2019s chances of winning were roughly the same that a professional field goal kicker will make a 37-yard field goal.

But even the best kickers sometimes miss.

This article was originally published on The Conversation. Read the original article here: http://theconversation.com/why-polls-seem-to-struggle-to-get-it-right-on-elections-and-everything-else-73579.

"}, {"id":"7bd048fd-4b73-503a-8354-908a9668f2b1","type":"article","starttime":"1490231168","starttime_iso8601":"2017-03-22T18:06:08-07:00","lastupdated":"1490234520","priority":0,"sections":[{"columnists":"opinion/columnists"},{"columnists":"news/opinion/columnists"}],"flags":{"ap":"true"},"application":"editorial","title":"What's the point of an ethics course?","url":"http://tucson.com/opinion/columnists/article_7bd048fd-4b73-503a-8354-908a9668f2b1.html","permalink":"http://tucson.com/opinion/columnists/what-s-the-point-of-an-ethics-course/article_7bd048fd-4b73-503a-8354-908a9668f2b1.html","canonical":"https://theconversation.com/whats-the-point-of-an-ethics-course-74025","relatedAssetCounts":{"article":0,"audio":0,"image":0,"link":0,"vmix":0,"youtube":0,"gallery":0},"byline":"Cassandra Burke Robertson\nCase Western Reserve University","prologue":"Cassandra Burke Robertson, Case Western Reserve University","supportsComments":true,"commentCount":0,"keywords":["wire","cabinet appointments and nominations","cabinets","government and politics","government appointments and nominations","political scandals","political issues","political corruption","political ethics"],"internalKeywords":["#lee","#ap"],"customProperties":{},"presentation":null,"revision":2,"commentID":"7bd048fd-4b73-503a-8354-908a9668f2b1","body":"

Cassandra Burke Robertson, Case Western Reserve University

(THE CONVERSATION) Earlier in March, news broke that the White House had declined to award a contract for an ethics course aimed at senior staffers, Cabinet nominees and others holding political appointments in the Trump administration.

The decision made news because the Trump administration was already under fire for alleged ethical lapses. National Security Adviser Michael Flynn resigned after allegedly failing to disclose information about his lobbying work and his communications with Russia; Attorney General Jeff Sessions recused himself from investigations into Russian interference with the election after news stories revealed that he had also met with Russian officials; and the United States Office of Government Ethics recommended that the White House consider disciplinary action against adviser Kellyanne Conway for using her position to endorse Ivanka Trump\u2019s branded merchandise.

Media reports said the Trump team saw the decision to scrap the ethics training, previously adopted by both the Bush and Obama administrations, as improving efficiency: the program was estimated to cost one million dollars, and could be seen as wasteful because staff had already been through ethics training before the inauguration.

A White House spokesperson responding to the news reports stated that the White House would continue to provide direct instruction on the standards the officials were expected to follow.

I am a scholar of legal ethics who has studied ethical decision-making in the political sphere. My research suggests that when individuals are blinded by an unconscious partisan bias \u2013 such as highly committed presidential staff in the White House \u2013 it can result in a failure to recognize ethical issues. They may act in ways that accidentally undermine their own political interests.

Ethics courses, in other words, can make a difference.

Here\u2019s how this works

Attorneys, for example, often overestimate the strength of their client\u2019s position. A sense of kinship between attorney and client can be good to the extent that the attorney is able to see through the client\u2019s eyes and work toward the client\u2019s goals.

But this same closeness can hurt the client when it goes too far \u2013 the attorney can come to share the client\u2019s blind spots. My research suggested that such partisan bias likely played a role in the Enron collapse, as legal advisers may have been too close to management to be able to offer the kind of neutral advice needed to identify the risks to the company.

I also argue that a similar dynamic was at play in the administration of President George W. Bush, when legal and political advisers drafted the so-called \u201cTorture Memos.\u201d These memos, drafted in 2002, purported to analyze what types of interrogation would be allowed under the Geneva Convention. They adopted a very narrow definition of \u201ctorture,\u201d ultimately concluding that activities traditionally considered unlawful torture could be legally implemented in the post-9/11 landscape. The memos were heavily criticized from both the left and the right, and were later withdrawn.

This problem of partisan bias is a common one. It has even become something of a clich\u00e9. Whenever a governmental or business scandal arises, one of the first questions asked is \u201cWhere were the lawyers?\u201d And perhaps counterintuitively, the problem only increases the higher an individual rises within a partisan group \u2013 it gets more difficult to see oneself through the eyes of outsiders.

There are many such high-profile cases, from the savings and loan scandal of the 1980s to an ongoing Volkswagen investigation over false emissions data. In all these cases, highly educated advisers, hired to make sure legal and ethical rules were followed, overlooked obvious red flags in practice.

The value of repetitive ethics training

My research suggests that regularly scheduled ethics training is beneficial even when it does not impart any new information, but merely emphasizes what employees already know.

This is because, in most situations, ethical dilemmas arise not from a situation where someone did not know the ethical rules in the abstract. Instead, they arise when individuals are unable to identify the relevant ethical principle in the event of a crisis. The partisan bias is a stumbling block that makes it harder for people to analyze a situation neutrally and to identify the relevant legal or ethical requirements.

Other scholars have suggested that regularly scheduled ethics training can help people recognize ethical dilemmas.

In an article \u201cCultures of Compliance,\u201d law professor Donald C. Langevoortwrites that communication about ethical obligations must be \u201cpersistent, unambiguously tied to the real choices managers make on a day-to-day basis.\u201d

Regularity of such communication is important. Merely hearing the rules a single time is not sufficient to be able to call on them in the heat of a crisis. Other organizational behavior researchers have found that timing matters in ethical decision-making.

Specifically, they found that the more time that elapses between thinking about ethical issues in the abstract and being confronted with a concrete ethical crisis, the more difficult it is for people to draw on their ethical understanding.

A mere one-time transmission of information about ethical obligations, in other words, is often not enough, especially if such training occurs long before the individual is confronted with an ethical dilemma.

By meeting regularly with others to discuss and consider the legal standards and ethical issues inherent in the professional context, individuals find that those issues become more salient \u2013 that is, they have a higher position in the individual\u2019s conscious awareness, making it easier for the individual to recognize ethical dilemmas and to draw on that ethical training when confronted with such a dilemma.

The political benefit

All the evidence points to the fact that most people tend to interpret their own behavior in the best possible light, even when their actions appear to violate their own moral convictions.

This is especially true when people consider themselves to be fundamentally moral individuals, as most do. And this sympathetic view carries over to those with whom we identify and for whom we share affinity.

Breaking through this partisan bias requires the ability to see how choices are likely to look to outsiders \u2013 an important skill for individuals seeking political favor. Failing to do so can backfire.

Ethical criticisms of the Trump White House have ultimately taken both a political and business toll. Polling suggests that a majority of Americans have a negative perception of President Trump\u2019s ethical compliance.

And after an initial sales spike, Ivanka Trump\u2019s clothing brand continues to struggle. The White House sought to defend Kellyanne Conway\u2019s statements by emphasizing that her endorsement of Ivanka Trump\u2019s clothing line was merely \u201cinadvertent,\u201d made \u201cwithout nefarious motive or intent to benefit personally\u201d in an attempt \u201cto stand up for a person she believed had been unfairly treated.\u201d

The value of regular \u2013 and even repetitive \u2013 ethics training is to steer clear of just this type of \u201cinadvertent\u201d error. It can help individuals look beyond their own partisan biases and more clearly see how actions taken in the political sphere are likely to be perceived by outsiders.

Voters, after all, are outsiders. Responding to ethical challenges in a way that breaks through the partisan bubble and resonates with the larger population has significant political value.

This article was originally published on The Conversation. Read the original article here: http://theconversation.com/whats-the-point-of-an-ethics-course-74025.

"}, {"id":"c2309f9e-a978-56ed-9f55-1677e5c77ebc","type":"article","starttime":"1490231162","starttime_iso8601":"2017-03-22T18:06:02-07:00","lastupdated":"1490234520","priority":0,"sections":[{"columnists":"opinion/columnists"},{"columnists":"news/opinion/columnists"}],"flags":{"ap":"true"},"application":"editorial","title":"How a study about Chronic Fatigue Syndrome was doctored, adding to pain and stigma","url":"http://tucson.com/opinion/columnists/article_c2309f9e-a978-56ed-9f55-1677e5c77ebc.html","permalink":"http://tucson.com/opinion/columnists/how-a-study-about-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-was-doctored-adding/article_c2309f9e-a978-56ed-9f55-1677e5c77ebc.html","canonical":"https://theconversation.com/how-a-study-about-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-was-doctored-adding-to-pain-and-stigma-74890","relatedAssetCounts":{"article":0,"audio":0,"image":0,"link":0,"vmix":0,"youtube":0,"gallery":0},"byline":"Steven Lubet\nNorthwestern University","prologue":"Steven Lubet, Northwestern University","supportsComments":true,"commentCount":0,"keywords":["wire","psychotherapy","diagnosis and treatment","health","chronic fatigue syndrome","diseases and conditions","medical research","physical fitness"],"internalKeywords":["#lee","#ap"],"customProperties":{},"presentation":null,"revision":2,"commentID":"c2309f9e-a978-56ed-9f55-1677e5c77ebc","body":"

Steven Lubet, Northwestern University

(THE CONVERSATION) The public relies on scientists to report their findings accurately and completely, but that does not always happen. Too often, researchers announce only their most favorable outcomes, while keeping more disappointing results well out of sight.

This phenomenon, first identified by the psychologist Robert Rosenthal in 1979, is called the \u201cfile drawer problem.\u201d Although it is widely recognized \u2013 affecting drug trials, psychology experiments and most other fields \u2013 it has seldom been documented, for obvious reasons. Suppressed results are, well, suppressed, and they are usually discovered only by chance.

It was therefore almost unprecedented when a group of patients, at the end of last year, successfully unmasked the skewed data behind an influential British study, first published in Lancet in 2011, of the devastating disease known as Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (sometimes called myalgic encephalomyelitis or ME/CFS).

My interest in this issue is both professional and personal. As a law professor, I have devoted much of my career to the study of judicial ethics, including the problem of implicit biases that can undermine the reliability of both court trials and clinical trials.

I have also been living with ME/CFS for over a decade, so I am acutely attuned to the need for responsible and transparent research on the illness. Unfortunately, the most extensive study of ME/CFS \u2013 called the PACE trial \u2013 was deeply flawed from its inception, in ways that the principal investigators have yet to acknowledge.

\u2018Dysfunctional\u2019 beliefs all too real for those in pain

The story began in 2005, when a group of psychiatrists set out to test their theory that ME/CFS is primarily a psychosocial illness, characterized by patients\u2019 \u201cunhelpful cognitions\u201d and their \u201cdysfunctional\u201d beliefs that their symptoms are caused by an organic disease.

Under this assumption, they recruited over 600 ME/CFS patients for the PACE trial and randomly divided them into four categories. One group was treated with cognitive behavior therapy (CBT), a form of psychotherapy that addresses patients\u2019 \u201cfalse perceptions\u201d of their illness, and a second group received graded exercise therapy (GET), which consisted of supervised increases in their activity levels. The other two groups were essentially controls, receiving neither of the treatments under study.

In a 2013 article in Psychological Medicine, the PACE team announced its most striking results. This follow-up article claimed that the therapy arms of the study \u2013 CBT and GET \u2013 had achieved impressive 22 percent recovery rates \u2013 not just improvement rates \u2013 as opposed to only seven or eight percent in the control arms.

The result was enthusiastically promoted in the press, but many patients were suspicious, especially of the GET outcomes, which contradicted their experience of debilitating crashes following the simple movements of daily life.

ME/CFS patients have consistently explained that exertion exacerbates their worst symptoms. For many, even moderate exercise can result in a days-long crash, in which they are nearly immobilized by muscle weakness and joint pain. In the U.S., post-exertional relapse has been recognized as the defining characteristic of the illness by the Centers for Disease Control, the National Institutes of Health and the Institute of Medicine.

For the PACE investigators, however, the announced recovery results validated their conviction that psychotherapy and exercise provided the key to reversing ME/CFS.

There was just one problem. A subsequent investigation found that the PACE investigators had changed the standard for recovery midstream, weakening one of the key criteria to the point that a subject could actually have gotten worse in the course of the trial and yet still count as \u201crecovered\u201d following supervised GET.

Unraveling the mystery

Here is how it worked, as shown by the investigation: At the outset of the trial, patients were recruited who scored at 65 or lower on a measure called the physical function score, and recovery was defined as achieving a subsequent score of 85 or higher, which indicates a relatively healthy person.

Before the unblinded trial was completed, however, the definition of recovery was reduced to a score of 60, which was below the level that qualified research subjects in the first place.

It was the change in this outcome measure (and several others) that allowed the PACE researchers to declare their favorable outcome for GET. The unimpressive results under the original protocol went unpublished, as though they had been stuck in a a figurative file drawer.

When the Psychological Medicine article was published in 2013, members of the patient community immediately pointed out the discrepancy. Because the study had been publicly funded, they sought the underlying data under the U.K.\u2019s Freedom of Information law. The PACE investigators refused to release any of the raw results.

In October 2015, David Tuller of the University of California at Berkeley published a lengthy expose of the PACE trial, pointing out the jiggered outcome measure, as detailed above, and many other flaws. His report attracted the attention of numerous American scientists who joined an open letter seeking an independent review of the PACE data.

Finally, in summer 2016, a British Freedom of Information tribunal ordered the PACE team to unlock the file drawer and disclose their raw data. A revelation followed.

Exaggerated recovery claims

A group of patients and scholars reanalyzed the PACE data according to the original determinants and, as suspected, the \u201crecoveries\u201d under CBT and GET all but disappeared. As they reported last December in a peer-reviewed medical journal, the recovery rate for CBT fell to seven percent and the rate for GET fell to four percent, which were statistically indistinguishable from the three percent rate for the untreated controls.

Thus, the PACE investigators proved nothing more than a familiar adage among statisticians: If you torture the data, they will confess anything.

Researchers in the U.S. and Australia have recently made great progress toward identifying biomarkers for ME/CFS, which may lead to an effective medical intervention. Over 100 prominent researchers, clinicians and organizations have called on Psychological Medicine to retract the PACE article, although the journal has not yet publicly responded.

Thanks to the original PACE announcement, however, graded exercise is still routinely prescribed throughout the U.S. and the U.K. despite reports that the treatments can cause intolerable pain and relapse. Those who question GET are often told that they must simply exercise more, no matter how badly they crash afterward.

It is bad enough to torture the data, but it is indefensible to torture patients based on manipulated results.

This article was originally published on The Conversation. Read the original article here: http://theconversation.com/how-a-study-about-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-was-doctored-adding-to-pain-and-stigma-74890.

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Fewer Japanese are taking their own lives, a glimmer of hope in a country with one of the world\u2019s highest suicide rates. \u201cNow we can talk about suicides,\u201d said Shimuzu. \u201cI believe the change in environment has made it easier for the needy to seek help.\u201d (AP Photo/Shizuo Kambayashi)","byline":"Shizuo Kambayashi","hireswidth":null,"hiresheight":null,"hiresurl":null,"presentation":null,"versions":{"full":{"type":"image/jpeg","width":"512","height":"340","url":"http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/tucson.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/a/df/adf55707-aeb1-5f13-85d9-33063f733af8/58d328c2493bf.image.jpg?resize=512%2C340"},"100": {"type":"image/jpeg","width":"100","height":"66","url":"http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/tucson.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/a/df/adf55707-aeb1-5f13-85d9-33063f733af8/58d328c2493bf.image.jpg?resize=100%2C66"},"300": {"type":"image/jpeg","width":"300","height":"199","url":"http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/tucson.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/a/df/adf55707-aeb1-5f13-85d9-33063f733af8/58d328c2493bf.image.jpg?resize=300%2C199"},"1024":{"type":"image/jpeg","width":"1024","height":"680","url":"http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/tucson.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/a/df/adf55707-aeb1-5f13-85d9-33063f733af8/58d328c2493bf.image.jpg"}}},{"id":"96992fc7-e27a-5e1e-8b98-fae0ed854061","description":"In this March 14, 2017 photo, Yutaka Motohashi, head of government-funded Japan Support Center for Suicide Countermeasures, speaks during an interview at his office in Kodaira, western suburb of Tokyo. Fewer Japanese are taking their own lives, a positive sign in a country with one of the world\u2019s highest suicide rates. The still-high suicide rate means Japan is a difficult place to live, a society that is not kind to troubled people, said Motohashi. (AP Photo/Mari Yamaguchi)","byline":"Mari Yamaguchi","hireswidth":null,"hiresheight":null,"hiresurl":null,"presentation":null,"versions":{"full":{"type":"image/jpeg","width":"512","height":"391","url":"http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/tucson.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/9/69/96992fc7-e27a-5e1e-8b98-fae0ed854061/58d328c26a7b9.image.jpg?resize=512%2C391"},"100": {"type":"image/jpeg","width":"100","height":"76","url":"http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/tucson.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/9/69/96992fc7-e27a-5e1e-8b98-fae0ed854061/58d328c26a7b9.image.jpg?resize=100%2C76"},"300": {"type":"image/jpeg","width":"300","height":"229","url":"http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/tucson.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/9/69/96992fc7-e27a-5e1e-8b98-fae0ed854061/58d328c26a7b9.image.jpg?resize=300%2C229"},"1024":{"type":"image/jpeg","width":"1024","height":"782","url":"http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/tucson.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/9/69/96992fc7-e27a-5e1e-8b98-fae0ed854061/58d328c26a7b9.image.jpg"}}},{"id":"605bd348-b333-5455-a016-e8bf2009fcb5","description":"In this March 2, 2017, photo, Yasuyuki Shimizu, founder of Lifelink, a nonprofit that lobbies for suicide-prevention measures, speaks during an interview at his office in Tokyo. Fewer Japanese are taking their own lives, a glimmer of hope in a country with one of the world\u2019s highest suicide rates. \u201cNow we can talk about suicides,\u201d said Shimuzu. \u201cI believe the change in environment has made it easier for the needy to seek help.\u201d (AP Photo/Shizuo Kambayashi)","byline":"Shizuo Kambayashi","hireswidth":null,"hiresheight":null,"hiresurl":null,"presentation":null,"versions":{"full":{"type":"image/jpeg","width":"512","height":"341","url":"http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/tucson.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/6/05/605bd348-b333-5455-a016-e8bf2009fcb5/58d328c292dc7.image.jpg?resize=512%2C341"},"100": {"type":"image/jpeg","width":"100","height":"67","url":"http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/tucson.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/6/05/605bd348-b333-5455-a016-e8bf2009fcb5/58d328c292dc7.image.jpg?resize=100%2C67"},"300": {"type":"image/jpeg","width":"300","height":"200","url":"http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/tucson.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/6/05/605bd348-b333-5455-a016-e8bf2009fcb5/58d328c292dc7.image.jpg?resize=300%2C200"},"1024":{"type":"image/jpeg","width":"1024","height":"682","url":"http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/tucson.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/6/05/605bd348-b333-5455-a016-e8bf2009fcb5/58d328c292dc7.image.jpg"}}},{"id":"b83784b3-bd4c-5978-9953-3654dc58a81e","description":"In this March 15, 2017 photo, a staff of \"Inochinodenwa,\" non-profit telephone hotline for people seek help, receives a counseling call in Tokyo. 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TOKYO (AP) \u2014 Fewer Japanese are taking their own lives, a positive sign in a country with one of the world's highest suicide rates.

The Health Ministry said Thursday that 21,897 people committed suicide in 2016, down from more than 30,000 in 2011 and the lowest number since 1994. Of those, 15,121 were male and 6,776 were female. It was the seventh straight year that the number of suicides had declined.

Experts say it's difficult to pinpoint a reason for the decline, attributing it to a combination of factors. The government has made a determined effort to tackle the issue, starting with national legislation in 2006. Consumer loan laws have been revised to try to keep people from taking on too much debt, while awareness campaigns have helped bring the issue into the public eye.

\"Now we can talk about suicides,\" said Yasuyuki Shimuzu, founder of Lifelink, a nonprofit that lobbies for suicide-prevention measures. \"I believe the change in environment has made it easier for the needy to seek help.\"

Before the good news, however, came bad news.

The number of suicides in Japan jumped sharply in 1998 to more than 30,000 and remained at that very elevated level for more than a decade. It was a year when Japan's economy fell into recession, and bankruptcies and unemployment soared. The suicide rate rose to about 26 per 100,000 people.

The only silver lining was that suicides didn't jump again after a deep recession in 2008-09. Then in 2010, the decline started and has been steady since then, bringing the number back to pre-1998 levels.

A closer look at the data shows that the main factors driving both the rise to more than 30,000 and the drop back to close to 20,000 were health issues and financial problems. The decline has been sharpest for people aged 50-59.

Experts say the steps taken since 2006 have been effective in addressing the socio-economic problems common among middle-aged men. Prevention efforts are shifting their focus to the elderly and young, whose suicide rates have not come down as much.

Even with the decline, Japan's suicide rate of 17.3 per 100,000 people in 2016 remains high compared to most other countries. The U.S. suicide rate is around 13 per 100,000, and the United Kingdom is under 10.

Shimizu said Japan should aim to get the number of suicides down to 14,000-15,000 per year.

The still-high suicide rate means Japan is a difficult place to live, a society that is not kind to troubled people, said Dr. Yutaka Motohashi, head of the government-funded Japan Support Center for Suicide Countermeasures.

\"Suicide prevention is not a job for experts and special people supporting the cause, but it's for everyone,\" he said. \"We can be a little kinder and try to reach out to others.\"

"}, {"id":"dbb684fd-8304-5b44-af69-885944cbce5a","type":"article","starttime":"1490231217","starttime_iso8601":"2017-03-22T18:06:57-07:00","lastupdated":"1490234519","priority":0,"sections":[{"columnists":"opinion/columnists"},{"columnists":"news/opinion/columnists"}],"flags":{"ap":"true"},"application":"editorial","title":"The age of hacking brings a return to the physical key","url":"http://tucson.com/opinion/columnists/article_dbb684fd-8304-5b44-af69-885944cbce5a.html","permalink":"http://tucson.com/opinion/columnists/the-age-of-hacking-brings-a-return-to-the-physical/article_dbb684fd-8304-5b44-af69-885944cbce5a.html","canonical":"https://theconversation.com/the-age-of-hacking-brings-a-return-to-the-physical-key-73094","relatedAssetCounts":{"article":0,"audio":0,"image":0,"link":0,"vmix":0,"youtube":0,"gallery":0},"byline":"Jungwoo Ryoo\nPennsylvania State University","prologue":"Jungwoo Ryoo, Pennsylvania State University","supportsComments":true,"commentCount":0,"keywords":["wire","computer and data security","computing and information technology","technology","information technology","business","text messaging","mobile communication technology","communication technology"],"internalKeywords":["#lee","#ap"],"customProperties":{},"presentation":null,"revision":2,"commentID":"dbb684fd-8304-5b44-af69-885944cbce5a","body":"

Jungwoo Ryoo, Pennsylvania State University

(THE CONVERSATION) With all the news about Yahoo accounts being hacked and other breaches of digital security, it\u2019s easy to wonder if there\u2019s any real way to keep unauthorized users out of our email and social media accounts.

Everyone knows not to use the same username and password combination for every account \u2013 though many peoplestill do. But if they follow that advice, people end up with another problem: way too many passwords to remember \u2013 27 on average, according to a recent survey. That can lead to stress about password security, and even cause people to give up secure passwords altogether. It\u2019s an ominous feeling, and a dangerous situation.

But there is hope, through what is called \u201ctwo-factor authentication,\u201d in which a user needs not only a login name and password but also another way to validate her identity, before being allowed to connect to, say, Gmail or Snapchat. That way, even an attacker who gets a user\u2019s login name and password still can\u2019t access the account.

When it happens, this usually involves the user either receiving a text message on her phone with a six-digit code, or opening an app on her phone that will give her the code, which changes every 30 seconds. As a cybersecurity researcher, I know that even as this method is just starting to become common, a newer method, a return to the era of the physical key, is nipping at its heels.

Proving identity

In the security industry, we typically refer to three broad ways to prove identity:

- Who you are, usually expressed through biometrics, like a fingerprint, facial recognition or a retinal scan.

- Something you know, like a password or PIN.

- Something you have, such as a conventional key that unlocks a door, or even a smartphone with a particular app installed.

User authentication is strongest when a person proves her identity in multiple ways. This is called two-factor, or sometimes multi-factor, authentication.

Despite its potential to improve security, companies and government agencies alike have been slow to adopt two-factor authentication. For many years, there were no common standards, so authentication methods often worked only for a single system or program or company.

An early standard is today\u2019s most common method: getting a numeric code by text message. But that is on its way out. While initially thought to be a convenient way to verify that someone had a particular phone, it turns out to be vulnerable to attack.

A phone number can be \u201ccloned\u201d onto an attacker\u2019s phone, allowing him to intercept text messages. In addition, many people use internet-based phone systems, such as Google Voice, that allow them to receive text messages without actually needing physical access to a specific device \u2013 subverting the very purpose of sending a text message in the first place.

Toward improved security

A new, even more secure method is gaining popularity, and it\u2019s a lot like an old-fashioned metal key. It\u2019s a computer chip in a small portable physical form that makes it easy to carry around. (It even typically has a hole to fit on a keychain.) The chip itself contains a method of authenticating itself \u2013 to prove that it is the real \u201cthing you have\u201d that\u2019s required to connect to a particular online service. And it has USB or wireless connections so it can either plug into any computer easily or communicate wirelessly with a mobile device.

Backing this effort are technology industry giants, including Google and Microsoft. They and other companies recently formed the Faster Identification Online (FIDO) Alliance to create a new standard that is both shared among providers \u2013 so users can have one physical key that gives them access to many services \u2013 and useful with mobile devices as well as desktop and laptop computers.

They\u2019re calling their standard \u201cUniversal Second Factor (U2F),\u201d and it\u2019s based on public-key encryption. Also known as asymmetric key encryption, public-key encryption uses a pair of keys, one public and one private. Either key can be used to encrypt a message, but that coded message can be decrypted only by someone who has the other key in the pair.

One of the paired keys is shared with others \u2013 this becomes the public key. The other, the private key, must be protected. Because just one person should have access to the private key, a login process that requires it can ensure the authorized user is the only one who can connect to an online service.

How it works

When adding a physical key to her account\u2019s security credentials, a user first logs in to her account as normal, perhaps even using a text-message method of two-factor authentication. When she follows the site\u2019s instructions for adding her U2F key to the account\u2019s security settings, that process creates a new public-private key pair. The private key is encrypted and stored on the physical U2F key. The matching public key is stored on the site\u2019s authentication server.

Thereafter, when logging in, the user types her user name and password as usual. Then, the site provides an alert asking her to plug the physical security key into her computer. (Some keys can also connect wirelessly via Near Field Communication, or NFC.)

What happens next requires minimal action by the user; the computer, the website and the physical key handle everything nearly instantaneously. The website sends a message to the computer, requesting a reply. The computer reads the private key from the physical U2F device and uses that to encrypt its response. The server uses the account\u2019s public key to test the reply; if it was encrypted by the corresponding private key, the server knows the person trying to log in has the physical device, and is therefore the authorized user. At that point, the server logs the user in.

The best option we have

Although U2F strengthens the current practice of password-based authentication, it doesn\u2019t solve every problem. Of course, if a person loses the key and doesn\u2019t have a backup copy, logging in can be impossible. But most sites that use U2F also, in the initial U2F setup process, give an authorized user a limited number of single-use login codes she can type in if she loses her key.

In addition, passwords are inherently challenging because we have to memorize them. Forcing people to make them longer and more complex, involving numbers and capital letters and punctuation, makes them even harder to remember. And with so many passwords needed regularly, it\u2019s terribly difficult to memorize that many long, complex unique sequences.

Password management programs can help. These services, including LastPass and 1Password, securely store your username and password combinations in the cloud or locally on your computer, requiring users to memorize just one long \u2013 but often relatively easy to remember \u2013 \u201cmaster password\u201d that decrypts the others when they\u2019re needed.

Those services can even work in tandem with U2F. For example, a user can create one master password for LastPass and set it up to only decrypt the stored passwords when the physical security key is plugged in.

When paired together, a service like that can give you very strong passwords that you don\u2019t need to memorize, bolstered by the security of a physical key. It\u2019s not perfect, but it\u2019s our current technology\u2019s best defense against hackers and account thieves.

This article was originally published on The Conversation. Read the original article here: http://theconversation.com/the-age-of-hacking-brings-a-return-to-the-physical-key-73094.

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Tanya Golash-Boza, University of California, Merced

(THE CONVERSATION) Although it is difficult to get exact numbers, some estimates show Immigration and Customs Enforcement home raids have never resulted in more than 30,000 apprehensions in any given year. At that rate, it could take 366 years for immigration agents to remove all 11 million undocumented migrants using home raids.

I contend immigration raids are not intended to deport large numbers of people. Instead, my research has shown that they are primarily effective in spreading fear among immigrants.

On Jan. 25, 2017, President Donald Trump issued an executive order promising to increase the number of ICE agents from 5,000 to 15,000. If enacted, this expansion could increase the number of these apprehensions to 90,000 a year.

The ICE agents who conduct home raids are charged with detaining and deporting criminal aliens and fugitive aliens. A fugitive alien is a noncitizen who failed to appear in immigration court. A criminal alien is any noncitizen convicted of a crime. In many cases, these raids result in the detention and sometimes deportation of immigrants who are neither criminal nor fugitive aliens \u2013 these are what ICE calls \u201ccollateral arrests.\u201d

When President Barack Obama took office in 2009, immigration home raids were commonplace. Over the course of the Obama administration, ICE agents gradually began to exercise more discretion. Importantly, they stopped making collateral arrests.

During the first two years of the Obama administration, I interviewed 147 people who had been deported. The current wave of raids under the Trump administration hearken back to that time. Meeting some of the people affected by home raids then can help us understand how people are being targeted today.

Melvin: Criminal alien

Melvin moved to the United States in 1986, when he was 18 years old. He came to join his father, who had left him in Guatemala when he was a small child.

(Melvin, like the other names used in this piece, is a pseudonym. The University of California ethical guidelines require me to protect the identity of deportees I interviewed.)

Melvin apprenticed in the flooring business and eventually opened up his own shop. After a decade, he was bringing in US$15,000 a month and he, his wife and their two children lived comfortably in northern Virginia.

Melvin had run into trouble with the law in 1995, when he was charged with involuntary manslaughter and hit-and-run after he hit a dead body on the highway. He said he drove away because he was scared \u2013 a decision he acknowledges was poor. The manslaughter charge was dropped when forensics revealed the body was already dead when Melvin ran over it, but Melvin still served a year for the hit and run.

In 2005, immigration agents arrived at Melvin\u2019s door. Melvin was reading a book to his son when his wife answered the door. Melvin explained what happened next:

\"

\u201cThey actually had to pull a gun on her because she was getting aggressive and, said \u2018So, you\u2019re gonna leave me with my kids here? He\u2019s the head of the house. You\u2019re gonna take him?\u2026 They said, 'I\u2019m sorry. We\u2019re just doing our job.\u2019\u201d

\"

A legal permanent resident of the United States, Melvin spent $15,000 on legal representation, but to no avail: He served several months in immigration detention, and then ICE sent him back to Guatemala. His wife and children sold everything and joined him.

Unfortunately, the upheaval involved in moving to a new country put stress on their marriage. After about a year and a half, they divorced, and Melvin\u2019s wife came back to the U.S. with the kids. She works in a gas station and lives with her mother now, a far cry from the five-bedroom home she and Melvin once shared.

Vern: Fugitive alien

In 1991, when he was 20 years old, Vern left Guatemala for the United States, where he applied for political asylum. Back home, he had received death threats for attempting to organize a union. The Immigration and Naturalization Service issued him a work permit while his case was being processed, and he began to work in a frozen food plant in Ohio.

He married a Honduran woman, Maria, who was also applying for political asylum. They received work permits every year for seven years, which allowed them to continue working legally. Their first child was born in 1996.

In 1998, Vern received a notice from the Immigration and Naturalization Service stating that he should leave the United States \u2013 his asylum application had been denied. Vern was devastated. He had established a life in the United States, and he had few ties to Guatemala. He decided to stay, in the hope that his wife\u2019s application would be approved and she could apply to legalize his status. They had another child.

Vern did everything he could to avoid problems with the police \u2013 he never drank and followed the law at all times. He learned English and tried to blend in as much as possible.

One Sunday morning, as the family was preparing for church, Vern heard a loud knock at the door.

\"

\u201cThey called from outside: \u2018Maria Lopez, this is immigration. We need to talk to you.\u2019 Maria didn\u2019t have nothing to fear, so she went down. They asked, \u2018Does your husband live here?\u2019

\"

When Vern appeared, ICE agents handcuffed him and put him in their car. His wife and two children were devastated as they watched Vern being taken away. Because Vern had already been ordered deported, he was not given the opportunity to explain to a judge why he had not followed his deportation order. Eight days later, Vern was deported to Guatemala.

Maria had to figure out how to get by with her minimum-wage job. Vern had to learn to readjust to Guatemala City \u2013 which he had left 18 years earlier.

Maximo: Collateral arrest

A Dominican citizen who lived in Puerto Rico, Maximo shared an apartment in San Juan with two other men \u2013 a Venezuelan and a Puerto Rican. One morning in 2010, they heard banging on the door. Maximo tried to sleep through it, but the banging got louder. Finally, he got up to answer the door.

Just before he reached the door, the people knocking decided to break it down. Maximo found himself surrounded by several armed officers, some wearing \"ICE\u201d jackets. The agents didn\u2019t indicate that they had a warrant for the arrest of a specific person. Instead, they demanded to see all occupants of the house, pointed guns at them and ordered them to sit on the floor. When they asked Maximo for identification, he gave them his Dominican passport. They asked if he was in the country illegally, and he said he was.

Maximo was arrested and taken to an immigration detention center. He signed a voluntary departure form and was deported to Santo Domingo in the Dominican Republic two days later. A voluntary departure allowed Maximo to be deported quickly. He could have asked for an immigration hearing, but he would have had to spend months in detention awaiting his hearing, and his chances of gaining legalization were slim.

Although Maximo was undocumented, he had constitutional rights against unreasonable search and seizure, and those rights were violated. Law enforcement agents have the authority to break down your door if they have a search warrant and you do not open the door. However, immigration agents almost never have search warrants. The warrants they secure are administrative warrants that do not permit them to enter houses without the consent of the occupants.

Home raids tend to happen early in the morning to ensure the targets are home. In many cases, this means that these raids happen when the whole family is home and children have to watch their parent forcibly removed from the home. In some cases, these children will never see their parent again.

I believe these raids are an ineffective means of immigration law enforcement, yet are effective at spreading fear and tearing families apart.

This article was originally published on The Conversation. Read the original article here: http://theconversation.com/immigrants-deported-under-obama-share-stories-of-terror-and-rights-violations-74212.

"}, {"id":"9e6b2fdf-4b3a-56e5-ad48-f7668db41958","type":"article","starttime":"1490231914","starttime_iso8601":"2017-03-22T18:18:34-07:00","lastupdated":"1490234518","priority":0,"sections":[{"national":"news/national"}],"flags":{"ap":"true"},"application":"editorial","title":"10 Things to Know for Thursday","url":"http://tucson.com/news/national/article_9e6b2fdf-4b3a-56e5-ad48-f7668db41958.html","permalink":"http://tucson.com/news/national/things-to-know-for-thursday/article_9e6b2fdf-4b3a-56e5-ad48-f7668db41958.html","canonical":"http://www.apnewsarchive.com/2017/Among-10-Things-to-Know-Knife-wielding-man-launches-deadly-attack-in-London-U-S-health-care-overhaul-in-peril-advertiser-boycott-could-cost-Google-hundreds-of-millions-/id-a6e45302e9154b68a9d7d60d4acf02f6","relatedAssetCounts":{"article":0,"audio":0,"image":6,"link":0,"vmix":0,"youtube":0,"gallery":0},"byline":"By The Associated Press","prologue":"Your daily look at late-breaking news, upcoming events and the stories that will be talked about Thursday:","supportsComments":true,"commentCount":0,"keywords":["wire","general news","supreme courts","national courts","courts","judiciary","government and politics","national governments","judicial appointments and nominations","government appointments and nominations","ncaa men's division i basketball championship","confirmation hearings","legislature hearings","legislature","men's college basketball","college basketball","basketball","sports","college sports","men's basketball","men's sports"],"internalKeywords":["#lee","#ap"],"customProperties":{},"presentation":null,"images":[{"id":"f92fb147-3d28-515e-871a-7dbb38c889de","description":"A woman walks by a memorial just after a one-year anniversary service of the March 22, 2016 suicide bomb attacks at Zaventem Airport in Brussels on Wednesday, March 22, 2017. 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Your daily look at late-breaking news, upcoming events and the stories that will be talked about Thursday:

1. KNIFE-WIELDING MAN LAUNCHES ATTACK IN LONDON

Five are killed, including the assailant, after he plows a car into pedestrians on Westminster Bridge, then stabs a police officer to death inside the gates of Parliament.

2. WHY TRUMP FEELS 'SOMEWHAT VINDICATED' ON WIRETAP CLAIM

Private communications of the president and his transition team may have been scooped up by U.S. intelligence officials monitoring other targets, a leading lawmaker says.

3. HEALTH CARE OVERHAUL IN PERIL

Trump dangles possible changes aimed at placating conservatives threatening to torpedo the bill.

4. WHICH ONE-TIME BUSINESS BEHEMOTH MAY FADE AWAY

Sears, continuing to lose staggering amounts of money, says there is \"substantial doubt\" that it will be able to keep its doors open.

5. US TAKES STEP IN SYRIA'S CIVIL WAR

U.S. aircraft ferry Syrian Kurdish fighters and allied forces behind Islamic State lines. It's the first time American forces have provided an airlift for local forces on a combat operation in Syria.

6. PYONGYANG WEIGHS IN ON TRUMP ADMINISTRATION

North Korea has a criticism of the president he probably wasn't expecting: he's too much like Barack Obama.

7. WHAT'S SEEN AS FRESH SIGN OF OVERHEATING WORLD

The Arctic just set yet another record for low levels of sea ice.

8. BOYCOTT COULD COST GOOGLE HUNDREDS OF MILLIONS

AT&T, Verizon and other major advertisers are suspending their marketing campaigns on Google's YouTube site because their brands have been appearing alongside videos promoting terrorism and other unsavory subjects.

9. HOW UPCOMING 'CHIPS' MOVIE IS BEING RECEIVED

Hardcore fans of the old TV show are poised to hate it. And the real California Highway Patrol seems not quite sure what to make of it.

10. NEXT UP, OLD-FASHIONED DETECTIVE WORK

Authorities believe they've recovered Tom Brady's stolen Super Bowl jersey. The next step will be to determine that fact for sure.

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NEW ORLEANS (AP) \u2014 A year ago, a state law blocked a U.S. citizen born in an Indonesian refugee camp from getting married in Louisiana. A court victory Wednesday means the man and his fiancee are free to make wedding plans.

Viet Anh Vo and his U.S.-born fiancee, Heather Pham, embraced and cried with their attorneys in a New Orleans courtroom after a federal judge blocked the law that prevented them from obtaining a marriage license.

The law, which took effect in January 2016, has prevented other immigrants in Louisiana from getting married for the same reason as Vo: He couldn't provide a birth certificate.

U.S. District Judge Ivan Lemelle, who granted Vo's request for a preliminary injunction, said the birth certificate requirement violates the equal protection rights of foreign-born U.S. citizens, as well as the fundamental right to marry.

\"It treats him differently from citizens born in the United States or its territories,\" the judge said.

The lawmaker who pushed the law through the Legislature in 2015 said in an emailed news release that she is drafting legislation to amend it. She plans to provide for a process that would let foreign-born people who are legally in the U.S. get a waiver from a judge if they can't produce a birth certificate.

Rep. Valarie Hodges, R-Denham Springs, said that was always her intent with her original bill, which was meant to deter foreigners from gaining visas and citizenship through sham marriages.

\"Unfortunately, sometimes bills don't come out exactly like you expect as they go through the process,\" Hodges said.

Vo, 32, said he planned to take Pham out to dinner Wednesday night to celebrate the ruling. He joked that he might even make another marriage proposal over dinner.

As soon as Thursday, the couple plans to go back to the clerk's office in their Lafayette hometown to get a marriage license. They may even officially tie the knot over the weekend.

Surprised and relieved, Vo said his victory shows \"one person can actually make a change in the world.\"

\"I just hope others can look at my situation and fight for their rights, too,\" he said.

Alvaro Huerta, a Los Angeles-based attorney for the National Immigration Law Center, said the ruling enables the couple to immediately obtain a marriage license.

The judge gave no indication from the bench that his injunction applies only to Vo. His lawyers from the law center and the New Orleans Workers Center for Racial Justice are waiting to see his written ruling.

\"We don't know if it's going to extend to others, but we presume so,\" Huerta said.

Debbie Hudnall, executive director of the Louisiana Clerks of Court Association, said her office needs to review a written ruling from the judge before it can provide any guidance to court clerks on compliance.

Vo, who goes by Victor, is a U.S. citizen who has lived in Louisiana since he was three months old. He was born in an Indonesian refugee camp after his parents fled Vietnam, and said neither country will certify his birth.

Vo and Pham spent thousands of dollars and invited 350 guests to their wedding before their application for a marriage license was rejected last year. They tried at three separate parishes, but were denied each time by court clerks.

They went ahead with the ceremony and exchanged wedding bands, but their marriage has lacked legal status.

\"The couple, greatly disappointed, proceeded to hold a sacramental marriage in their Catholic Church. This marriage, however, is not legally recognized by Defendants or the State of Louisiana,\" his court papers say.

Vo's lawsuit says he automatically became a U.S. citizen as a child, when his parents became citizens, and he has official U.S. government documents reflecting his birth, refugee status and legal residency. It says he's working on getting a certificate of citizenship and a U.S. passport, but the state law doesn't recognize either document.

Lawyers for the state and parishes noted before the hearing that Vo's complaint didn't say whether he went to a judge for relief from the law. They asked the judge to apply any remedy to Vo alone.

In court, Neal Elliott, an attorney for the state health department, asserted again that Vo's situation is unique. He also said the department has suggested legislation to address the constitutional issues, but acknowledged that there is no guarantee it would become law.

___

Kunzelman reported from Baton Rouge.

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SYDNEY (AP) \u2014 Australian police have made an arrest in the mysterious disappearance of a toddler from a beach nearly 50 years ago, charging a man with the 3-year-old girl's slaying in a case that has baffled officials for decades.

A 63-year-old man who was once considered a person of interest in the 1970 disappearance of Cheryl Grimmer was arrested on Wednesday, New South Wales police Detective Inspector Brad Ainsworth told reporters.

\"I'm not going to get into the specifics of the actual detail of the offenses, but I can say that they're quite horrific and they'll be unfolding in court,\" Ainsworth said.

The man, whose name was not released, was 16 when Cheryl vanished from a beach in the New South Wales city of Wollongong. The toddler, who had spent the morning at the beach with her mother and three brothers, went into a changing area with her siblings while their mother packed up their belongings. Cheryl was never seen again, and her body was never found.

Police believe Cheryl was taken from the front of the changing area and died within an hour of her abduction, Ainsworth said.

The man accused in her disappearance was interviewed after the toddler disappeared, but was never charged. Police reopened the case last year, and on Wednesday, interviewed the man again. He was arrested the same day and will be charged on Thursday with murder and abduction, police said.

"}, {"id":"a3e8ba75-14b7-54ba-8ea9-74578dba63f4","type":"article","starttime":"1490232186","starttime_iso8601":"2017-03-22T18:23:06-07:00","lastupdated":"1490234483","priority":0,"sections":[{"obituaries":"news/national/obituaries"}],"flags":{"ap":"true"},"application":"editorial","title":"2-time Daytona 500 winner Pete Hamilton dies at 74","url":"http://tucson.com/news/national/obituaries/article_a3e8ba75-14b7-54ba-8ea9-74578dba63f4.html","permalink":"http://tucson.com/news/national/obituaries/time-daytona-winner-pete-hamilton-dies-at/article_a3e8ba75-14b7-54ba-8ea9-74578dba63f4.html","canonical":"http://www.apnewsarchive.com/2017/2-time-Daytona-500-winner-Pete-Hamilton-has-died-at-74-Richard-Petty-Motorsports-and-NASCAR-both-announced-Hamilton-s-death/id-9561d0733e4642c6b2f999ef535d36cc","relatedAssetCounts":{"article":0,"audio":0,"image":0,"link":0,"vmix":0,"youtube":0,"gallery":0},"byline":"By The Associated Press","prologue":"Pete Hamilton, a two-time at Daytona, died Wednesday. He was 74.","supportsComments":true,"commentCount":0,"keywords":["wire","sports","nascar sprint cup series","daytona 500","nascar","automobile racing","obituaries"],"internalKeywords":["#ap"],"customProperties":{},"presentation":null,"revision":5,"commentID":"a3e8ba75-14b7-54ba-8ea9-74578dba63f4","body":"

Pete Hamilton, a two-time at Daytona, died Wednesday. He was 74.

Richard Petty Motorsports and NASCAR both announced Hamilton's death.

Hamilton won four career Cup races, including the Daytona 500 in 1970 and a Daytona 500 qualifying race in 1971. He also won twice at Talladega Superspeedway in 1971.

Hamilton's 1970 Daytona victory was in the No. 40 Plymouth Superbird fielded by Petty Enterprises. His teammate was Hall of Famer Richard Petty.

\"We ran two cars in 1970, and Plymouth helped introduce us to Pete,\" Petty said in a statement. \"They wanted us to run a second car with him on the bigger tracks.\"

Hamilton was teamed with Hall of Fame mechanic Maurice Petty, and Richard Petty said that tandem was the difference.

\"Pete and 'Chief' won the race, and it was a big deal,\" Petty said. \"It was great to have Pete as part of the team. He was a great teammate.\"

Maurice Petty said Hamilton was \"as fast as anyone on the superspeedways in 1970.\"

Hamilton had 26 top-five finishes in 64 career starts from 1968-73.

___

More AP auto racing: www.racing.ap.org

"}, {"id":"887a522c-8a4e-544d-a7a5-c7c1c494ee5b","type":"article","starttime":"1490202000","starttime_iso8601":"2017-03-22T10:00:00-07:00","lastupdated":"1490234414","priority":0,"sections":[{"business":"business"}],"application":"editorial","title":"Limelight Networks\u2019 \u201cState of the User Experience\u201d Research Report Reveals High Website Performance Expectations on All Connected Devices in Southeast Asia","url":"http://tucson.com/business/article_887a522c-8a4e-544d-a7a5-c7c1c494ee5b.html","permalink":"http://tucson.com/business/limelight-networks-state-of-the-user-experience-research-report-reveals/article_887a522c-8a4e-544d-a7a5-c7c1c494ee5b.html","canonical":"http://tucson.com/business/limelight-networks-state-of-the-user-experience-research-report-reveals/article_887a522c-8a4e-544d-a7a5-c7c1c494ee5b.html","relatedAssetCounts":{"article":0,"audio":0,"image":0,"link":0,"vmix":0,"youtube":0,"gallery":0},"prologue":"Offering Positive Online Experiences Tailored By Country Is Critical TEMPE, Ariz.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Smartphones are the go-to device for accessing the Internet throughout Southeast Asia, and consumers expect fast performance of websites across all devices, according to the \u201cState of the User Experience\u201d research","supportsComments":true,"commentCount":0,"keywords":[],"internalKeywords":["#prwire"],"customProperties":{},"presentation":null,"revision":2,"commentID":"887a522c-8a4e-544d-a7a5-c7c1c494ee5b","body":"

Offering Positive Online Experiences Tailored By Country Is Critical

TEMPE, Ariz.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Smartphones are the go-to device for accessing the Internet throughout

Southeast Asia, and consumers expect fast performance of websites across

all devices, according to the \u201cState of the User Experience\u201d research

report released by Limelight Networks (Nasdaq: LLNW),

a global leader in digital content delivery.

\u201cOur new research shows that nearly half of adult consumers in Southeast

Asia are online 16 hours or more each week, outside of work, and they

have high expectations for website performance, especially when it comes

to e-commerce,\u201d said Jaheer Abbas, Regional Sales Director at Limelight.

\u201cNearly everyone surveyed said that they\u2019re likely to recommend a brand

to a friend if they have a positive web experience, and on the flip

side, that they\u2019ll leave and go to a competitor if it isn\u2019t a good

experience.\u201d

While there is a great deal of behavioral consistency throughout the

region, some interesting regional differences were identified.

Personalized web experiences were ranked as very important in all

countries, but were slightly less so in Singapore. Also, while the

majority of respondents regionally will abandon a website if the

experience is slow, there is slightly more patience in the Philippines.

Despite these differences, the report clearly illustrates the need for

organizations to prioritize the optimization of mobile experiences,

understand the expectations of consumers within each country rather than

implementing a \u201cone-size-fits-all\u201d approach, and accelerate website

performance to keep visitors engaged.

Time spent online varies by country and generation. People in the

Philippines spend the most time online closely followed by those in

Malaysia. People in Singapore are online the least. In Thailand,

millennials are online the least, with 34 percent online 16 hours or

more per week compared to 42 percent for all other age groups. The gap

is even greater in the Philippines, where 39 percent of millennials

versus 56 percent of all other age groups are online this amount of time.

Additional insights from the report include:

The \u201cState of the User Experience - South East Asia\u201d report is based on

a survey of 1,600 consumers chosen at random in the Malaysia, Thailand,

Singapore, and the Philippines, aged 18 and over. Download the complete

report here.

About Limelight

Limelight Networks Inc., (NASDAQ: LLNW), a

global leader in digital content delivery, empowers customers to better

engage online audiences by enabling them to\u00a0securely manage and

globally\u00a0deliver digital content, on any device. The company\u2019s award

winning Limelight Orchestrate\u2122 platform includes an integrated suite of

content delivery technology and services that helps organizations secure

digital content, deliver exceptional multi-screen experiences, improve

brand awareness, drive revenue, and enhance customer relationships \u2014 all

while reducing costs. For more information, please visit\u00a0www.limelight.com,

read our\u00a0blog,

follow us on\u00a0Twitter,\u00a0Facebook\u00a0and\u00a0LinkedIn\u00a0and

be sure to visit\u00a0Limelight

Connect.

Contacts

LEWIS

Gayathri Kumarasamy, +65 6571 9145

gayathri.kumarasamy@teamlewis.com

or

Investor

Inquiries:

ir@limelight.com

"}, {"id":"cd0ae7aa-9606-5c50-b4ae-2a26ffe0c2a4","type":"link","starttime":"1465492862","starttime_iso8601":"2016-06-09T10:21:02-07:00","lastupdated":"1490234407","priority":0,"sections":[{"business":"business"}],"flags":{"Sponsored":"true"},"application":"editorial","title":"Join the Team at Northwest Medical Center","permalink":"http://marketing.tucson.com/blog/localprofiles/join-the-team-at-northwest-medical-center","canonical":"http://marketing.tucson.com/blog/localprofiles/join-the-team-at-northwest-medical-center","relatedAssetCounts":{"article":0,"audio":0,"image":0,"link":0,"vmix":0,"youtube":0,"gallery":0},"byline":"stomaszewski@tucson.com (Stevie Tomaszewski)","prologue":"Whether it\u2019s a simple stomachache or something more serious, Northwest Medical Center has the primary care and special care professionals that are dedicated to improving the community\u2019s well-being.","supportsComments":true,"commentCount":0,"keywords":[],"internalKeywords":["#mktblog"],"customProperties":{},"presentation":null,"revision":147,"url":"http://marketing.tucson.com/blog/localprofiles/join-the-team-at-northwest-medical-center"} ]
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PHOENIX (AP) \u2014 The Latest on the fatal shooting of a 9-year-old Phoenix boy (all times local):

6:57 p.m.

The Arizona Department of Child Safety says it investigated the parents of a 9-year-old boy who was fatally shot in his home on two occasions.

The agency says it investigated the family after two children were born exposed to \"substance.\"

The second case was closed in June 2016 after the family successfully completed services.

The parents of Landen Lavarnia, Wendy and Kansas Lavarnia, are facing first-degree murder charges in the boy's death.

Police say there's evidence the parents cleaned up the home and waited an undisclosed amount of time before calling police after the shooting.

It's unclear who fired the shot.

____

5:57 p.m.

The school district where a 9-year-old boy who was fatally shot in his home attended the second grade says he was a kind, smart and creative boy who was friends with all.

Washington Elementary School District said in a letter to parents on Wednesday that Landen Lavarnia was enrolled at Sahuaro Elementary School. They said he was \"a very sweet\" and kind boy who was also very smart, creative and helpful to his classmates.

Landen Lavarnia's parents have been arrested on suspicion of first-degree murder. His mother, Wendy Lavarnia, told police that her 2-year-old son accidentally shot his brother on Monday.

Police said Wednesday that there's evidence that blood in the home was cleaned up before they were called.

___

4:15 p.m.

Police say they have found inconsistencies in a Phoenix woman's account of how her son was fatally shot in her home.

Wendy Lavarnia told police that her 2-year-old son got hold of a 9 mm handgun that was sitting on a bed Monday and shot his 9-year-old brother.

Police said Wednesday that there's evidence that blood in the home was cleaned up before they were called.

Police spokesman Vince Lewis says Lavarnia and the boy's father, Kansas Lavarnia, are accused of murder in delaying medical care for the critically injured boy.

Lewis declined to say whether investigators believe the mother's statement was accurate. He also wouldn't say who's believed to have shot the boy or detail the inconsistencies in the mother's account.

It's unclear whether the couple has lawyers.

___

11:45 a.m.

A Phoenix couple whose 9-year-old son was shot and killed are now accused of first-degree murder, with police saying there's evidence that blood in the home was cleaned up before they were called.

Wendy Lavarnia has told investigators that her 2-year-old son picked up her loaded gun and shot the older boy, which is repeated in an updated probable cause statement released Wednesday.

The statement also says the boy's father had a crudely bandaged gunshot wound on his upper arm when he came home after police arrived. It says authorities found evidence in the home of cleaned-up blood residue.

Court documents say the father, Kansas Lavarnia, is accused of first-degree murder, child abuse and hindering prosecution, while Wendy Lavarnia is accused of first-degree murder.

She previously was suspected of child abuse, while Kansas Lavarnia had been booked on weapons misconduct.

Judges ordered both held in lieu of $1 million bond each. They haven't yet been charged.

This post has been updated with the correct spelling of Lavarnia throughout.

"}, {"id":"96b7d947-2765-5181-8d60-823926edb36e","type":"article","starttime":"1490234281","starttime_iso8601":"2017-03-22T18:58:01-07:00","priority":0,"sections":[{"national":"news/national"}],"flags":{"ap":"true"},"application":"editorial","title":"Ex-Baylor football player accused of 2013 sexual assault","url":"http://tucson.com/news/national/article_96b7d947-2765-5181-8d60-823926edb36e.html","permalink":"http://tucson.com/news/national/ex-baylor-football-player-accused-of-sexual-assault/article_96b7d947-2765-5181-8d60-823926edb36e.html","canonical":"http://www.apnewsarchive.com/2017/A-former-Baylor-football-player-has-been-arrested-after-a-grand-jury-indicted-him-on-three-second-degree-felony-sexual-assault-counts-arising-from-a-2013-incident-while-he-was-with-the-B/id-8286a804a9614ab88d6ac6d66a8072de","relatedAssetCounts":{"article":0,"audio":0,"image":0,"link":0,"vmix":0,"youtube":0,"gallery":0},"prologue":"WACO, Texas (AP) \u2014 A former Baylor football player has been arrested after a grand jury indicted him on three second-degree felony sexual assault counts arising from a 2013 incident while he was with the Bears.","supportsComments":true,"commentCount":0,"keywords":["wire","general news","sports","football","legal proceedings","law and order","college football","college sports","indictments","crime","violent crime","sexual assault"],"internalKeywords":["#lee","#ap"],"customProperties":{},"presentation":null,"revision":1,"commentID":"96b7d947-2765-5181-8d60-823926edb36e","body":"

WACO, Texas (AP) \u2014 A former Baylor football player has been arrested after a grand jury indicted him on three second-degree felony sexual assault counts arising from a 2013 incident while he was with the Bears.

The Waco Tribune-Herald (http://bit.ly/2n8Zp0j ) reports former tight end Tre'Von Armstead was arrested Wednesday near his hometown of Port Arthur. The McLennan County grand jury handed down the indictment last week but it remained sealed until Wednesday.

Armstead was jailed in Beaumont with bonds totaling $150,000. Jail records listed no attorney for the 22-year-old.

The indictment alleges Armstead forced a woman to perform sex acts in mid-April 2013.

Last week, Armstead was arrested in Las Vegas and charged with domestic battery, resisting arrest and damaging a police vehicle after a disturbance between Armstead and a woman.

Ten women have sued Baylor, alleging the university was indifferent to their sexually assault complaints while students.

___

Information from: Waco Tribune-Herald, http://www.wacotrib.com

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PHILADELPHIA (AP) \u2014 Philadelphia's top prosecutor pleaded not guilty to federal bribery and extortion charges on Wednesday as pressure mounted from the mayor and others for him to resign.

Democratic District Attorney Seth Williams appeared cool and calm as he entered his plea in a courtroom full of reporters. Williams admits he took more than $100,000 in luxury trips, gifts and cash while in office as he went through an expensive divorce. However, his lawyer vowed they would fight charges that he promised any legal breaks in return, a quid pro quo that would render the gifts bribes.

Mayor Jim Kenney called it \"deeply shameful\" that Williams \"has been implicated in such a flagrant violation of the law.\"

\"At a time when our citizens' trust in government is at an all-time low, it is disheartening to see yet another elected official give the public a reason not to trust us,\" said Kenney, a fellow Democrat. \"That this comes at the head of our justice system is even more troubling.\"

Williams was released on $50,000 bond after a brief hearing. He was fingerprinted by the FBI and surrendered his passport. No trial date was set. He cannot leave eastern Pennsylvania without permission.

Williams, 50, is the city's first black district attorney. He was adopted into a middle-class family as an infant and attended Georgetown Law School before launching his ambitious career.

He is accused of taking five-star Caribbean trips, free flights and $9,000 in cash from a businessman who sought help with a friend's criminal case. The man, whose company sold prepaid phone cards, also sought his help bypassing enhanced airport security during frequent overseas trips, authorities said.

\"I need the info ... case number, agent anything so I can write a letter to the correct person of supervisory authority,\" Williams texted the businessman, a foreign national born in the Middle East. \"I want there to be a letter in your file from the D.A. of Philadelphia.\"

Williams also is accused of helping a gift-giving bar owner and his brother seek a liquor license despite the brother's criminal conviction and spending $20,000 meant for his mother's nursing home care.

The prosecutor belatedly reported on ethics forms last year that he had accepted more than $160,000 in gifts or services from friends, including a new roof on his home, $21,000 in flights and a family stay in Key West, Florida, at the home of a city defense lawyer. The filings, which came after the FBI started investigating, cost him a record $62,000 in city fines. The federal investigation then spiraled, listing additional gifts that authorities said came with strings attached.

Williams, who makes $175,000 a year in the top job, said he tried to keep his daughters in private school and their family home after the divorce. At the same time, he frequented cigar bars and private city clubs, and his love life made headlines when a girlfriend vandalized his city car outside his home.

Defense lawyer Michael Diamondstein said pundits should avoid a rush to judgment. He did not say if Williams would resign.

\"Simply because the government makes explosive allegations in a complaint doesn't mean they are going to prove it in a court of law,\" Diamondstein said after the arraignment, as Williams ducked into a waiting car.

Williams, announcing last month that he would not run for a third term, had said he regretted \"mistakes in my personal life and in my personal financial life.\"

Seven Democrats and a Republican are now running for his job.

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CONWAY, S.C. (AP) \u2014 Jaylen Shaw scored 22 points, Demario Beck had 18 with 10 rebounds and Coastal Carolina defeated Illinois Chicago 89-78 on Wednesday night in the semifinals of the College Basketball Invitational.

Elijah Wilson hit four 3-pointers to score 16 points and Colton Ray-St. Cyr had 12 points, six rebounds and six assists for the Chanticleers (19-17), who will play the winner of Utah Valley State-Wyoming in the best 2-of-3 CBI championship series beginning Monday.

Coastal Carolina went 9 of 9 from the foul line to take a 36-29 halftime lead over the Flames, who were 2 of 4. An early 7-0 run made it 58-43 and then eight-straight points, capped by an Arthur Labinowicz dunk with 7:10 to play, pushed the lead to 21.

The Flames (17-19) made a charge behind Tarkus Ferguson, who had 16 of his career-high 27 in the last seven minutes. But Coastal Carolina, which finished 26 of 31 from the line for a 15-point advantage, never let the Flames get closer than nine.

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SAN JOSE, Calif. \u2014 Seconds after the Arizona locker room opened for interviews Wednesday, Rawle Alkins suddenly had almost no room to breathe.

Television cameras, smartphone video cameras and voice recorders all hovered around, intending to capture some words about the most important digit in the Sweet 16: His broken right index finger.

\u201cIt\u2019s fine,\u201d Alkins said.

Alkins patiently answered pretty much the same question over and over, and still managed to smile about it afterward.

\u201cNah, it\u2019s not crazy,\u201d Alkins said of the media swarm. \u201cI know it\u2019s a serious thing.\u201d

Just a freshman, Alkins has displayed an unusual sense of outside awareness in an environment where high-level athletes often tend to be highly focused on themselves and their teammates.

If fans back home are wondering how Alkins is doing, he\u2019s wondering how they\u2019re doing, too.

Really.

\u201cI know that everyone in Tucson wants to know what\u2019s going on with the finger,\u201d Alkins said. \u201cBut I feel fine and, you know, I\u2019m getting better every day.\u201d

He knows it\u2019s an important question because the Wildcats may need every skill they have to solve what could be a deceivingly tough Xavier team Thursday in their West Region Sweet 16 game at SAP Center.

The Musketeers are a tightly knit bunch who have rallied around adversity \u2013 as much, if not more so than Arizona \u2013 and one of the reasons they have put a six-game late-season losing streak behind them is a purposeful offense and a constantly switching defense.

The Musketeers a different team from the what they were in January and a much different team than the one that kept it close against the Wildcats in the 2015 Sweet 16. That team featured center/Uber driver Matt Stainbrook; this one has basically a bunch of guys who are mostly around 6-foot-6 and willing to get guards Trevon Bluiett or J.P. Macura the ball.

\u201cWe\u2019re a little bit smaller, little more athletic,\u201d said Bluiett, who was held to just two points in that 2015 game. \u201cI would say difference that year and this year\u2019s team is we\u2019re a lot closer and we\u2019re all bought in to winning. That\u2019s our No. 1 goal, and we put all of our personal agendas aside.\u201d

UA assistant coach Mark Phelps, who is scouting the Musketeers, found that much is obvious in reviewing game video.

\u201cEverybody from their coaching staff to the players are connected with a focus of making sure the best players and the best scorers are getting the most shots,\u201d Phelps said. \u201cIt\u2019s certainly the coaching staff\u2019s directive, but it\u2019s also players saying, `OK, I get it. I\u2019m buying in.\u2019 \u201c

Phelps said the other striking thing about Xavier is the way they switch between their man-to-man, 2-3 zone and 1-3-1 zone defenses.

\u201cAt that ratio, you expect to see a lot of zone,\u201d Phelps said.

That's another reason Alkins knows his finger might play a big role.

\u201cGotta shoot,\u201d he says.

He's not alone with that belief. There are multiple ways Arizona has attacked zone defenses this season, but guard Parker Jackson-Cartwright says that one may be most important Thursday.

\u201cYou have to make shots,\u201d Jackson-Cartwright said. \u201cAt the end of the day, I think it\u2019s going to come down to making shots.\u201d

The good news for UA is that Alkins\u2019 finger bone didn\u2019t break through the skin and require stitches like Kadeem Allen\u2019s did when he dislocated it on Feb. 14, requiring a longer and more careful healing process.

\u201cIt\u2019s a little sore, but he has full range of motion,\u201d Miller said of Alkins. \u201cHe\u2019s able to catch and shoot, do all those things. With Kadeem, the hardest part was it popped out of his skin. That was a really hard situation. But with Rawle, he just had a legitimate dislocation and once it was solid and everything, he was able to go back through it.\u201d

Miller kept Alkins out of Monday\u2019s practice while the freshman wing returned Tuesday and said he\u2019s been doing constant rehabilitation work with UA athletic trainer Justin Kokoskie all week.

\u201cI\u2019m making sure I\u2019m keeping it moving, not just keeping it stiff,\u201d Alkins said. \u201cI just make it as comfortable as I can.\u201d

After arriving in San Jose on Tuesday evening, Alkins went through UA's practice on Wednesday at Archbishop Mitty High School before showing off a bandage that covered the index and middle fingers together during Arizona\u2019s mandatory on-court appearance later Wednesday afternoon at SAP Center.

Alkins even performed dribbling drills right in front of security guards stationed at midcourt and attempted 35-footers (though he didn\u2019t make any from that far out).

Through it all, Kokoskie didn\u2019t appear to be sweating it.

\u201cHe\u2019s done really well,\u201d Kokoskie said. \u201cWe\u2019re cautiously optimistic.\u201d

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WASHINGTON (AP) \u2014 Private communications of Donald Trump and his presidential transition team may have been scooped up by American intelligence officials monitoring other targets and improperly distributed throughout spy agencies, the chairman of the House intelligence committee said Wednesday \u2014 an extraordinary public airing of often-secret information that brought swift protests from Democrats.

Republican Rep. Devin Nunes' comments led the committee's ranking Democrat, Adam Schiff, to renew his party's calls for an independent probe of Trump campaign links to Russia in addition to the GOP-led panel's investigation. Schiff also said he had seen \"more than circumstantial evidence\" that Trump associates colluded with Russia.

In back-to-back news conferences at the Capitol and then the White House \u2014 where he had privately briefed the president \u2014 Nunes said he was concerned by officials' handling of the communications in the waning days of the Obama administration.

He said the surveillance was conducted legally and did not appear to be related to the current FBI investigation into Trump associates' contacts with Russia or with any criminal warrants. And the revelations, he said, did nothing to change his assessment that Trump's explosive allegations about wiretaps at Trump Tower were false.

Still, the White House immediately seized on his statements in what appeared to be a coordinated public display.

Moments after Nunes spoke on Capitol Hill, Trump spokesman Sean Spicer read his statements from the White House briefing room podium. The California congressman quickly headed up Pennsylvania Avenue to personally brief the president and to address reporters outside the West Wing. Nunes' decision to brief the president was particularly unusual, given Trump almost certainly has access to the information from his intelligence agencies.

Rep. Jackie Speier, D-Calif., said Nunes' disclosure could be a \"weapon of mass distraction\" in light of allegations of coordination between Russians and the Trump campaign during the 2016 campaign against Democrat Hillary Clinton.

\"This could be a lot of theatrics,\" said Speier, also a member of the House intelligence committee.

\"This is a bizarre situation,\" Sen. John McCain, R-Ariz., said in an interview on MSNBC. \"I'm calling for a select committee because I think this back-and-forth shows that Congress no longer has the credibility handle this alone.\"

Outside the White House, Nunes said, \"What I've read bothers me, and I think it should bother the president himself and his team.\"

Trump said he felt \"somewhat\" vindicated by the Republican's revelations. \"I very much appreciated the fact that they found what they found,\" he said.

The disclosure came two days after FBI Director James Comey publicly confirmed the bureau's own investigation into the Trump campaign's connections with Russia and rejected Trump's explosive claims that President Barack Obama wiretapped his New York skyscraper during the election. Comey's comments came during the intelligence committee's first public hearing on Russia's election interference, an investigation being overseen by Nunes.

Nunes briefed reporters on the new information without consulting with Schiff, and that did not sit well with the top Democrat on the committee.

Schiff declared he now has \"profound doubt\" about the integrity and independence of the committee's probe. He said that \"a credible investigation cannot be conducted this way.\"

Later, in an interview with MSNBC, Schiff said evidence \"that is not circumstantial and is very much worthy of an investigation\" exists of Trump associates colluding with Russia as it interfered in last year's election. He did not outline that evidence.

Nunes said he believed the Trump team's communications were caught \"incidentally.\" But he suggested the contents may have been inappropriately disseminated in intelligence reports. He left open the possibility the communications were spread for political reasons. Nunes would not disclose how he received the new information.

It was unclear whether Trump's own communications were monitored. Nunes initially said \"yes\" when asked if Trump was among those swept up in the intelligence monitoring, but then said it was only \"possible.\"

It's common for Americans to get caught up in U.S. surveillance of foreigners, such as foreign diplomats in the U.S. talking to an American. Typically, the American's name would not be revealed in a report about the intercepted communications. However, if there is a foreign intelligence value to revealing the American's name, it is \"unmasked\" and shared with other intelligence analysts who are working on related foreign intelligence surveillance.

Schiff disputed Nunes' suggestions that there was improper \"unmasking.\" He said that after speaking with Nunes, it appeared that the names of Americans were still guarded in the intercepts though their identities could be gleaned from the materials.

Obama administration officials disputed the suggestion that the outgoing administration was improperly monitoring its successors. Ned Price, who served as spokesman for Obama's National Security Council, said Nunes' assertions \"were nothing more than an attempt to offer a lifeline to a White House caught in its own netting following President Trump's baseless tweets.\"

Matthew Waxman, a national security law professor at Columbia University, said Nunes' actions \"in this case are contributing to, rather than alleviating concerns, about politicization of intelligence.\"

Nunes said the information on the Trump team was collected in November, December and January, the period after the election when Trump was holding calls with foreign leaders, interviewing potential Cabinet secretaries and beginning to sketch out administration policy. He said the monitored material was \"widely disseminated\" in intelligence reports.

Asked whether he believed the transition team had been spied on, Nunes said: \"It all depends on one's definition of spying.\"

Nunes did not identify any of the Trump associates he said were \"unmasked,\" but they are believed to include Michael Flynn, who was fired as White House national security adviser after misleading Vice President Mike Pence and other top officials about his contacts with Russia's ambassador to the United States.

___

AP writers Eileen Sullivan and Eric Tucker contributed to this report.

___

Follow Julie Pace at http://twitter.com/jpaceDC and Deb Riechmann at http://twitter.com/debriechmann

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WESTON, Wis. (AP) \u2014 A police officer and three other people were shot and killed when a domestic dispute at a bank escalated into shootings at three locations in northern Wisconsin on Wednesday, investigators said. A suspect was in custody.

The shootings happened at a bank, a law firm and an apartment complex, where officers, including a SWAT team, had a standoff with the suspect for several hours before ending in a volley of gunfire around 5 p.m.

Authorities took no questions in a brief news conference late Wednesday and gave no details on the four victims or suspect. They said there was no remaining threat to the public. Jason Smith, a deputy administrator for the state Department of Justice's Division of Criminal Investigation, said more than 100 officers were investigating and more information would be released Thursday.

The violence unfolded in a cluster of small towns south of Wausau, about 90 miles west of Green Bay. The officer worked for Everest Metro, a small, 27-officer force that serves Schofield and Weston.

\"I would like to send all my thoughts and ask everybody listening, 'Thoughts and prayers to all the victims and their families.' Everest Metro Chief Wally Sparks said. \"Please keep them in your prayers and be with our officers.\"

The first shooting was reported shortly after midday at Marathon Savings Bank in nearby Rothschild. Officers responding a reported \"domestic situation\" at the bank arrived to find two people had been shot. They said the suspect was gone when they arrived.

A second call came about 10 minutes later from the Tlusty, Kennedy and Dirks law firm in nearby Schofield. The third shooting happened at 1:30 p.m. from an apartment complex in Weston.

A woman who lives in the complex said she looked out her apartment window at the complex about 1:15 p.m. to see a squad car approach, and a few seconds later heard a gunshot and saw the officer fall. Kelly Hanson, 21, told The Associated Press she saw other officers put the wounded policeman in an armored SWAT vehicle and take him away, but she could not tell if he was alive or dead.

\"I thought, what is going on? I know what a gun sounds like, and thought 'This isn't good,'\" Hanson said. She said she stayed in her apartment until about 4:45 p.m. when she heard a volley of about 10 shots and began to \"freak out.\" Authorities eventually let her leave her apartment.

\"It's tragic that had to happen, but I think they did a good job out here today,\" Hanson said.

SWAT members entered the apartment building about 2:30 p.m., the Wausau Daily Herald reported. Nearby schools and a hospital went on lockdown. The lockdowns were later lifted.

Susan Thompson, a resident of the building, told the newspaper she heard gunshots and heard someone scream. As she left her apartment, police called to her to get inside and lock her doors. Thompson, 21, said she had her 2-year-old daughter in the apartment. Officers later came to her door and helped her and her daughter outside, she said.

Omar Sey, 31, who said he had just moved to the apartment complex, learned of the shooting after he arrived home to find dozens of squad cars outside. Sey, who said he had moved to Wisconsin from Gambia, said he didn't understand why such things happen in America.

\"This is crazy,\" he said. \"You have everything at your disposal. Why don't you make your life better instead of engaging in this.\"

___

This version of the story corrects the location of the apartment complex. Police now say it is in Weston, not Schofield. This also corrects day of week to Wednesday instead of Thursday.

___

Associated Press reporters Jeff Baenen, Doug Glass and Steve Karnowski contributed to this report from Minneapolis.

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PHOENIX (AP) \u2014 The parents of a 9-year-old boy who was shot in the head in their Phoenix home put off calling 911 as they cleaned up evidence in multiple rooms of the house, police said Wednesday, calling it a case that \"shocks your conscience.\"

Wendy Lavarnia told police that her 2-year-old son found a gun left on a bed and accidentally shot his older brother Monday. Police cast doubt on her story as they launched a murder investigation involving the 28-year-old woman and her ex-convict husband, Kansas Lavarnia.

Police began to become suspicious of the mother's story when they found inconsistencies in her account and when the boy's father showed up at the home with a crudely bandaged gunshot wound on his upper arm.

The wound looked to have been punctured multiple times, possibly with a screwdriver, to camouflage the injury, authorities said.

Police declined to specify the mother's inconsistencies or say who they think shot the boy and his father. It's unclear whether the couple is represented by lawyers who can speak on their behalf.

Authorities said the parents delayed medical care for their son to clean up evidence in the house. Police declined to say whether they believe the boy would be alive had authorities been alerted sooner.

A probable-cause statement filed by police says the lack of visible blood and the extent of blood residue implied that a significant amount of time passed before authorities were called.

\"We have a 9-year-old critically wounded, shot in the head, in dire need of lifesaving efforts and care, which was delayed and not provided to this young man,\" police Sgt. Vince Lewis said. \"It definitely shocks your conscience.\"

Lewis declined to specify the efforts taken to clean up evidence in several rooms at the house.

The father's appearance at the home three hours after officers started investigating was suspicious because he was injured, Lewis said. Police say they found evidence of blood in the trunk of the vehicle that Kansas Lavarnia drove to the house.

He was booked on suspicion of first-degree murder, child abuse and hindering prosecution, while Wendy Lavarnia was booked on suspicion of first-degree murder, court documents said. Prosecutors have not yet filed charges.

In a court appearance before her son died, the mother asked a judge whether she could go to the hospital to see the boy, but the judge said she could not leave jail without posting bond. Kansas Lavarnia's only statements in court were responses to questions about his name and date of birth.

They are now being held in lieu of $1 million bond each.

Kansas Lavarnia had originally been booked on weapons misconduct. He was barred from having a gun in the home because of three 2009 convictions for theft and possession of burglary tools. He completed a three-year prison sentence in 2012.

He blamed his convictions on a longstanding addiction to pain medications, saying he started taking the drugs after he broke his back in an ATV accident when he was 15, according to court records.

He said he was sober from 18 to 21 but later resumed using pain medications. Once such drugs got too expensive, he turned to cheaper illegal drugs, using cocaine and heroin for a few years, records say.

Neighbors of the couple said the children could sometimes be seen outside wearing only a diaper.

\"Their kids were always running in the front with their diapers on,\" said Marie Mosley, who lives next door. \"They always yelled and cussed at them, which I didn't think was right, to cuss at little babies like that.\"

Mosley also was surprised when she saw the mother emerge from the house showing little emotion, considering her child had just been shot in the head and taken away by paramedics.

The couple's three surviving children are in the care of the state's child-welfare agency.

The district where the shooting victim attended school said in a statement released to parents Wednesday that he was a kind, smart and creative boy who was friends with all. Landen Lavarnia was a second-grader at Sahuaro Elementary School.

The school said Landen Lavarnia always helped his classmates when working on group projects and that he was a clever boy.

\"Our hearts are absolutely broken,\" principal Deb Menendez said in the statement.

Kansas Lavarnia's first conviction stemmed from a January 2009 arrest when he was seen crouched down in a car outside a home where $480 in property had been stolen. The victim recognized the driver as Lavarnia, who used to clean fish tanks for the victim, authorities said.

Seven months later, police say Lavarnia tried to steal a sports car in his apartment complex and used tools in a bid to tamper with the vehicle's ignition.

A month later, Lavarnia used a friend's stolen driver's license to withdraw $4,500 out of his bank account, investigators said. Lavarnia told authorities he was abusing drugs at the time and wasn't thinking clearly, court records said.

___

Associated Press writer Clarice Silber contributed to this report.

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SEOUL, South Korea (AP) \u2014 A 6,800-ton South Korean ferry emerged from the water on Thursday, nearly three years after it capsized and sank into violent seas off the country's southwestern coast, an emotional moment for the country that continues to search for closure to one of its deadliest disasters ever.

More than 300 people \u2014 most of whom were students on a high school trip \u2014 died when the Sewol sank on April 16, 2014, touching off an outpouring of national grief and soul searching about long-ignored public safety and regulatory failures. The public outrage over what was seen as a botched rescue job by the government contributed to the recent ouster of Park Geun-hye as president.

Workers on two barges began the salvaging operation Wednesday night, rolling up 66 cables connected to a frame of metal beams divers spent months putting beneath the ferry, which had been lying on its left side in about 40 meters (130 feet) of water.

By 3:45 a.m., Sewol's stabilizer surfaced from the water. About an hour later, the blue-and-white right side of ferry, rusty and scratched and its name \"SEWOL\" no longer visible from where it was, emerged for the first time in more than 1,000 days.

By about 7 a.m., the ferry had been raised enough for workers to climb on it and further fasten it to the barges.

Lee Cheoljo, an official from the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries, told reporters that workers will need until late afternoon or the evening to raise the ferry until its upper side is about 13 meters (42 feet) above the surface.

Salvage crews will then load the ferry onto a semi-submersible, heavy-lift vessel that will carry it to a mainland port. The loading process, including emptying the ferry of water and fuel, is expected to take days.

The bodies of 295 passengers were recovered after the sinking on April 16, 2014, but nine are still missing. Relatives, some of whom who are watching from two fishing boats just outside the operation area, are hoping that those remains will be found inside the ferry.

\"I can see it. I can see where my daughter is,\" Park Eun-mi, the mother of a missing 17-year-old girl, told a television crew as her boat approached the salvaging site on Wednesday. Lee Geum-hee, the mother of another missing student, said, \"We just want one thing \u2014 for the ship to be pulled up so that we can take our children home.\"

Once the ferry reaches a port 90 kilometers (55 miles) away in the city of Mokpo, in about two weeks, workers will begin clearing the mud and debris and search for the remains of the missing victims. An investigation committee will also be formed to search for clues that could further explain the cause of the sinking, which has been blamed on overloaded cargo, improper storage and other negligence.

The ferry's captain survived and is serving a life sentence after a court found him guilty of committing homicide through \"willful negligence\" because he fled the ship without issuing an evacuation order.

Park was forced to defend herself against accusations that she was out of contact for several hours on the day of the sinking. The allegations were included in an impeachment bill lawmakers passed against Park in December, amid broader corruption suspicions.

Park was formally removed from office by the Constitutional Court earlier this month. She is now under criminal investigation over suspicions that she conspired with a confidante to extort money and favors from companies and allow the friend to secretly interfere with state affairs.

South Korea in 2015 agreed to an 85.1 billion won ($76 million) deal with a consortium led by China's state-run Shanghai Salvage Co. to raise the Sewol.

The government initially planned to salvage the ferry by the end of last year, but the process was delayed due to strong currents and unfavorable weather conditions.

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LONDON (AP) \u2014 The latest on the attack outside Britain's Parliament (all times local):

1:35 a.m.

New Zealand's prime minister is condemning the attack outside Britain's Parliament that resulted in five deaths, including the assailant.

Prime Minister Bill English told reporters in Rotorua that he has written to British Prime Minister Theresa May to express support for her government and to offer his country's condolences to the victim's families.

A knife-wielding man went on the deadly rampage in the heart of Britain's seat of power Wednesday, plowing a car into pedestrians on London's Westminster Bridge before stabbing a police officer to death inside the gates of Parliament. Other officers fatally shot the attacker.

In addition to the dead, 40 people have injuries.

May has condemned the incident as a \"sick and depraved terrorist attack.\"

___

12:15 a.m.

South Korea's Foreign Ministry says five South Koreans in their 50s and 60s were among the 40 people injured in London during the terror attack outside Parliament.

The ministry says the five were hurt when they were caught up in a stampede of people trying to escape the attack.

It says four of the South Koreans suffered broken bones and other injuries and a woman in her late 60s needed an operation to treat a head injury.

___

10:30 p.m.

British police say five people died in the terror attack outside Parliament.

Counter-terrorism chief Mark Rowley said one policeman, three civilians and the attacker died.

He said a further 40 people were wounded.

The assailant has not been identified. Rowley said police think they know the identity of the man but would not reveal details. He said Islamic extremism is suspected in the attack.

He said extra armed police would be on the streets in the coming days to reassure the public, and hundreds of police officers are working on the case.

He identified the police officer who died as Keith Palmer, 48.

___

10:20 p.m.

Buckingham Palace officials say Queen Elizabeth II will postpone plans to open the new Scotland Yard headquarters.

The palace said Wednesday night that the queen's visit, which had been set for Thursday, will be postponed.

The change is due to security concerns raised by the terror attack on Parliament.

It is also expected that police will be involved with a major investigation that will occupy many officers.

The queen was to have been joined by her husband Prince Philip at the official opening of the new building.

___

10:15 p.m.

Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull says the police presence at the Australian Parliament House has been increased in response to the London attacks.

\"Australia's heartfelt sympathy and resolute solidarity is with the people of the United Kingdom with whom we stand today as we always have in freedom's cause. Staunch allies in the war against terrorism,\" Turnbull told reporters on Thursday.

\"The attack on the British Parliament is an attack on parliaments, freedom and democracy everywhere,\" he added.

___

10:05 p.m.

The Eiffel Tower is going dark in mourning and solidarity with Britain after an attack around the British Parliament in which four people, including the attacker, were killed.

Paris Mayor Anne Hidalgo, whose city has suffered deadly extremist attacks in recent years, announced that the tower is turning off its twinkling lights at midnight (2300 GMT).

Three French teenagers on a school trip were among those injured in Wednesday's attack targeting pedestrians on London's Westminster Bridge and a police officer on the nearby Parliament grounds.

French President Francois Hollande offered support for Britain and the investigation.

___

9 p.m.

Prime Minister Theresa May has condemned the \"sick and depraved terrorist attack\" in London and says the targeting Parliament was no accident.

In a late-night statement outside her Downing Street office Wednesday, a defiant May said the nation will not give in to terror and those who targeted the seat of power in Britain.

She insisted that \"tomorrow morning Parliament will meet as normal,\" and urged the country to move on and behave as normal on Thursday.

May says \"we will all move forward together, never giving in to terror and never allowing the voices of hate and evil to drive us apart.\"

The prime minister confirmed that four people died in the attack and praised the security services who ran toward danger.

___

8 p.m.

A French government plane is set to fly to London Wednesday evening to bring the families of three French students wounded in the attacks at the British Parliament to their loved ones.

French President Francois Hollande announced the move in a statement Wednesday night after speaking with British Prime Minister Theresa May.

May confirmed to Hollande that three French high school students from France's western Britanny region were wounded in the attacks, the statement said.

Hollande offered his condolences to May for those who died in the attacks and expressed France's solidarity with Britain \"in this tragic ordeal.\"

\"The British and French services are in close contact to conduct the investigation,\" Hollande added.

London is a common destination for French school trips.

___

7:55 p.m.

Romania's foreign ministry says two Romanians were wounded in a deadly attack in London's Westminster that left four dead.

The ministry said the two had been taken to a hospital for treatment. There were no further details on the identity of the two or how seriously they were injured. The ministry said it had been informed by authorities in London.

A knife-wielding man went on a deadly rampage near the Parliament, mowing down pedestrians on London's Westminster Bridge before stabbing an armed police officer to death inside the gates of Parliament. Four people were killed, including the attacker. About 20 others were injured.

___

7:20 p.m.

Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy condemned the deadly attack in London's Westminster on Wednesday and offered condolences to the British people in a telegram sent to his British counterpart Theresa May.

\"An execrable terrorist act like the one that took place today is a reminder that we face complex challenges for the security of our societies,\" said Rajoy in a transcript of the telegram distributed by Moncloa, the prime minister's palace.

\"We must remain united against these type of threats that affect all of us equally and that know no barriers,\" Rajoy wrote, offering Spain's support to the UK.

Israel, which that has faced a wave of Palestinian car ramming, stabbing and shooting assaults since 2015, also expressed solidarity with the victims of the London attack.

Deputy Foreign Minister Tzipi Hotovely said in a statement. \"Israel expresses its deep shock at the terror attack in London today and its solidarity with the victims and with the people and government of Great Britain. Terror is terror wherever it occurs and we will fight it relentlessly.\"

___

6:50 p.m.

One British lawmaker was hailed by some as a hero in Wednesday's attack on the British Parliament.

Conservative parliamentarian and Foreign Office minister Tobias Ellwood, whose brother was killed in the Bali terror attack in 2002, performed mouth-to-mouth resuscitation on the police officer who was stabbed and later died. About 10 yards away was the attacker who was shot dead by police after scaling the security wall toward Parliament's grounds.

Ellwood, who served in the British military, applied pressure to the police officer's multiple lacerations.

Photographs showed Ellwood's bloodied hands and face from the police officer's wounds while the alleged attacker was seen nearby.

___

6:20 p.m.

The White House is condemning the attacks in London involving a car rampage and knife attack. President Donald Trump is said to be monitoring developments.

Spokesman Sean Spicer said Wednesday Trump spoke with British Prime Minister Theresa May and said that the White House applauds \"the quick response of British police and first responders\" and condemns the attacks.

A vehicle mowed down pedestrians on a bridge and the attacker then stabbed a police officer outside the British Parliament. At least four people died, including the attacker and a police officer.

Spicer says that the city of London and the British government have the \"full support\" of the U.S. as they investigate the attack.

The U.S. Homeland Security Department says the security posture in the United States has not changed in the wake of the attack.

___

6:15 p.m.

The Italian interior ministry says the nation's top security and intelligence officials will huddle in Rome on Thursday for \"an evaluation of the terrorist threat\" after the attacks in London.

The ministry said minister Marco Minniti convened the Committee of Strategic Anti-terrorism Analyses following \"the tragic facts in London,\" in which a vehicle mowed down pedestrians on a bridge and the attacker then stabbed a police officer outside the British Parliament. At least four people died, including the attacker and a police officer.

Italian security was already on high alert for a European Union summit bringing EU nation leaders to Rome Friday for a meeting with Pope Francis at the Vatican, and a ceremony in the Italian capital Saturday.

Authorities are bracing for possible violence during several marches Saturday, drawing thousands of both pro-and anti-EU participants.

___

6:05 p.m.

The head of counterterrorism at London's Metropolitan Police, says four people have died in the terror incident in London, including an attacker and a police officer.

Mark Rowley says some 20 people have been wounded and Parliament was locked down. A search is underway to make certain no other attackers are in the area \u2014 though police believe there was only one attacker.

Rowley said the dead policeman was one of the armed officers who guard Parliament. The other victims were on Westminster Bridge.

Rowley says \"We are satisfied at this stage that it looks like there was only one attacker. But it would be foolish to be overconfident early on.\"

___

5:50 p.m.

French President Francois Hollande and German Chancellor Angela Merkel have both expressed their support and solidarity with Britain after the attacks at the British Parliament in London.

\"We are all concerned with terrorism,\" Hollande told reporters Wednesday during a visit in Villepinte, outside Paris. \"France, which has been struck so hard lately, knows what the British people are suffering today.\"

Hollande added that countries \"must bring all the conditions to answer these attacks\" and that \"it is clear that it is at the European level, and even beyond that, that we must organize ourselves.\"

French Interior Minister Matthias Fekl said \"it is a high place of democracy that has been attacked\" and that France is \"obviously ready to help.\"

Merkel said in a statement Wednesday that she learned \"with sorrow\" of Wednesday's incident and her thoughts were \"with our British friends and all of the people of London,\" in particular those who were injured.

While the circumstances of the attack were still unclear, \"I want to say for Germany and its citizens: we stand firmly and resolutely by Great Britain's side in the fight against all forms of terrorism,\" she said.

___

5:45 p.m.

Russian Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova has expressed sympathy to those injured and condolences to the relatives of those who died in the incident at Britain's parliament, and has underlined the need for global cooperation in the fight against terrorism.

\"We don't split terrorism into categories; we consider it as absolute evil. At this moment, as always, our hearts are together with the British people, we feel their pain and speak again about the need to confront that evil,\" she said.

___

5:40 p.m.

British Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson was absent from a \"family photo\" of officials attending a conference on the Islamic State group in Washington, D.C.

Secretary of State Rex Tillerson, who was also at the meeting, issued a statement offering his condolences to the victims.

\"The American people send their thoughts and prayers to the people of the United Kingdom. We condemn these horrific acts of violence, and whether they were carried out by troubled individuals or by terrorists, the victims know no difference,\" he said.

State Department spokesman Mark Toner said the U.S. was ready to assist in any way.

\"The safety and security of U.S. citizens overseas is one of our highest priorities. Our embassy in London is monitoring the situation closely,\" he added.

___

5:30 p.m.

Three students on a school trip from Saint-Joseph high school in the Brittany town of Concarneau were among the injured, according to the French foreign ministry.

The ministry said it is in contact with British authorities.

___

5:25 p.m.

French Prime Minister Bernard Cazeneuve says that French high school students are among the wounded in the attack in London.

In a tweet Wednesday, Cazeneuve offered support to the British as well as to \"the French students wounded, their families and their schoolmates.\"

London is a common destination for French school trips.

___

5:15 p.m.

British port officials say they pulled a woman from the Thames River following the incident on Westminster Bridge.

The Port of London Authority says a female member of the public was recovered from the river, injured but alive.

The authority says it has closed the river between Vauxhall Bridge and Embankment while a major security operation is under way after a suspected terror attack at the Houses of Parliament in London.

___

5:10 p.m.

Britain's Prime Minister Theresa May will chair a meeting of the government emergency committee to discuss the response to the terror incident in London.

The emergency committee known as Cobra coordinates the high-level response to serious incidents. It brings together government ministers with senior officials of the emergency services and security and intelligence agencies.

Such meetings are held after serious incidents such at the July 7, 2005, attack on London transport services.

The Wednesday meeting is held in the briefing room of the Cabinet Office on Whitehall.

___

5 p.m.

The London Ambulance Service says it has treated at least 10 injured people on Westminster Bridge after a vehicle hit pedestrians.

It says the first ambulance arrived within six minutes of the first call at 2:40 p.m. (1440GMT).

Ambulances, an air ambulance and a Hazardous Area Response Team were all sent to the scene.

One woman has been confirmed dead, and a body was seen lying in the yard of Parliament, where a knifeman stabbed a police officer and was shot by police.

People began leaving the Houses of Parliament about two hours after the incident.

___

4:50 p.m.

A senior police commander says the attack at London's Parliament has been declared a terrorist incident and \"a full counterterrorism investigation is underway.\"

Commander B.J. Harrington says \"a number\" of people have been injured, including police officers.

He says additional police officers, armed and unarmed, will be deployed across London during the evening rush hour as part of efforts to keep people safe.

___

4:35 p.m.

The Scottish Parliament in Edinburgh suspended its debate on a second independence referendum after the incident outside the British Parliament in London.

Scottish lawmakers had been planning to vote after two days of debate on First Minister Nicola Sturgeon's call for another referendum on leaving the United Kingdom.

The debate was suspended after some members said it should be halted out of respect after a policeman was stabbed and his attacker shot in London.

Sturgeon tweeted that her thoughts were with everyone in Westminster \"caught up in this dreadful incident.\"

___

4:30 p.m.

A doctor says a woman has died and about a dozen people are hurt, some with \"catastrophic\" injuries, after a vehicle apparently hit pedestrians on Westminster Bridge, near Parliament.

Colleen Anderson of St Thomas' Hospital says a female pedestrian has died.

Anderson said: \"There were people across the bridge. There were some with minor injuries, some catastrophic. Some had injuries they could walk away from or who have life-changing injuries.\"

She said there might be a dozen injured in all.

___

4:20 p.m.

Poland's former foreign minister, Radek Sikorski, says he was in a taxi leaving Westminster and was checking his email when he heard something like a car crash, \"something like a car hitting metal sheet.\"

\"I look up and I see that a person is lying on the pavement. I started my camera and I saw more people lying on the street and on the pavement,\" Sikorski said on Poland's TVN24.

\"People started running up to them. I saw one person who gave no sign of life, another man was bleeding from his head. In all, I saw five people who were at least seriously injured,\" he said.

\"The taxi driver immediately called the emergency number. I heard ambulances within two or three minutes, so the rescue action was really very quick. There is a hospital near there.\"

\"It all happened so fast that there was no time to get scared,\" said Sikorski who posted his video on Twitter.

___

4:05 p.m.

The U.S. State Department says it is closely monitoring the incident outside London's Parliament and urged Americans in London to avoid the area.

Spokesman Mark Toner said Wednesday: \"We stand ready to assist in any way the U.K. authorities would find helpful.\"

He added that the U.S. Embassy in London is closely following the news and stands ready to help any affected Americans.

He said: \"Our hearts go out to those affected.\"

___

3:50 p.m.

Witness Rick Longley told the Press Association that he saw a man stab a policeman outside Britain's Parliament.

\"We were just walking up to the station and there was a loud bang and a guy, someone, crashed a car and took some pedestrians out,\" he said.

\"They were just laying there and then the whole crowd just surged around the corner by the gates just opposite Big Ben.

\"A guy came past my right shoulder with a big knife and just started plunging it into the policeman.

\"I have never seen anything like that. I just can't believe what I just saw.\"

Lawmaker Adam Holloway told the AP he saw people running and immediately ran into his offices in Parliament to be with his staff. \"A lot of us are locked in with our staff at the moment,\" he said.

___

3:50 p.m.

The White House says U.S. President Donald Trump has been briefed on a gun and knife incident at Britain's Parliament in London.

Trump himself said during a brief appearance Wednesday before reporters at the White House that he was just getting the news. He called it \"big news.\"

Trump's spokesman, Sean Spicer, says the U.S. will continue to monitor the situation and update the president.

Britain's Parliament was on lockdown after \u2014 according to officials \u2014 an assailant stabbed an officer then was shot by police.

London Police also said officers were called to an incident on nearby Westminster Bridge

___

3:40 p.m.

British lawmaker Grant Shapps said on Twitter that he was walking through the cloisters of the House of Commons to vote when he heard four gunshots. Police told lawmakers to get down on the ground and crawl to cover.

\"Police response instant. Heard commotion, looked round. Police weapons drawn, 4 shots, police ordered us to hit ground & get back, get back,\" he said.

___

3:40 p.m.

The former Polish foreign minister Radek Sikorski posted a video on Twitter that seems to show people lying injured in the road on Westminster Bridge.

Sikorski, a senior fellow at the Harvard Centre for European Studies, says he saw at least five people lying on the ground after being \"mown down\" by a car.

Sikorski told the BBC he \"heard what I thought what I thought was just a collision and then I looked through the window of the taxi and someone down, obviously in great distress.

\"Then I saw a second person down, and I started filming, then I saw three more people down, one of them bleeding profusely.\"

___

3:35 p.m.

London police say they are treating a gun and knife incident at Britain's Parliament \"as a terrorist incident until we know otherwise.\"

The Metropolitan Police says in a statement that the incident is ongoing. It is urging people to stay away from the area.

Officials say a man with a knife attacked a police officer at Parliament and was shot by officers.

There are also reports of a vehicle hitting pedestrians on nearby Westminster Bridge.

___

3:25 p.m.

A European security official says there was increased chatter on jihadi networks Tuesday following the UK's adoption of an electronics ban aboard flights from certain mostly Muslim countries.

He said, however, there was no information that the incident was terror-related.

The official spoke on condition of anonymity because he was not authorized to speak about ongoing security operations.

\u2014By Paisley Dodds.

___

3:15 p.m.

The leader of Britain's House of Commons says a man attacked a police officer at Parliament and has been shot by police.

David Lidington says the Parliament complex is in lockdown.

He says there are reports of further violent incidents neaby, and police say they have been called to a firearms incident on nearby Westminster Bridge.

Witnesses said a vehicle struck several people on the bridge, and photos showed a car plowed into railings.

___

3:05 p.m.

The leader of Britain's House of Commons says a man has been shot by police at Parliament. David Lidington also said there were \"reports of further violent incidents in the vicinity.\"

London's police said officers had been called to a firearms incident on Westminster Bridge, near the parliament.

A session of Parliament was suspended after the incident.

Britain's MI5 says it is too early to say if the incident is terror-related.

___

2:55 p.m.

A session of Britain's House of Commons has been suspended as witnesses reported hearing sounds like gunfire nearby.

The Commons' speaker suspended the session as police responded to an incident.

Journalists at the Parliament building said they were told to stay in their offices.

The Press Association news agency reported that two people were seen lying within the grounds of Parliament.

Police had no immediate confirmation.

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LAS VEGAS (AP) \u2014 A jury in Las Vegas decided a 24-year-old man should become the youngest person on Nevada's death row for the 2011 rape, killing and mutilation of a 15-year-old girl who had texted her mother to say she was on her way home after fetching a school book.

Javier Righetti was 19 when Alyssa Otremba disappeared and searchers found her charred body the next day in a vacant lot not far from her home in northwest Las Vegas.

His court-appointed attorney, Christy Craig, declined Wednesday to comment on the verdict, which was read late Tuesday in Clark County District Court. Craig had sought life in prison without parole, and Righetti apologized to people he acknowledged he hurt.

Righetti is due for formal sentencing in Clark County District Court on May 9 \u2014 his 25th birthday \u2014 on charges also including kidnapping, battery, robbery and sexual assault of a victim under 16 years old.

He'll become the 83rd person on death row in Nevada, and his sentence will be automatically appealed. The last execution in Nevada was in 2006.

The slain girl's mother, Jennifer Otremba, told reporters at the courthouse that the verdict wasn't a win for anybody.

\"Two families have been destroyed,\" she said. \"We have the rest of life to live without Alyssa.\"

Police said Otremba was abducted, sexually assaulted, stabbed 80 times and had the letters \"LV\" carved in her thigh before her body was left in a tunnel. Righetti returned later to douse the corpse with gasoline and burn it into unrecognizability.

Investigators said there was no evidence that Righetti knew Otremba. He told police following his arrest he wanted to prove he could be as brutal as the most notorious Las Vegas gang member, although police said there was no evidence he was in a gang.

The same jury that decided the death sentence found Righetti guilty last week of capital murder in a retrial on an unusually narrow question of whether the slaying was premeditated.

The Nevada Supreme Court ruled last month that Righetti's plea to the murder charge was unacceptable because he didn't specify that it was willful, deliberate and planned. Righetti's guilty pleas to other charges stood.

Jurors heard evidence this week that even before Otremba's slaying, Righetti was sought in Mexico on an arrest warrant in a rape case involving his 16-year-old cousin.

Prosecutors Giancarlo Pesci and Michelle Fleck said the jury decision for death provided justice for all of Righetti's victims.

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ORLANDO, Fla. (AP) \u2014 B.J. Taylor scored 17 points, Tacko Fall had a double-double and Central Florida held on to defeat Illinois 68-58 on Wednesday night to advance to the final four of the NIT.

A.J. Davis and Matt Williams added 16 points apiece for the Knights (24-11), who play TCU in a semifinal game at Madison Square Garden on Tuesday. Fall had 10 points and 10 rebounds.

UCF was the fourth-seed in the bracket and Illinois (20-15) No. 2 but due to an arena conflict the Fighting Illini couldn't host the game. The Knights took advantage with the first sellout crowd in 10,000-seat CFE Arena history to move within one win of tying for the most in school history.

Both teams had five 3-pointers in the first half but Illinois only had two other baskets, shooting 7 for 26 to fall behind 34-19.

UCF pushed the lead to 19 midway through the second half and was up 52-37 before Malcolm Hill rallied the Illini. Hill hit back-to-back 3-pointers and then made three free throws with 3:14 to play to cut the deficit to six. But Davis made 5 of 6 free throws from there and Taylor was 6 of 8 in the final minute.

Hill had 29 points to finish his Illini career with 1,846, third all-time. Jamall Walker went 2-1 as the interim coach after replacing John Groce, who was fired after the Big Ten Tournament. Illinois introduced Oklahoma State coach Brad Underwood as its new coach on Monday.

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The deceased are from Tucson unless otherwise noted.

Abeyta, Carlos, 51, truck driver, March 4, Adair Dodge.

Arvizu, Ruben M., 73, plumber, Jan. 30, Adair Dodge.

Bauer, Dora, 90, cook, March 6, East Lawn Palms.

Boatman, Robert, 92, roofing, March 6, East Lawn Palms.

Burke, Walter, 69, technician, March 11, East Lawn Palms.

Cairns, Beverly, 84, researcher, March 12, East Lawn Palms.

Carasso, Pierre, 87, investment counselor, March 7, East Lawn Palms.

Cassell, Candace, 66, dispatcher, March 13, East Lawn Palms.

Frederick, Bruce E., 85, manager, March 13, Adair Dodge.

Harvey, Marjorie, 95, homemaker, March 5, East Lawn Palms.

Hunkins, Joseph D., 87, draftsman, March 15, Desert Rose Heather.

Hutton, Brian S., 77, underwriter, Richmond, MI, March 18, Adair Dodge.

Jeter, Wayburn, 91, professor, March 4, East Lawn Palms.

Johnson, Roger E., 76, consultant, Patagonia, March 13, Adair Dodge.

Kelly, Alma, 94, assembler, March 10, East Lawn Palms.

Ketring, Lewis, 77, control operator, March 2, East Lawn Palms.

Lawrence, William, 74, engineer, March 5, East Lawn Palms.

Lemick, Steve, 94, salesman, March 3, East Lawn Palms.

MacDonald, Kimberly, 54, administrative assistance, Feb. 27, East Lawn Palms.

Murphey, Marjorie L., 79, clerk, March 19, Desert Rose Heather.

Nazzaro, William, 93, foreman, March 19, Desert Rose Heather.

Pancost, Jerry, 81, business owner, March 14, East Lawn Palms.

Pearson, Todd, 45, manager, Feb. 27, East Lawn Palms.

Pulos, Benjamin, 86, pharmacist, March 7, East Lawn Palms.

Rice, Sophia, 90, homemaker, Feb. 17, East Lawn Palms.

Rudd, Patricia, 73, business owner, March 5, East Lawn Palms.

Rupert, Peggie, 84, teacher, March 3, East Lawn Palms.

Salvatus, Norberto, 85, water safety, March 6, East Lawn Palms.

Shell, Timothy, 76, business owner, March 5, East Lawn Palms.

Sugden Jr., Norman, 45, military, March 11, East Lawn Palms.

Waesch, Herbert, 91, assistant superintendent, Feb. 28, East Lawn Palms.

Wendell, Corinne R., 88, secretary, March 17, Adair Dodge.

"}, {"id":"8287afbe-8fde-5f68-802f-1bf70a561526","type":"article","starttime":"1490232631","starttime_iso8601":"2017-03-22T18:30:31-07:00","lastupdated":"1490235391","priority":0,"sections":[{"national":"news/national"}],"flags":{"ap":"true"},"application":"editorial","title":"The Latest: Officer, 3 others killed in Wisconsin shootings","url":"http://tucson.com/news/national/article_8287afbe-8fde-5f68-802f-1bf70a561526.html","permalink":"http://tucson.com/news/national/the-latest-officer-others-killed-in-wisconsin-shootings/article_8287afbe-8fde-5f68-802f-1bf70a561526.html","canonical":"http://www.apnewsarchive.com/2017/Police-in-northern-Wisconsin-say-an-officer-and-three-other-people-were-killed-in-what-apparently-began-as-a-domestic-dispute-in-a-bank/id-14cbaeb2aa3a4f44ba6d9834032ca3ae","relatedAssetCounts":{"article":0,"audio":0,"image":0,"link":0,"vmix":0,"youtube":0,"gallery":0},"prologue":"WESTON, Wis. (AP) \u2014 The Latest on a string of shootings in northern Wisconsin that killed a police officer and three others and prompted local schools and a hospital to go on lockdown (all times local):","supportsComments":true,"commentCount":0,"keywords":["wire","general news","shootings","violent crime","crime","school violence","violence","social issues","social affairs","school safety","education issues","education","social media","online media","media","school shootings"],"internalKeywords":["#lee","#ap"],"customProperties":{},"presentation":null,"revision":10,"commentID":"8287afbe-8fde-5f68-802f-1bf70a561526","body":"

WESTON, Wis. (AP) \u2014 The Latest on a string of shootings in northern Wisconsin that killed a police officer and three others and prompted local schools and a hospital to go on lockdown (all times local):

8:20 p.m.

Police in northern Wisconsin say an officer and three other people were killed in what apparently began as a domestic dispute in a bank.

Everest Metro Police Chief Wally Sparks said the slain officer was from his department. Sparks did not release the officer's name. The names of the other three dead also were not released.

Sparks said a suspect was in custody.

The violence in the small town of Rothschild began shortly after noon on Wednesday, after police were summoned to what they called a \"domestic situation\" at Marathon Savings Bank.

They say they arrived to find two people with gunshot wounds and the suspect gone. Authorities say a second shooting happened soon after at a law firm and a third at an apartment complex.

___

7:10 p.m.

A witness to the shooting of a police officer in northern Wisconsin says he was hit moments after arriving at an apartment complex in pursuit of a suspect in a string of shootings.

Kelly Hanson says she looked out her apartment window in the small town of Weston about 1:15 p.m. to see a squad car approach, and a few seconds later heard a gunshot and saw the officer fall. She says other officers then drove in with an armored vehicle to retrieve him.

Authorities haven't released information on the officer's condition.

Hanson says she stayed in her apartment all afternoon until hearing a volley of about 10 shots. Police haven't said what happened with the suspect, but Hanson says she was finally allowed to leave her apartment in early evening.

Police say the shootings began at a bank in nearby Rothschild around midday and included one at a law firm before the violence at the apartment complex.

___

5:45 p.m.

Gunshots have been heard at an apartment complex in northern Wisconsin where a suspect was holed up after a shooting that wounded at least two people other than the police officer.

WSAW-TV reports about a dozen gunshots were heard about 5 p.m. Wednesday. The station reported an ambulance went by after police said they were trying to engage the suspect.

Wausau Police Capt. Todd Baeten said earlier that a police officer was among the victims but would not give details on the officer's injuries.

The shootings began at a bank in Rothschild where officers responding to a domestic situation arrived to find two people had been shot.

___

5:10 p.m.

Police in Wisconsin say an officer is among the victims in a shooting in the small town of Rothschild.

Wausau Police Capt. Todd Baeten would not give details on the officer's injuries. But he said authorities were in contact with the suspect at an apartment complex and were trying to engage him. He gave no other details.

Authorities say the shooting began at Marathon Savings Bank about 12:30 p.m. They say officers were responding to a reported domestic situation and arrived to find two people had been shot.

Authorities say two shootings happened later at a law firm and at the apartment complex in nearby where the suspect was being sought.

The area is about 90 miles west of Green Bay.

___

4:45 p.m.

Police in a small northern Wisconsin town say they were responding to a \"domestic situation\" at a bank when they arrived to find two people with gunshot wounds.

Police Chief Jeremy Hunt says officers were called to Marathon Savings Bank in Rothschild about 12:30 p.m. He said the suspect was gone when officers arrived.

Authorities say two shootings happened later at a law firm and an apartment in nearby Weston. The area is about 90 miles west of Green Bay.

Schools in the D.C. Everest School District were put on lockdown, but the district posted on Facebook that the lockdown was lifted for all but two schools.

___

This version of the story corrects that police now say the apartment building is in Weston, not Schofield.

___

4:10 p.m.

A SWAT team and other police officers are outside an apartment in northern Wisconsin as police investigate shootings at three locations.

Wausau Police Capt. Todd Baeten says the shootings happened Wednesday at a bank in Rothschild and then a law firm and the apartment where authorities remained on the scene mid-afternoon in nearby Schofield. The area is about 90 miles west of Green Bay.

Early police reports indicated two people were shot and critically injured, but Baeten wouldn't confirm the injuries later Wednesday. He says the shootings involved \"multiple scenes\" and many law officers.

Dozens of police cars and emergency vehicles were responding after the shooting was reported in Rothschild. Wausau police say the situation is active and have asked residents to avoid the area.

Schools in the D.C. Everest School District are on lockdown, as is Aspirus Wausau Hospital.

___

2:55 p.m.

SWAT teams have entered an apartment building after a shooting critically injured two people in northern Wisconsin and prompted schools and a hospital to go on lockdown.

Police have marked off an area around Marathon Savings Bank in Rothschild, though a police officer told USA Today Network-Wisconsin (http://wdhne.ws/2o5KDq2 ) the incident was \"not a bank robbery.\"

Dozens of police cars and emergency vehicles were responding after the shooting was reported Wednesday afternoon in Rothschild, about 90 miles west of Green Bay. Wausau police posted a link on social media saying the situation was still active and asked residents to avoid the area.

An officer on the scene confirmed shots were fired. Other information wasn't immediately available.

Schools in the D.C. Everest School District are on lockdown, as is Aspirus Wausau Hospital.

___

2:40 p.m.

Authorities say a shooting has critically injured two people in northern Wisconsin, and area schools and a hospital are on lockdown.

Dozens of police cars and emergency vehicles were responding after the shooting was reported Wednesday afternoon in Rothschild. The Wausau Police Department posted a link on social media saying the situation was still active and asked residents to avoid the area.

An officer on the scene confirmed to USA Today Network-Wisconsin (http://wdhne.ws/2o5KDq2 ) that shots were fired. Other information wasn't immediately available.

Police have marked off an area around Marathon Savings Bank in Rothschild. Schools in the D.C. Everest School District are on lockdown, as is Aspirus Wausau Hospital.

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SAN JOSE, Calif. \u2014 Chris Mack hasn\u2019t changed.

This is a guy who, eight years ago and with the Xavier interim head coach label freshly affixed, allowed a Star reporter to tag along so he could get an understanding of the Wildcats\u2019 newly hired coach, Sean Miller. Gave him a tour of the campus and everything.

On Wednesday afternoon, with his obligatory press conference with the media complete, Mack sat on the floor of the Musketeers locker room in San Jose\u2019s SAP Center, flipping through his phone, seemingly without a worry in the world. Other head coaches pace the bowels of the arena chewing through their cheeks. A Sweet 16 is a frenzied event for them.\u00a0

The annual Will-He-Leave springtime of an on-the-rise head coach has taken Mack's name from coast to coast. But Mack's life is good: he lives a Sunday drive from his hometown of North College Hill. His parents drop in on his live radio appearances, and the Musketeers are playing in March Madness\u2019 second weekend yet again.\u00a0

Mack hops up and chats about the foundation that has been laid at Xavier. Mack is as laid-back as a koala bear after a bamboo feeding. He\u2019s happy. He\u2019s content.

He hasn\u2019t changed.

Neither has Xavier.

A midmajor power

When Mack took over for Miller \u2013 who\u2019ll meet his former prot\u00e9g\u00e9 for the second Sweet 16 in three years on Thursday at 7:09 p.m. \u2013 Xavier was considered an ascending program, a high \u201cmid-major,\u201d even if they\u2019d long established a pattern of success.

Under Pete Gillen, Xavier made the NCAA Tournament six times in nine years after just two previous bids in program history \u2014 and in 1990, the Musketeers beat Kansas State and Georgetown to make their first Sweet 16. When Gillen left for Providence, Skip Prosser took over, and Xavier made the tournament four times in seven years while winning at a 70 percent clip. Prosser, who was hired by Wake Forest in 2001, begat Thad Matta, who nudged the program a step further with a pair of first-round wins and then the team's first Elite 8 in 2004 before moving on to Ohio State.

Enter Sean Miller. And Mack.

Miller was promoted from Xavier assistant to head coach, and he brought back Mack, who had joined Prosser at Wake Forest. With Mack at his side, Miller led Xavier to 120 wins in five years, four straight NCAA Tournament berths and three straight Atlantic-10 Conference titles, an Elite Eight and a Sweet 16. Miller left for Arizona in 2009, and Mack took over at Xavier.

Here\u2019s what he inherited: A program that had made the tournament 18 times in 24 years, with two Sweet 16s and two Elite Eights. Are you really a Cinderella if you\u2019re so consistently asked to the ball?

\u201cIf you do it here and there, people tend to forget about you, Mack said. \u201cBut if you have a team that continually goes to the NCAA Tournament, you stay fresh in people\u2019s minds, and that helps debunk that myth.\u201d

And then Mack added, \u201cAnd the other thing is, four years ago, we joined the Big East.\u201d

He remembers the day, even.

\u201cWe were at the Atlantic-10 Tournament, and our AD said, \u2018Let\u2019s keep it under wraps, but this is about to happen,\u2019\u201d Mack said. \u201cAnd I mean, it was incredible for our program. We were so excited.\u201d

The big shift happened in 2013, Mack's worst year at Xavier. His first three had gone swimmingly, with 71 wins, two A-10 titles and two Sweet 16s. The team then slid to 17-14.

But by then, the university had long invested in the program, giving the Musketeers the kind of attention \u2014 financial and otherwise \u2014 that they needed to make such a leap. Cintas Center, Xavier\u2019s home arena in Cincinnati, opened in 2000 and has been filled at roughly a 97 percent capacity since then.

\"We were ready,\" Mack said. \"Our facilities, our resources, our commitment to basketball \u2014 that was already there.\u201d

The wins, helped, sure.

It also helps to be the BMOC.

'A different dynamic'

It\u2019s not a small thing, being the biggest dogs on campus.

Ask Gonzaga.

The Bulldogs have benefitted from being The Show in Spokane, Washington. Gonzaga has no football team to draw the attention and time of boosters. Gonzaga basketball is a religion in the Pacific Northwest, as much as it can be at the tiny Jesuit school.

\u201cWe don\u2019t need what the big boys need, but that being said, we take chartered flights, we have a practice facility going up, and big things are happening without football,\u201d Gonzaga assistant Donny Daniels said. \u201cIn Spokane, I think it works.\u201d

Xavier is also Jesuit, with a student population of under 5,000; it also has no football team. In Cincinnati, there are plenty of sports vying for the public\u2019s attention, but Musketeers basketball is most definitely a top draw.

\u201cMusky Nation, the fans, the campus \u2013 they\u2019re amazing,\u201d senior forward RaShid Gaston said. \u201cThey show us a lot of attention, and they\u2019re always supportive, win or lose.\u201d

Added Mack: \u201cHomecoming is built around a basketball game, reunions are basketball weekends,\" Mack said. \"Parents weekend is our Midnight Madness. It's a different dynamic.\u201d

This is how Mack, a guy on the radar of just about every team in the country could, has stayed grounded for so long. It makes sense the more you talk to him.

\u201cIt's not just about money, it\u2019s not just about visibility, he said. \u201cIf I felt like we couldn't do everything at Xavier that other teams are doing \u2026 it might not be easy, but I feel like we can win a national championship here.\u201d

That\u2019s helped keep him there, and there\u2019s another thing, too.

\u201cHe\u2019s loyal, that\u2019s the best word I can use,\u201d Gaston said. \u201cHe puts his family, his players, his staff and the city he comes from above all, and you have to respect that. Not just as a coach but as a human being.\u201d

And speaking of respect, here\u2019s Arizona's Miller to give the last word.

\u201cChris Mack is one of our game's bright coaches, great coaches,\u201d Miller said on Wednesday. \u201cHe's not my former assistant. He stands on his own two feet and his record and what he's done speaks for itself. \u2026 I give a lot of credit to Chris and his staff, their team and players, but also Xavier. It's a special place who loves college basketball. And it just seems like they bring out the best in everybody.\u201d

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NEW ORLEANS (AP) \u2014 A year ago, a state law blocked a U.S. citizen born in an Indonesian refugee camp from getting married in Louisiana. A court victory Wednesday means the man and his fiancee are free to make wedding plans.

Viet Anh Vo and his U.S.-born fiancee, Heather Pham, embraced and cried with their attorneys in a New Orleans courtroom after a federal judge blocked the law that prevented them from obtaining a marriage license.

The law, which took effect in January 2016, has prevented other immigrants in Louisiana from getting married for the same reason as Vo: He couldn't provide a birth certificate.

U.S. District Judge Ivan Lemelle, who granted Vo's request for a preliminary injunction, said the birth certificate requirement violates the equal protection rights of foreign-born U.S. citizens, as well as the fundamental right to marry.

\"It treats him differently from citizens born in the United States or its territories,\" the judge said.

The lawmaker who pushed the law through the Legislature in 2015 said in an emailed news release that she is drafting legislation to amend it. She plans to provide for a process that would let foreign-born people who are legally in the U.S. get a waiver from a judge if they can't produce a birth certificate.

Rep. Valarie Hodges, R-Denham Springs, said that was always her intent with her original bill, which was meant to deter foreigners from gaining visas and citizenship through sham marriages.

\"Unfortunately, sometimes bills don't come out exactly like you expect as they go through the process,\" Hodges said.

Vo, 32, said he planned to take Pham out to dinner Wednesday night to celebrate the ruling. He joked that he might even make another marriage proposal over dinner.

As soon as Thursday, the couple plans to go back to the clerk's office in their Lafayette hometown to get a marriage license. They may even officially tie the knot over the weekend.

Surprised and relieved, Vo said his victory shows \"one person can actually make a change in the world.\"

\"I just hope others can look at my situation and fight for their rights, too,\" he said.

Alvaro Huerta, a Los Angeles-based attorney for the National Immigration Law Center, said the ruling enables the couple to immediately obtain a marriage license.

The judge gave no indication from the bench that his injunction applies only to Vo. His lawyers from the law center and the New Orleans Workers Center for Racial Justice are waiting to see his written ruling.

\"We don't know if it's going to extend to others, but we presume so,\" Huerta said.

Debbie Hudnall, executive director of the Louisiana Clerks of Court Association, said her office needs to review a written ruling from the judge before it can provide any guidance to court clerks on compliance.

Vo, who goes by Victor, is a U.S. citizen who has lived in Louisiana since he was three months old. He was born in an Indonesian refugee camp after his parents fled Vietnam, and said neither country will certify his birth.

Vo and Pham spent thousands of dollars and invited 350 guests to their wedding before their application for a marriage license was rejected last year. They tried at three separate parishes, but were denied each time by court clerks.

They went ahead with the ceremony and exchanged wedding bands, but their marriage has lacked legal status.

\"The couple, greatly disappointed, proceeded to hold a sacramental marriage in their Catholic Church. This marriage, however, is not legally recognized by Defendants or the State of Louisiana,\" his court papers say.

Vo's lawsuit says he automatically became a U.S. citizen as a child, when his parents became citizens, and he has official U.S. government documents reflecting his birth, refugee status and legal residency. It says he's working on getting a certificate of citizenship and a U.S. passport, but the state law doesn't recognize either document.

Lawyers for the state and parishes noted before the hearing that Vo's complaint didn't say whether he went to a judge for relief from the law. They asked the judge to apply any remedy to Vo alone.

In court, Neal Elliott, an attorney for the state health department, asserted again that Vo's situation is unique. He also said the department has suggested legislation to address the constitutional issues, but acknowledged that there is no guarantee it would become law.

___

Kunzelman reported from Baton Rouge.

"}, {"id":"a3e8ba75-14b7-54ba-8ea9-74578dba63f4","type":"article","starttime":"1490232186","starttime_iso8601":"2017-03-22T18:23:06-07:00","lastupdated":"1490234483","priority":0,"sections":[{"obituaries":"news/national/obituaries"}],"flags":{"ap":"true"},"application":"editorial","title":"2-time Daytona 500 winner Pete Hamilton dies at 74","url":"http://tucson.com/news/national/obituaries/article_a3e8ba75-14b7-54ba-8ea9-74578dba63f4.html","permalink":"http://tucson.com/news/national/obituaries/time-daytona-winner-pete-hamilton-dies-at/article_a3e8ba75-14b7-54ba-8ea9-74578dba63f4.html","canonical":"http://www.apnewsarchive.com/2017/2-time-Daytona-500-winner-Pete-Hamilton-has-died-at-74-Richard-Petty-Motorsports-and-NASCAR-both-announced-Hamilton-s-death/id-9561d0733e4642c6b2f999ef535d36cc","relatedAssetCounts":{"article":0,"audio":0,"image":0,"link":0,"vmix":0,"youtube":0,"gallery":0},"byline":"By The Associated Press","prologue":"Pete Hamilton, a two-time at Daytona, died Wednesday. He was 74.","supportsComments":true,"commentCount":0,"keywords":["wire","sports","nascar sprint cup series","daytona 500","nascar","automobile racing","obituaries"],"internalKeywords":["#ap"],"customProperties":{},"presentation":null,"revision":5,"commentID":"a3e8ba75-14b7-54ba-8ea9-74578dba63f4","body":"

Pete Hamilton, a two-time at Daytona, died Wednesday. He was 74.

Richard Petty Motorsports and NASCAR both announced Hamilton's death.

Hamilton won four career Cup races, including the Daytona 500 in 1970 and a Daytona 500 qualifying race in 1971. He also won twice at Talladega Superspeedway in 1971.

Hamilton's 1970 Daytona victory was in the No. 40 Plymouth Superbird fielded by Petty Enterprises. His teammate was Hall of Famer Richard Petty.

\"We ran two cars in 1970, and Plymouth helped introduce us to Pete,\" Petty said in a statement. \"They wanted us to run a second car with him on the bigger tracks.\"

Hamilton was teamed with Hall of Fame mechanic Maurice Petty, and Richard Petty said that tandem was the difference.

\"Pete and 'Chief' won the race, and it was a big deal,\" Petty said. \"It was great to have Pete as part of the team. He was a great teammate.\"

Maurice Petty said Hamilton was \"as fast as anyone on the superspeedways in 1970.\"

Hamilton had 26 top-five finishes in 64 career starts from 1968-73.

___

More AP auto racing: www.racing.ap.org

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SYDNEY (AP) \u2014 Australian police have made an arrest in the mysterious disappearance of a toddler from a beach nearly 50 years ago, charging a man with the 3-year-old girl's slaying in a case that has baffled officials for decades.

A 63-year-old man who was once considered a person of interest in the 1970 disappearance of Cheryl Grimmer was arrested on Wednesday, New South Wales police Detective Inspector Brad Ainsworth told reporters.

\"I'm not going to get into the specifics of the actual detail of the offenses, but I can say that they're quite horrific and they'll be unfolding in court,\" Ainsworth said.

The man, whose name was not released, was 16 when Cheryl vanished from a beach in the New South Wales city of Wollongong. The toddler, who had spent the morning at the beach with her mother and three brothers, went into a changing area with her siblings while their mother packed up their belongings. Cheryl was never seen again, and her body was never found.

Police believe Cheryl was taken from the front of the changing area and died within an hour of her abduction, Ainsworth said.

The man accused in her disappearance was interviewed after the toddler disappeared, but was never charged. Police reopened the case last year, and on Wednesday, interviewed the man again. He was arrested the same day and will be charged on Thursday with murder and abduction, police said.

"}, {"id":"9e6b2fdf-4b3a-56e5-ad48-f7668db41958","type":"article","starttime":"1490231914","starttime_iso8601":"2017-03-22T18:18:34-07:00","lastupdated":"1490234518","priority":0,"sections":[{"national":"news/national"}],"flags":{"ap":"true"},"application":"editorial","title":"10 Things to Know for Thursday","url":"http://tucson.com/news/national/article_9e6b2fdf-4b3a-56e5-ad48-f7668db41958.html","permalink":"http://tucson.com/news/national/things-to-know-for-thursday/article_9e6b2fdf-4b3a-56e5-ad48-f7668db41958.html","canonical":"http://www.apnewsarchive.com/2017/Among-10-Things-to-Know-Knife-wielding-man-launches-deadly-attack-in-London-U-S-health-care-overhaul-in-peril-advertiser-boycott-could-cost-Google-hundreds-of-millions-/id-a6e45302e9154b68a9d7d60d4acf02f6","relatedAssetCounts":{"article":0,"audio":0,"image":6,"link":0,"vmix":0,"youtube":0,"gallery":0},"byline":"By The Associated Press","prologue":"Your daily look at late-breaking news, upcoming events and the stories that will be talked about Thursday:","supportsComments":true,"commentCount":0,"keywords":["wire","general news","supreme courts","national courts","courts","judiciary","government and politics","national governments","judicial appointments and nominations","government appointments and nominations","ncaa men's division i basketball championship","confirmation hearings","legislature hearings","legislature","men's college basketball","college basketball","basketball","sports","college sports","men's basketball","men's sports"],"internalKeywords":["#lee","#ap"],"customProperties":{},"presentation":null,"images":[{"id":"f92fb147-3d28-515e-871a-7dbb38c889de","description":"A woman walks by a memorial just after a one-year anniversary service of the March 22, 2016 suicide bomb attacks at Zaventem Airport in Brussels on Wednesday, March 22, 2017. 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Your daily look at late-breaking news, upcoming events and the stories that will be talked about Thursday:

1. KNIFE-WIELDING MAN LAUNCHES ATTACK IN LONDON

Five are killed, including the assailant, after he plows a car into pedestrians on Westminster Bridge, then stabs a police officer to death inside the gates of Parliament.

2. WHY TRUMP FEELS 'SOMEWHAT VINDICATED' ON WIRETAP CLAIM

Private communications of the president and his transition team may have been scooped up by U.S. intelligence officials monitoring other targets, a leading lawmaker says.

3. HEALTH CARE OVERHAUL IN PERIL

Trump dangles possible changes aimed at placating conservatives threatening to torpedo the bill.

4. WHICH ONE-TIME BUSINESS BEHEMOTH MAY FADE AWAY

Sears, continuing to lose staggering amounts of money, says there is \"substantial doubt\" that it will be able to keep its doors open.

5. US TAKES STEP IN SYRIA'S CIVIL WAR

U.S. aircraft ferry Syrian Kurdish fighters and allied forces behind Islamic State lines. It's the first time American forces have provided an airlift for local forces on a combat operation in Syria.

6. PYONGYANG WEIGHS IN ON TRUMP ADMINISTRATION

North Korea has a criticism of the president he probably wasn't expecting: he's too much like Barack Obama.

7. WHAT'S SEEN AS FRESH SIGN OF OVERHEATING WORLD

The Arctic just set yet another record for low levels of sea ice.

8. BOYCOTT COULD COST GOOGLE HUNDREDS OF MILLIONS

AT&T, Verizon and other major advertisers are suspending their marketing campaigns on Google's YouTube site because their brands have been appearing alongside videos promoting terrorism and other unsavory subjects.

9. HOW UPCOMING 'CHIPS' MOVIE IS BEING RECEIVED

Hardcore fans of the old TV show are poised to hate it. And the real California Highway Patrol seems not quite sure what to make of it.

10. NEXT UP, OLD-FASHIONED DETECTIVE WORK

Authorities believe they've recovered Tom Brady's stolen Super Bowl jersey. The next step will be to determine that fact for sure.

"}, {"id":"0465fed1-0f67-5154-af82-bf22ebcaeb37","type":"article","starttime":"1490231708","starttime_iso8601":"2017-03-22T18:15:08-07:00","lastupdated":"1490233516","priority":0,"sections":[{"govt-and-politics":"news/national/govt-and-politics"}],"flags":{"ap":"true"},"application":"editorial","title":"Hawaii Republican resigns from party after criticizing Trump","url":"http://tucson.com/news/national/govt-and-politics/article_0465fed1-0f67-5154-af82-bf22ebcaeb37.html","permalink":"http://tucson.com/news/national/govt-and-politics/hawaii-republican-resigns-from-party-after-criticizing-trump/article_0465fed1-0f67-5154-af82-bf22ebcaeb37.html","canonical":"http://www.apnewsarchive.com/2017/A-Hawaii-lawmaker-who-says-she-was-pressured-to-give-up-her-leadership-post-at-the-statehouse-after-criticizing-President-Donald-Trump-is-leaving-the-Republican-Party/id-6870ae0c46bc41a394ba1da966da82cc","relatedAssetCounts":{"article":0,"audio":0,"image":1,"link":0,"vmix":0,"youtube":0,"gallery":0},"byline":"By CATHY BUSSEWITZ\nAssociated Press","prologue":"HONOLULU (AP) \u2014 A Hawaii lawmaker who says she was pressured to give up her leadership post at the statehouse after criticizing President Donald Trump resigned Wednesday from the Republican Party.","supportsComments":true,"commentCount":0,"keywords":["wire","politics","general news","government and politics","elections","state legislature","state governments","legislature"],"internalKeywords":["#lee"],"customProperties":{},"presentation":null,"images":[{"id":"6c82f827-d7c3-51fe-b9c8-de2a670da4bd","description":"Hawaii Rep. Beth Fukumoto talks to reporters about why she's leaving the Republican Party on Wednesday, March 22, 2017, in Honolulu. Rep. Fukumoto resigned from the GOP Wednesday because she says its members refuse to oppose racism and sexism and that she was pressured to give up her leadership post at the statehouse after criticizing President Donald Trump. She's hoping to become a Democrat but does not know whether the Democratic Party will accept her. (AP Photo/Cathy Bussewitz)","byline":"Cathy Bussewitz","hireswidth":null,"hiresheight":null,"hiresurl":null,"presentation":null,"versions":{"full":{"type":"image/jpeg","width":"512","height":"352","url":"http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/tucson.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/6/c8/6c82f827-d7c3-51fe-b9c8-de2a670da4bd/58d325b229ada.image.jpg?resize=512%2C352"},"100": {"type":"image/jpeg","width":"100","height":"69","url":"http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/tucson.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/6/c8/6c82f827-d7c3-51fe-b9c8-de2a670da4bd/58d325b229ada.image.jpg?resize=100%2C69"},"300": {"type":"image/jpeg","width":"300","height":"206","url":"http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/tucson.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/6/c8/6c82f827-d7c3-51fe-b9c8-de2a670da4bd/58d325b229ada.image.jpg?resize=300%2C206"},"1024":{"type":"image/jpeg","width":"1024","height":"704","url":"http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/tucson.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/6/c8/6c82f827-d7c3-51fe-b9c8-de2a670da4bd/58d325b229ada.image.jpg"}}}],"revision":4,"commentID":"0465fed1-0f67-5154-af82-bf22ebcaeb37","body":"

HONOLULU (AP) \u2014 A Hawaii lawmaker who says she was pressured to give up her leadership post at the statehouse after criticizing President Donald Trump resigned Wednesday from the Republican Party.

Rep. Beth Fukumoto said members of the GOP refused to oppose racism and sexism including a suggestion by Trump to create a Muslim registry during his campaign.

\"As a Japanese-American whose grandparents had to destroy all of their Japanese artifacts and items and bury them in the backyard to avoid getting taken and interned, how could I not have said anything?\" Fukumoto asked. \"And how could my party have not said anything?\"

Fukumoto was voted out of her post as House Minority Leader in February after calling Trump a bully in a speech at the Women's March in Honolulu, saying many of his remarks were racist and sexist and had no place in the Republican Party.

Since then, she sought feedback from her constituents about leaving the GOP and said three-quarters of the more than 470 letters she received supported the move.

She said she agrees with many Democratic positions on affordable housing and equitable taxes, and hopes to join that party.

Hawaii Democratic Party leader Tim Vandeveer said Democrats will give Fukumoto a fair shake, but some members are concerned about her past voting record on civil rights and women's issues.

\"Changing political parties is not like changing jackets, just because the weather's better on our side of the street,\" Vandeveer said.

Fukumoto voted against same-sex marriage when it came before the Legislature in 2013. She said Wednesday she voted that way to represent the majority of her constituents, but if she was voting on her own, she would have voted yes.

On reproductive rights, Fukumoto said she does not believe in abortion in all three trimesters but does not want to rescind individuals' rights once they have been granted.

\"We have choice laws in Hawaii and I'm not looking to repeal those laws,\" she said.

Members of the Democratic Party on Oahu will ultimately decide whether to accept Fukumoto, but the process could take months, Vandeveer said.

Fukumoto said she's received letters of encouragement from Democrats and Republicans in nearly every state.

Democratic U.S. Sen. Brian Schatz welcomed her to the party in a tweet, saying he's proud of her courage.

Republican state Rep. Cynthia Thielen, a Fukumoto ally who voted against removing her from leadership, said, \"the tiny party's brand is further weakened and its relevance to the wider, diverse constituency looks bleak.\"

With Fukumoto's departure, Hawaii has just five Republican state representatives and no Republican state senators.

Hawaii Republican Party Chairman Fritz Rohlfing declined to immediately comment because he had not yet reviewed Fukumoto's resignation letter.

__

Follow Bussewitz on Twitter: https://twitter.com/cbussewitz

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WESTON, Wis. (AP) \u2014 Police: Officer, 3 others killed in Wisconsin shootings; suspect in custody.

"}, {"id":"9d4e5be8-f469-5585-bc40-0e1e53553aea","type":"article","starttime":"1490231829","starttime_iso8601":"2017-03-22T18:17:09-07:00","lastupdated":"1490234519","priority":0,"sections":[{"world":"news/world"}],"flags":{"ap":"true"},"application":"editorial","title":"Steady fall in suicides offers glimmer of hope in Japan","url":"http://tucson.com/news/world/article_9d4e5be8-f469-5585-bc40-0e1e53553aea.html","permalink":"http://tucson.com/news/world/steady-fall-in-suicides-offers-glimmer-of-hope-in-japan/article_9d4e5be8-f469-5585-bc40-0e1e53553aea.html","canonical":"http://www.apnewsarchive.com/2017/Fewer-Japanese-are-taking-their-own-lives-a-glimmer-of-hope-in-a-country-with-one-of-the-world-s-highest-suicide-rates/id-f27b3970a8564c4ba6e2c4d8602c779c","relatedAssetCounts":{"article":0,"audio":0,"image":6,"link":0,"vmix":0,"youtube":0,"gallery":0},"byline":"By KEN MORITSUGU and MARI YAMAGUCHI\nAssociated Press","prologue":"TOKYO (AP) \u2014 Fewer Japanese are taking their own lives, a positive sign in a country with one of the world's highest suicide rates.","supportsComments":true,"commentCount":0,"keywords":["wire","general news","health","recessions and depressions","economy","business","suicide prevention","mental health"],"internalKeywords":["#lee","#ap"],"customProperties":{},"presentation":null,"images":[{"id":"adf55707-aeb1-5f13-85d9-33063f733af8","description":"In this March 2, 2017, photo, Yasuyuki Shimizu, founder of Lifelink, a nonprofit that lobbies for suicide-prevention measures, speaks during an interview at his office in Tokyo. 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TOKYO (AP) \u2014 Fewer Japanese are taking their own lives, a positive sign in a country with one of the world's highest suicide rates.

The Health Ministry said Thursday that 21,897 people committed suicide in 2016, down from more than 30,000 in 2011 and the lowest number since 1994. Of those, 15,121 were male and 6,776 were female. It was the seventh straight year that the number of suicides had declined.

Experts say it's difficult to pinpoint a reason for the decline, attributing it to a combination of factors. The government has made a determined effort to tackle the issue, starting with national legislation in 2006. Consumer loan laws have been revised to try to keep people from taking on too much debt, while awareness campaigns have helped bring the issue into the public eye.

\"Now we can talk about suicides,\" said Yasuyuki Shimuzu, founder of Lifelink, a nonprofit that lobbies for suicide-prevention measures. \"I believe the change in environment has made it easier for the needy to seek help.\"

Before the good news, however, came bad news.

The number of suicides in Japan jumped sharply in 1998 to more than 30,000 and remained at that very elevated level for more than a decade. It was a year when Japan's economy fell into recession, and bankruptcies and unemployment soared. The suicide rate rose to about 26 per 100,000 people.

The only silver lining was that suicides didn't jump again after a deep recession in 2008-09. Then in 2010, the decline started and has been steady since then, bringing the number back to pre-1998 levels.

A closer look at the data shows that the main factors driving both the rise to more than 30,000 and the drop back to close to 20,000 were health issues and financial problems. The decline has been sharpest for people aged 50-59.

Experts say the steps taken since 2006 have been effective in addressing the socio-economic problems common among middle-aged men. Prevention efforts are shifting their focus to the elderly and young, whose suicide rates have not come down as much.

Even with the decline, Japan's suicide rate of 17.3 per 100,000 people in 2016 remains high compared to most other countries. The U.S. suicide rate is around 13 per 100,000, and the United Kingdom is under 10.

Shimizu said Japan should aim to get the number of suicides down to 14,000-15,000 per year.

The still-high suicide rate means Japan is a difficult place to live, a society that is not kind to troubled people, said Dr. Yutaka Motohashi, head of the government-funded Japan Support Center for Suicide Countermeasures.

\"Suicide prevention is not a job for experts and special people supporting the cause, but it's for everyone,\" he said. \"We can be a little kinder and try to reach out to others.\"

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WASHINGTON (AP) \u2014 Scrambling to nail down votes for the House health care bill, Republicans are considering ways to ease federal requirements that insurers cover such basic services as prescription drugs, maternity care and substance abuse treatment.

Lawmakers emerging from a meeting late Wednesday of the conservative Freedom Caucus said \"essential health benefits\" are in play as party leaders and the White House explore ways to advance the House legislation. But undermining the Affordable Care Act's benefits is likely to trigger a backlash from patient groups and doctors.

It's also a tricky proposition for Republican lawmakers, because Democrats are certain to challenge any such move as out-of-bounds under special budget rules that would allow the GOP health bill to clear the Senate with just 51 votes. Until now, the ACA's benefit requirement had not been considered a budgetary issue.

Traditionally, states have regulated the benefits that health insurers offering plans to individual consumers must provide. But the Obama-era health care law set a minimum floor for the whole nation.

The ACA's \"essential benefits\" include outpatient care, emergency services, hospitalization, pregnancy, maternity and newborn care, mental health and substance abuse treatment, prescription drugs, rehabilitation, laboratory and diagnostic tests, preventive and wellness services, and pediatric care, including dental and vision services for kids.

In a letter to congressional leaders early this year, organizations representing nearly 400,000 doctors said \"all health insurance products should be required to cover evidence-based essential benefits\" in any new health care legislation. The letter was signed by the American Academy of Family Physicians, the American Academy of Pediatrics, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, and the American College of Physicians. Many other organizations have taken a similar stance.

The required benefits are considered especially significant for women, since birth control and other routine women's health services are now covered at no charge to patients.

Some White House officials have also acknowledged privately that essential health benefits are among the list of potential changes under discussion. While declining to elaborate on specifics, spokeswoman Sarah Huckabee Sanders said, \"We're open to changes that help make the bill better.\"

Republican advocates of undoing the federal benefits requirement say it drives up the cost of insurance. For example, before the ACA, a married couple in their early 60s might be able to purchase a policy that did not include maternity benefits. Now, the cost of caring for pregnant women and newborns is spread among the entire pool of people purchasing individual policies.

Doctors say plans with cherry-picked benefits have a way of backfiring on consumers, because you can never tell in advance what kind of medical care you might need.

But Republicans say consumers should have a choice of the benefits they purchase, and the entire issue is best left to states and not the federal government.

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WASHINGTON (AP) \u2014 The top Republican legislative priority in peril, President Donald Trump dangled possible changes to the health care bill Wednesday aimed at placating conservatives threatening to torpedo the legislation. The White House seemed to make progress after GOP opposition had snowballed a day before a showdown House vote.

Trump huddled at the White House with 18 lawmakers, a mix of supporters and opponents, Vice President Mike Pence saw around two dozen and House GOP leaders held countless talks with lawmakers at the Capitol. The sessions came as leaders rummaged for votes on a roll call they can ill-afford to lose without diminishing their clout for the rest of the GOP agenda.

Most GOP opponents were conservatives asserting that the legislation demolishing former President Barack Obama's health care law did not go far enough. They were demanding repeal of the law's requirements that insurers pay for specified services like maternity care, prescription drugs and substances abuse treatment.

Late Wednesday night, House Speaker Paul Ryan, R-Wis., met with moderate Republicans from Pennsylvania, Illinois, Maine and New York as well as members of leadership. Any changes on essential health benefits would likely trigger an immediate backlash from patient advocacy groups and doctors.

In early meetings with Trump and Pence and later discussions with the White House, talks focused on language addressing conservatives' concerns that those coverage requirements drive up premiums. Details were unclear, but members of the House Freedom Caucus, the hard-line group spearheading the opposition, were expected at the White House early Thursday.

\"Tonight is an encouraging night,\" said Rep. Mark Meadows, R-N.C., leader of the caucus, who for days has said he has the votes to kill the measure. \"But I don't want to be so optimistic as to say the deal is done.\"

It was initially uncertain if the provision could survive in the Senate or how moderate Republicans would react. Democrats said the language would die in the Senate because that chamber's rules don't allow provisions not directly related to the federal budget.

The Republican legislation would halt Obama's tax penalties against people who don't buy coverage and cut the federal-state Medicaid program for low earners, which the statute expanded. It would provide tax credits to help people pay medical bills, though generally skimpier than the aid Obama's statute provides. It also would allow insurers to charge older Americans more and repeal tax boosts the law imposed on high-income people and health industry companies.

In a count by The Associated Press, at least 25 Republicans said they opposed the bill and others were leaning that way, enough to narrowly defeat the measure. The number was in constant flux amid eleventh-hour lobbying by the White House and GOP leaders.

Including vacancies and expected absentees, the bill would be defeated if 23 Republicans join all Democrats in voting \"no.\"

In a show of support for the opponents, the conservative Koch network promised Wednesday night to spend millions of dollars to defeat the health care overhaul, the influential network's most aggressive move against the bill.

Moderates were daunted by projections of 24 million Americans losing coverage in a decade and higher out-of-pocket costs for many low-income and older people, as predicted by the nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office.

For now, leaders showed no sign of delaying a House vote, their initial attempt to deliver on a pledge to erase Obama's law they've repeated since its 2010 enactment.

Underscoring the delicate pathway to victory, participants in the Pence meeting said there were no visible signs of weakened opposition and described one tense moment. Rep. Randy Weber, R-Texas, said White House chief strategist Steve Bannon told them: \"We've got to do this. I know you don't like it, but you have to vote for this.\"

Weber said Rep. Joe Barton, R-Texas, bristled.

\"When somebody tells me I have to do something, odds are really good that I will do exactly the opposite,\" Barton said, according to Weber.

Rep. Steve King, R-Iowa, said that talk of deleting the insurance coverage requirements had converted him into a supporter. But before the late talks, others were skeptical.

\"We're being asked to sign a blank check,\" said Rep. Scott Perry, R-Pa., who's been an opponent. \"In the past, that hasn't worked out so well.\"

Some Republicans were showing irritation at their party's holdouts, all but accusing them of damaging the GOP.

\"At some point we have to cowboy up and prove we can govern,\" said Rep. Kevin Cramer, R-N.D. \"Otherwise we're just going to be the 'no' party and some people are OK with that, it appears.\"

The Rules Committee, usually tightly controlled by GOP leadership, was expected to let the chamber vote on revisions that top Republicans concocted to win votes. These include adding federal aid for older people and protecting upstate New York counties \u2014 but not Democratic-run New York City \u2014 from repaying the state billions of dollars for Medicaid costs.

There were other glimmers of hope for GOP leaders.

Rep. Lou Barletta, R-Pa., said he had switched from \"no\" to \"yes\" after Trump endorsed his bill to use Social Security numbers to hinder people from fraudulently collecting tax credits. Barletta, an outspoken foe of illegal immigration, said he had been promised a vote next month on the measure by House Speaker Paul Ryan, R-Wis.

___

Associated Press reporters Ken Thomas, Vivian Salama, Erica Werner, Matt Daly and Kevin Freking contributed to this report.

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North Korea has a criticism of U.S. President Donald Trump he probably wasn\u2019t expecting: he\u2019s too much like Barack Obama. In its first comments since new Secretary of State Rex Tillerson\u2019s swing through Asia, the North is making much of the former oil executive\u2019s surprisingly blunt assessment that Obama\u2019s strategy needs to be replaced and U.S. efforts to get North Korea to denuclearize over the past 20 years have been a failure. But, it says, Trump is adopting the same stance nevertheless. 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TOKYO (AP) \u2014 North Korea has a criticism of U.S. President Donald Trump he probably wasn't expecting: He's too much like Barack Obama.

North Korea's state media, which regularly vilified Obama in the strongest terms, had been slow to do the same with the Trump administration, possibly so that officials in Pyongyang could figure out what direction Trump will likely take and what new policies he may pursue.

But his top diplomat's recent trip to Asia, which featured some pretty tough talk, appears to have loosened their lips.

In North Korea's first official comments since new Secretary of State Rex Tillerson's swing through the region, a Foreign Ministry spokesman seized on the former oil executive's blunt assessment that Obama's strategy needs to be replaced and U.S. efforts to get North Korea to denuclearize over the past 20 years have been a failure.

The spokesman then slammed Trump for adopting the same policies, particularly regarding tougher economic sanctions, nevertheless.

\"Tillerson admitted the failure of the U.S. efforts to denuclearize the DPRK for 20 years and end of Obama's policy of 'strategic patience' during his recent tour,\" the North's official Korean Central News Agency said in the dispatch that ran late Monday, quoting the unnamed Foreign Ministry official. \"Now Tillerson is repeating what Obama touted ... until he left the White House.\"

North Korea, officially known as the Democratic People's Republic of Korea or DPRK, hasn't exactly been sitting quietly by as Trump gets settled in.

Just before Tillerson arrived in Tokyo, the North launched several ballistic missiles into the Sea of Japan. While he was still in China, it conducted a test of what it called a \"revolutionary\" new type of engine for its rockets. On Wednesday, it appears to have conducted more missile tests from the eastern port city of Wonsan, though they reportedly failed.

To be fair, Trump doesn't really have a North Korea policy yet.

Tillerson stressed repeatedly that a comprehensive policy review is underway and that the purpose of his trip to Asia was to hear out the North's neighbors. How much he was able to do that is questionable. South Korea has only an interim government these days, since its president was just forced out of office because of a scandal. China, North Korea's economic lifeline, has a longstanding dialogue-based agenda that Washington is already familiar with but has never shown much interest in.

On the other hand, Tillerson did raise some eyebrows with a few tough-sounding warnings.

While in Seoul, he said \"everything was on the table,\" including military intervention or even a pre-emptive strike if tougher sanctions or other diplomatic measures fail to achieve Washington's goals.

Some policy experts in the U.S. say that is really more smoke than fire.

\"If you look at Tillerson's full statements, they were much more of a continuation of current policy than has been portrayed in the press, with an emphasis on expanding sanctions,\" said David Wright, co-director and senior scientist of the Global Security Program for the Union of Concerned Scientists. \"You can try to squeeze North Korea with more sanctions and maybe slow its program, but it's hard to see how to stop it from moving ahead without diplomacy.\"

Tillerson's remarks are completely in line with longstanding U.S. policy, including Obama's, but just stated more threateningly. President Bill Clinton, for example, is known to have seriously considered a pre-emptive strike over the nuclear issue in 1994.

Even so, tone is important in diplomacy and Tillerson does seem to have reassured some in Seoul and Tokyo that the United States hasn't forgotten them.

Pyongyang, however, seems to have hit the familiar bravado button.

\"The nuclear force of the DPRK is the treasured sword of justice and the most reliable war deterrence to defend the socialist motherland and the life of its people,\" the official reportedly said. \"If the businessmen-turned-U.S. authorities thought that they would frighten the DPRK, they would soon know that their method would not work.\"

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DETROIT (AP) \u2014 During Supreme Court nominee Neil Gorsuch's Senate confirmation hearings, one case came up repeatedly: A truck driver was fired for leaving his trailer of meat on the side of an Illinois road after breaking down on a frigid night in 2009, fearing he'd freeze to death.

The federal appeals court judge last year dissented from a ruling ordering a trucking company to rehire Alphonse Maddin. Gorsuch argued he had to determine whether the trucking company's decision to fire Maddin was legal, not \"wise or kind.\"

In Detroit, where Maddin lives and 400 miles away from that Capitol Hill hearing room, he finds it \"surreal\" his personal story has been the focus of national debate \u2014 and is now part of the discussion on whether someone ascends to the nation's highest court.

Assured of support from majority Republicans, Gorsuch appears primed to join the bench. But Maddin, 48, is using his unexpected platform to render an opinion on a jurist he believes put ideology above human interest in his case.

\"It makes me consider what would the consequences be if my case had gone to the Supreme Court level and had been adversely impacted by his ideology?\" Maddin said Wednesday from the conference room of the lawyer who successfully argued on the former truck driver's behalf.

Maddin's case has been cited by many Democrats and other critics, who have argued Gorsuch tends to favor business interests over ordinary Americans. Gorsuch counters there are many cases when he has ruled for the little guy, when the law has been on the judge's side.

The confirmation hearing will end with outside witnesses talking about Gorsuch. A committee vote then is expected April 3, with a Senate floor vote later that same week. Republicans control the Senate 52-48, so it would require eight Democrats to move Gorsuch past procedural hurdles that require 60 votes.

Earlier this month in Washington, Maddin joined Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer and others to share their concerns. Being an activist certainly wasn't Maddin's plan after enduring what he described as a \"seven-year battle.\"

He declined to return to TransAm Trucking Co., worked several jobs that \"didn't pay much,\" and earned bachelor's and master's degrees \u2014 the latter focusing on aeronautics.

Last August, he happily read the majority decision of the appeals panel, which held that federal law protects drivers from dismissal when they refuse to operate an unsafe vehicle. He paid little attention to the dissent, until he learned President Donald Trump had nominated Gorsuch to the Supreme Court.

Gorsuch wrote the Surface Transportation Assistance Act, which bars companies from firing a driver who \"refuses to operate\" an unsafe truck, didn't apply to Maddin. Gorsuch reasoned that the truck driver was operating the truck by driving off, not refusing to operate it.

Writing for the majority, Judge Michael Murphy said the law could easily be seen as applying to drivers, such as Maddin, who are at risk by staying put. Murphy also directly challenged Gorsuch's narrow, literal meaning of \"operate.\"

\"A trucker was stranded on the side of the road, late at night, in cold weather, and his trailer brakes were stuck,\" Gorsuch, a federal judge in Denver, wrote in his dissent. \"He called his company for help and someone there gave him two options. He could drag the trailer carrying the company's goods to its destination (an illegal and maybe sarcastically offered option). Or he could sit and wait for help to arrive (a legal if unpleasant option). The trucker chose None of the Above, deciding instead to unhook the trailer and drive his truck to a gas station. In response, his employer, TransAm, fired him for disobeying orders and abandoning its trailer and goods.\"

The passage from Gorsuch struck a nerve with Maddin, who said it understated the extreme cold of the night and the \"survival mode\" he adopted. He said his torso went numb, he couldn't feel his feet and felt himself \"fading.\"

\"It seemed like an attempt to avoid the human element,\" Maddin said. \"When you think something that's a legal matter, that nature and magnitude, I would think that he would have referred to me ... by name. He refers to me simply as a trucker.\"

___

Follow Jeff Karoub on Twitter at http://twitter.com/jeffkaroub . His work can be found at http://bigstory.ap.org/author/jeff-karoub .

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CNN's Sunlen Serfaty reports.","supportsComments":true,"commentCount":0,"keywords":["wire","politics","cnn"],"internalKeywords":["#lee","#cnn"],"customProperties":{},"presentation":null,"revision":1}, {"id":"dbb684fd-8304-5b44-af69-885944cbce5a","type":"article","starttime":"1490231217","starttime_iso8601":"2017-03-22T18:06:57-07:00","lastupdated":"1490234519","priority":0,"sections":[{"columnists":"opinion/columnists"},{"columnists":"news/opinion/columnists"}],"flags":{"ap":"true"},"application":"editorial","title":"The age of hacking brings a return to the physical key","url":"http://tucson.com/opinion/columnists/article_dbb684fd-8304-5b44-af69-885944cbce5a.html","permalink":"http://tucson.com/opinion/columnists/the-age-of-hacking-brings-a-return-to-the-physical/article_dbb684fd-8304-5b44-af69-885944cbce5a.html","canonical":"https://theconversation.com/the-age-of-hacking-brings-a-return-to-the-physical-key-73094","relatedAssetCounts":{"article":0,"audio":0,"image":0,"link":0,"vmix":0,"youtube":0,"gallery":0},"byline":"Jungwoo Ryoo\nPennsylvania State University","prologue":"Jungwoo Ryoo, Pennsylvania State University","supportsComments":true,"commentCount":0,"keywords":["wire","computer and data security","computing and information technology","technology","information technology","business","text messaging","mobile communication technology","communication technology"],"internalKeywords":["#lee","#ap"],"customProperties":{},"presentation":null,"revision":2,"commentID":"dbb684fd-8304-5b44-af69-885944cbce5a","body":"

Jungwoo Ryoo, Pennsylvania State University

(THE CONVERSATION) With all the news about Yahoo accounts being hacked and other breaches of digital security, it\u2019s easy to wonder if there\u2019s any real way to keep unauthorized users out of our email and social media accounts.

Everyone knows not to use the same username and password combination for every account \u2013 though many peoplestill do. But if they follow that advice, people end up with another problem: way too many passwords to remember \u2013 27 on average, according to a recent survey. That can lead to stress about password security, and even cause people to give up secure passwords altogether. It\u2019s an ominous feeling, and a dangerous situation.

But there is hope, through what is called \u201ctwo-factor authentication,\u201d in which a user needs not only a login name and password but also another way to validate her identity, before being allowed to connect to, say, Gmail or Snapchat. That way, even an attacker who gets a user\u2019s login name and password still can\u2019t access the account.

When it happens, this usually involves the user either receiving a text message on her phone with a six-digit code, or opening an app on her phone that will give her the code, which changes every 30 seconds. As a cybersecurity researcher, I know that even as this method is just starting to become common, a newer method, a return to the era of the physical key, is nipping at its heels.

Proving identity

In the security industry, we typically refer to three broad ways to prove identity:

- Who you are, usually expressed through biometrics, like a fingerprint, facial recognition or a retinal scan.

- Something you know, like a password or PIN.

- Something you have, such as a conventional key that unlocks a door, or even a smartphone with a particular app installed.

User authentication is strongest when a person proves her identity in multiple ways. This is called two-factor, or sometimes multi-factor, authentication.

Despite its potential to improve security, companies and government agencies alike have been slow to adopt two-factor authentication. For many years, there were no common standards, so authentication methods often worked only for a single system or program or company.

An early standard is today\u2019s most common method: getting a numeric code by text message. But that is on its way out. While initially thought to be a convenient way to verify that someone had a particular phone, it turns out to be vulnerable to attack.

A phone number can be \u201ccloned\u201d onto an attacker\u2019s phone, allowing him to intercept text messages. In addition, many people use internet-based phone systems, such as Google Voice, that allow them to receive text messages without actually needing physical access to a specific device \u2013 subverting the very purpose of sending a text message in the first place.

Toward improved security

A new, even more secure method is gaining popularity, and it\u2019s a lot like an old-fashioned metal key. It\u2019s a computer chip in a small portable physical form that makes it easy to carry around. (It even typically has a hole to fit on a keychain.) The chip itself contains a method of authenticating itself \u2013 to prove that it is the real \u201cthing you have\u201d that\u2019s required to connect to a particular online service. And it has USB or wireless connections so it can either plug into any computer easily or communicate wirelessly with a mobile device.

Backing this effort are technology industry giants, including Google and Microsoft. They and other companies recently formed the Faster Identification Online (FIDO) Alliance to create a new standard that is both shared among providers \u2013 so users can have one physical key that gives them access to many services \u2013 and useful with mobile devices as well as desktop and laptop computers.

They\u2019re calling their standard \u201cUniversal Second Factor (U2F),\u201d and it\u2019s based on public-key encryption. Also known as asymmetric key encryption, public-key encryption uses a pair of keys, one public and one private. Either key can be used to encrypt a message, but that coded message can be decrypted only by someone who has the other key in the pair.

One of the paired keys is shared with others \u2013 this becomes the public key. The other, the private key, must be protected. Because just one person should have access to the private key, a login process that requires it can ensure the authorized user is the only one who can connect to an online service.

How it works

When adding a physical key to her account\u2019s security credentials, a user first logs in to her account as normal, perhaps even using a text-message method of two-factor authentication. When she follows the site\u2019s instructions for adding her U2F key to the account\u2019s security settings, that process creates a new public-private key pair. The private key is encrypted and stored on the physical U2F key. The matching public key is stored on the site\u2019s authentication server.

Thereafter, when logging in, the user types her user name and password as usual. Then, the site provides an alert asking her to plug the physical security key into her computer. (Some keys can also connect wirelessly via Near Field Communication, or NFC.)

What happens next requires minimal action by the user; the computer, the website and the physical key handle everything nearly instantaneously. The website sends a message to the computer, requesting a reply. The computer reads the private key from the physical U2F device and uses that to encrypt its response. The server uses the account\u2019s public key to test the reply; if it was encrypted by the corresponding private key, the server knows the person trying to log in has the physical device, and is therefore the authorized user. At that point, the server logs the user in.

The best option we have

Although U2F strengthens the current practice of password-based authentication, it doesn\u2019t solve every problem. Of course, if a person loses the key and doesn\u2019t have a backup copy, logging in can be impossible. But most sites that use U2F also, in the initial U2F setup process, give an authorized user a limited number of single-use login codes she can type in if she loses her key.

In addition, passwords are inherently challenging because we have to memorize them. Forcing people to make them longer and more complex, involving numbers and capital letters and punctuation, makes them even harder to remember. And with so many passwords needed regularly, it\u2019s terribly difficult to memorize that many long, complex unique sequences.

Password management programs can help. These services, including LastPass and 1Password, securely store your username and password combinations in the cloud or locally on your computer, requiring users to memorize just one long \u2013 but often relatively easy to remember \u2013 \u201cmaster password\u201d that decrypts the others when they\u2019re needed.

Those services can even work in tandem with U2F. For example, a user can create one master password for LastPass and set it up to only decrypt the stored passwords when the physical security key is plugged in.

When paired together, a service like that can give you very strong passwords that you don\u2019t need to memorize, bolstered by the security of a physical key. It\u2019s not perfect, but it\u2019s our current technology\u2019s best defense against hackers and account thieves.

This article was originally published on The Conversation. Read the original article here: http://theconversation.com/the-age-of-hacking-brings-a-return-to-the-physical-key-73094.

"}, {"id":"914fdb34-ae73-5a3a-a337-00694ac342f9","type":"article","starttime":"1490231207","starttime_iso8601":"2017-03-22T18:06:47-07:00","lastupdated":"1490234519","priority":0,"sections":[{"columnists":"opinion/columnists"},{"columnists":"news/opinion/columnists"}],"flags":{"ap":"true"},"application":"editorial","title":"Immigrants deported under Obama share stories of terror and rights violations","url":"http://tucson.com/opinion/columnists/article_914fdb34-ae73-5a3a-a337-00694ac342f9.html","permalink":"http://tucson.com/opinion/columnists/immigrants-deported-under-obama-share-stories-of-terror-and-rights/article_914fdb34-ae73-5a3a-a337-00694ac342f9.html","canonical":"https://theconversation.com/immigrants-deported-under-obama-share-stories-of-terror-and-rights-violations-74212","relatedAssetCounts":{"article":0,"audio":0,"image":0,"link":0,"vmix":0,"youtube":0,"gallery":0},"byline":"Tanya Golash-Boza\nUniversity of California, Merced","prologue":"Tanya Golash-Boza, University of California, Merced","supportsComments":true,"commentCount":0,"keywords":["wire","naturalization","immigration","social issues","social affairs","hit-and-run","crime","general news","fugitives","law and order","government and politics"],"internalKeywords":["#lee","#ap"],"customProperties":{},"presentation":null,"revision":2,"commentID":"914fdb34-ae73-5a3a-a337-00694ac342f9","body":"

Tanya Golash-Boza, University of California, Merced

(THE CONVERSATION) Although it is difficult to get exact numbers, some estimates show Immigration and Customs Enforcement home raids have never resulted in more than 30,000 apprehensions in any given year. At that rate, it could take 366 years for immigration agents to remove all 11 million undocumented migrants using home raids.

I contend immigration raids are not intended to deport large numbers of people. Instead, my research has shown that they are primarily effective in spreading fear among immigrants.

On Jan. 25, 2017, President Donald Trump issued an executive order promising to increase the number of ICE agents from 5,000 to 15,000. If enacted, this expansion could increase the number of these apprehensions to 90,000 a year.

The ICE agents who conduct home raids are charged with detaining and deporting criminal aliens and fugitive aliens. A fugitive alien is a noncitizen who failed to appear in immigration court. A criminal alien is any noncitizen convicted of a crime. In many cases, these raids result in the detention and sometimes deportation of immigrants who are neither criminal nor fugitive aliens \u2013 these are what ICE calls \u201ccollateral arrests.\u201d

When President Barack Obama took office in 2009, immigration home raids were commonplace. Over the course of the Obama administration, ICE agents gradually began to exercise more discretion. Importantly, they stopped making collateral arrests.

During the first two years of the Obama administration, I interviewed 147 people who had been deported. The current wave of raids under the Trump administration hearken back to that time. Meeting some of the people affected by home raids then can help us understand how people are being targeted today.

Melvin: Criminal alien

Melvin moved to the United States in 1986, when he was 18 years old. He came to join his father, who had left him in Guatemala when he was a small child.

(Melvin, like the other names used in this piece, is a pseudonym. The University of California ethical guidelines require me to protect the identity of deportees I interviewed.)

Melvin apprenticed in the flooring business and eventually opened up his own shop. After a decade, he was bringing in US$15,000 a month and he, his wife and their two children lived comfortably in northern Virginia.

Melvin had run into trouble with the law in 1995, when he was charged with involuntary manslaughter and hit-and-run after he hit a dead body on the highway. He said he drove away because he was scared \u2013 a decision he acknowledges was poor. The manslaughter charge was dropped when forensics revealed the body was already dead when Melvin ran over it, but Melvin still served a year for the hit and run.

In 2005, immigration agents arrived at Melvin\u2019s door. Melvin was reading a book to his son when his wife answered the door. Melvin explained what happened next:

\"

\u201cThey actually had to pull a gun on her because she was getting aggressive and, said \u2018So, you\u2019re gonna leave me with my kids here? He\u2019s the head of the house. You\u2019re gonna take him?\u2026 They said, 'I\u2019m sorry. We\u2019re just doing our job.\u2019\u201d

\"

A legal permanent resident of the United States, Melvin spent $15,000 on legal representation, but to no avail: He served several months in immigration detention, and then ICE sent him back to Guatemala. His wife and children sold everything and joined him.

Unfortunately, the upheaval involved in moving to a new country put stress on their marriage. After about a year and a half, they divorced, and Melvin\u2019s wife came back to the U.S. with the kids. She works in a gas station and lives with her mother now, a far cry from the five-bedroom home she and Melvin once shared.

Vern: Fugitive alien

In 1991, when he was 20 years old, Vern left Guatemala for the United States, where he applied for political asylum. Back home, he had received death threats for attempting to organize a union. The Immigration and Naturalization Service issued him a work permit while his case was being processed, and he began to work in a frozen food plant in Ohio.

He married a Honduran woman, Maria, who was also applying for political asylum. They received work permits every year for seven years, which allowed them to continue working legally. Their first child was born in 1996.

In 1998, Vern received a notice from the Immigration and Naturalization Service stating that he should leave the United States \u2013 his asylum application had been denied. Vern was devastated. He had established a life in the United States, and he had few ties to Guatemala. He decided to stay, in the hope that his wife\u2019s application would be approved and she could apply to legalize his status. They had another child.

Vern did everything he could to avoid problems with the police \u2013 he never drank and followed the law at all times. He learned English and tried to blend in as much as possible.

One Sunday morning, as the family was preparing for church, Vern heard a loud knock at the door.

\"

\u201cThey called from outside: \u2018Maria Lopez, this is immigration. We need to talk to you.\u2019 Maria didn\u2019t have nothing to fear, so she went down. They asked, \u2018Does your husband live here?\u2019

\"

When Vern appeared, ICE agents handcuffed him and put him in their car. His wife and two children were devastated as they watched Vern being taken away. Because Vern had already been ordered deported, he was not given the opportunity to explain to a judge why he had not followed his deportation order. Eight days later, Vern was deported to Guatemala.

Maria had to figure out how to get by with her minimum-wage job. Vern had to learn to readjust to Guatemala City \u2013 which he had left 18 years earlier.

Maximo: Collateral arrest

A Dominican citizen who lived in Puerto Rico, Maximo shared an apartment in San Juan with two other men \u2013 a Venezuelan and a Puerto Rican. One morning in 2010, they heard banging on the door. Maximo tried to sleep through it, but the banging got louder. Finally, he got up to answer the door.

Just before he reached the door, the people knocking decided to break it down. Maximo found himself surrounded by several armed officers, some wearing \"ICE\u201d jackets. The agents didn\u2019t indicate that they had a warrant for the arrest of a specific person. Instead, they demanded to see all occupants of the house, pointed guns at them and ordered them to sit on the floor. When they asked Maximo for identification, he gave them his Dominican passport. They asked if he was in the country illegally, and he said he was.

Maximo was arrested and taken to an immigration detention center. He signed a voluntary departure form and was deported to Santo Domingo in the Dominican Republic two days later. A voluntary departure allowed Maximo to be deported quickly. He could have asked for an immigration hearing, but he would have had to spend months in detention awaiting his hearing, and his chances of gaining legalization were slim.

Although Maximo was undocumented, he had constitutional rights against unreasonable search and seizure, and those rights were violated. Law enforcement agents have the authority to break down your door if they have a search warrant and you do not open the door. However, immigration agents almost never have search warrants. The warrants they secure are administrative warrants that do not permit them to enter houses without the consent of the occupants.

Home raids tend to happen early in the morning to ensure the targets are home. In many cases, this means that these raids happen when the whole family is home and children have to watch their parent forcibly removed from the home. In some cases, these children will never see their parent again.

I believe these raids are an ineffective means of immigration law enforcement, yet are effective at spreading fear and tearing families apart.

This article was originally published on The Conversation. Read the original article here: http://theconversation.com/immigrants-deported-under-obama-share-stories-of-terror-and-rights-violations-74212.

"}, {"id":"f8055fb6-b48a-5a84-9d76-eb34b34b8dfa","type":"article","starttime":"1490231190","starttime_iso8601":"2017-03-22T18:06:30-07:00","lastupdated":"1490234520","priority":0,"sections":[{"columnists":"opinion/columnists"},{"columnists":"news/opinion/columnists"}],"flags":{"ap":"true"},"application":"editorial","title":"Why polls seem to struggle to get it right \u2013 on elections and everything else","url":"http://tucson.com/opinion/columnists/article_f8055fb6-b48a-5a84-9d76-eb34b34b8dfa.html","permalink":"http://tucson.com/opinion/columnists/why-polls-seem-to-struggle-to-get-it-right-on/article_f8055fb6-b48a-5a84-9d76-eb34b34b8dfa.html","canonical":"https://theconversation.com/why-polls-seem-to-struggle-to-get-it-right-on-elections-and-everything-else-73579","relatedAssetCounts":{"article":0,"audio":0,"image":0,"link":0,"vmix":0,"youtube":0,"gallery":0},"byline":"Daniel Alexander\nDrake University","prologue":"Daniel Alexander, Drake University","supportsComments":true,"commentCount":0,"keywords":["wire","presidential elections","national elections","elections","government and politics","2016 united states presidential election","united states presidential election","political approval ratings","public opinion","social affairs","state elections","demographics","2012 united states presidential election"],"internalKeywords":["#lee","#ap"],"customProperties":{},"presentation":null,"revision":2,"commentID":"f8055fb6-b48a-5a84-9d76-eb34b34b8dfa","body":"

Daniel Alexander, Drake University

(THE CONVERSATION) I am a professor of mathematics, so my ears perk up when I hear someone say that polls seem inaccurate.

The public understandably focuses on polling results and how much these results seem to vary. Take two presidential approval polls from March 21. Polling firm Rasmussen Reports reported that 50 percent of Americans approve of President Donald Trump\u2019s performance, while, that same day, Gallup stated that only 37 percent do. In late February, the website FiveThirtyEight listed 18 other presidential approval polls in which Trump\u2019s approval ratings ranged from 39 percent to 55 percent.

Some of these pollsters queried likely voters, some registered voters and others adults, regardless of their voting status. Almost half of the polls relied on phone calls, another half on online polling and a few used a mix of the two. Further complicating matters, it\u2019s not entirely clear how calling cellphones or landlines affects a poll\u2019s results.

Each of these choices has a consequence, and the range of results attests to the degree that these choices can influence results.

Polling is what mathematicians might call a \u201cblack art,\u201d a tongue-in-cheek way of saying it does not have the precision of pure mathematics. This perspective offers some insight into why polls appear divided, contradictory, or even flat-out wrong \u2013 such as those in the recent presidential election.

In my view, the popular sense that polls are inaccurate stems not from poor polling practices, but from assumptions that both pollsters and the public make. For polls to be more useful to consumers, we need to understand their limitations. The practice of polling and how results are communicated could be improved to build better trust with consumers.

Led astray

Like many of you, I watched TV on the evening of Nov. 8 in increasing disbelief. I had closely followed FiveThirtyEight\u2019s projections throughout the election season. The site used hundreds of state presidential preference polls to model the election\u2019s outcome. Its poll-based projections have a stellar track record: Between the 2008 and 2012 presidential elections, FiveThirtyEight correctly forecast the victor in every state but one, as well as Washington, D.C.

While FiveThirtyEight\u2019s final projections assigned a 71 to 72 percent probability to Hillary Clinton\u2019s victory, it wasn\u2019t as bullish on her chances as other poll-based models. The New York Times model gave Clinton an 85 percent chance of winning. The Princeton Election Consortium put Clinton\u2019s probability of victory at greater than 99 percent.

Trump\u2019s \u201csurprise\u201d victory led many to wonder how the polls and the models that use them got things so wrong.

At the national level, however, the polls did get it right. The final average of national polls at RealClearPolitics had Hillary Clinton ahead by 3.2 percent nationally. Clinton won the popular vote by roughly 2.1 percent, well within the margin of error.

The presidential election is not decided by national votes, but rather at the state level. If the polls did err, it was in a handful of electorally important states. The majority of the poll-based models listed on The New York Times site, including those of FiveThirtyEight and the Princeton Election Consortium, projected that Clinton would win the pivotal states of Florida, Michigan, North Carolina, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin. Most polls in these states put Clinton ahead as well. If Clinton lost two, or even three, of these states, she could still win.

When the results came in, many of us reacted with shock. Had we more closely attended to the implications of the margin of error, we would perhaps not have.

The margin of error

Every poll has a margin of error. The margin of error means that the true number is not necessarily the reported result, but is within a given range.

Pollsters include a margin of error because they are polling a tiny sample of the voting public. While pollsters do an excellent job of making sure their sample is representative of the voting public, it is rarely a perfect mirror, so there is inevitably error.

In other words, true support for a candidate could fall anywhere within a given range of the poll\u2019s results.

For example, the Democratic polling firm Public Policy Polling sampled 957 likely Michigan voters over two days in November, placing Clinton in the lead over Trump, 46 percent to 41 percent. The poll listed a 3.2 percent margin of error.

So, rather than a simple total, the polls provide a range of possible outcomes. The margin of error implied Clinton\u2019s support level was between 42.8 and 49.2 percent \u2013 that is, 46 percent plus or minus the margin of error. Trump\u2019s, likewise, lay between 37.8 and 44.2 percent.

It is entirely possible that both candidates\u2019 votes could be in the overlap of their respective ranges. It is here that scenarios exist where Trump is ahead in Michigan. Most November polls in Florida, Michigan, North Carolina, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin had Clinton ahead, but, in almost every case, the final results fell within a poll\u2019s margins of error.

It is quite natural to see a headline saying that Clinton leads in a poll and conclude that she is indeed ahead. But a correct interpretation of that result can include the possibility that she may not be. To be a savvy reader of polls requires knowing about polling\u2019s inherent limitations.

Hidden assumptions

Polling is limited because pollsters make assumptions, including assumptions about likely voters and demographics. Out of necessity, these assumptions are based on voting patterns from past elections.

Pollsters need to project with a great deal of precision the final voting percentage of each of the subpopulations that compose the electorate. Since polling occurs before an election, it is no easy task to predict, for example, how many white working-class men will vote. Likewise, it is extremely difficult to know the degree to which the prospect of electing a black president drew African-Americans to the polls in 2008 and 2012. Pollsters have to make assumptions about these kinds of things, and each assumption introduces potential error.

The different assumptions polls make about their samples helps explain the broad range of results we saw in the Trump approval ratings.

It also may help explain why, during the election, Trump outperformed the polls in battleground states. His support was high among white working-class voters, who evidently came to the polls in greater numbers than expected. Clinton hoped that black voters would turn out close to how they did in 2008 or 2012, which did not occur. Trump\u2019s margin of victory in the pivotal states of Michigan, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin was roughly 77,000 votes out of 15 million cast.

Very slight changes in demographic assumptions could have accounted for these 77,000 votes and resulted in polls that put Trump ahead.

Hedging your bets

There are ways to hedge against error. Baseball teams like the Chicago Cubs and the Boston Red Sox mix sophisticated analytics with an \u201ceye test\u201d: that is, the input of old baseball hands who rely on observation and feel rather than pure numbers.

Much in the same way, pollsters and modelers could try mixing in human elements. For example, to find out more about personality traits that might impact electability, the Cook Political Report incorporates personal interviews with candidates into their projections of House races. Pollsters could also try to gauge the enthusiasm of a presidential candidate\u2019s supporters by measuring social media activity or public signs.

Another way to improve a poll\u2019s accuracy would be to offer multiple demographic models. For example, Public Policy Polling could have used three different models for its Michigan poll, each based on different demographic assumptions. One might assume black turnout as being the same as the previous presidential election; the second could assume a slightly greater turnout; and the third a smaller one. While these kinds of results might resist easy reduction to a headline, they would provide a richer range of possibilities and perhaps fewer surprises.

Some poll-based models hedge against error by considering other factors, such as their own demographic analyses, incumbent approval ratings and economic indicators. Stating their results as a probability also serves to highlight the uncertainty involved. But they are still based on polls.

An apt analogy is another way to hedge. On the morning of the election, The New York Times observed that Clinton\u2019s chances of winning were roughly the same that a professional field goal kicker will make a 37-yard field goal.

But even the best kickers sometimes miss.

This article was originally published on The Conversation. Read the original article here: http://theconversation.com/why-polls-seem-to-struggle-to-get-it-right-on-elections-and-everything-else-73579.

"}, {"id":"7bd048fd-4b73-503a-8354-908a9668f2b1","type":"article","starttime":"1490231168","starttime_iso8601":"2017-03-22T18:06:08-07:00","lastupdated":"1490234520","priority":0,"sections":[{"columnists":"opinion/columnists"},{"columnists":"news/opinion/columnists"}],"flags":{"ap":"true"},"application":"editorial","title":"What's the point of an ethics course?","url":"http://tucson.com/opinion/columnists/article_7bd048fd-4b73-503a-8354-908a9668f2b1.html","permalink":"http://tucson.com/opinion/columnists/what-s-the-point-of-an-ethics-course/article_7bd048fd-4b73-503a-8354-908a9668f2b1.html","canonical":"https://theconversation.com/whats-the-point-of-an-ethics-course-74025","relatedAssetCounts":{"article":0,"audio":0,"image":0,"link":0,"vmix":0,"youtube":0,"gallery":0},"byline":"Cassandra Burke Robertson\nCase Western Reserve University","prologue":"Cassandra Burke Robertson, Case Western Reserve University","supportsComments":true,"commentCount":0,"keywords":["wire","cabinet appointments and nominations","cabinets","government and politics","government appointments and nominations","political scandals","political issues","political corruption","political ethics"],"internalKeywords":["#lee","#ap"],"customProperties":{},"presentation":null,"revision":2,"commentID":"7bd048fd-4b73-503a-8354-908a9668f2b1","body":"

Cassandra Burke Robertson, Case Western Reserve University

(THE CONVERSATION) Earlier in March, news broke that the White House had declined to award a contract for an ethics course aimed at senior staffers, Cabinet nominees and others holding political appointments in the Trump administration.

The decision made news because the Trump administration was already under fire for alleged ethical lapses. National Security Adviser Michael Flynn resigned after allegedly failing to disclose information about his lobbying work and his communications with Russia; Attorney General Jeff Sessions recused himself from investigations into Russian interference with the election after news stories revealed that he had also met with Russian officials; and the United States Office of Government Ethics recommended that the White House consider disciplinary action against adviser Kellyanne Conway for using her position to endorse Ivanka Trump\u2019s branded merchandise.

Media reports said the Trump team saw the decision to scrap the ethics training, previously adopted by both the Bush and Obama administrations, as improving efficiency: the program was estimated to cost one million dollars, and could be seen as wasteful because staff had already been through ethics training before the inauguration.

A White House spokesperson responding to the news reports stated that the White House would continue to provide direct instruction on the standards the officials were expected to follow.

I am a scholar of legal ethics who has studied ethical decision-making in the political sphere. My research suggests that when individuals are blinded by an unconscious partisan bias \u2013 such as highly committed presidential staff in the White House \u2013 it can result in a failure to recognize ethical issues. They may act in ways that accidentally undermine their own political interests.

Ethics courses, in other words, can make a difference.

Here\u2019s how this works

Attorneys, for example, often overestimate the strength of their client\u2019s position. A sense of kinship between attorney and client can be good to the extent that the attorney is able to see through the client\u2019s eyes and work toward the client\u2019s goals.

But this same closeness can hurt the client when it goes too far \u2013 the attorney can come to share the client\u2019s blind spots. My research suggested that such partisan bias likely played a role in the Enron collapse, as legal advisers may have been too close to management to be able to offer the kind of neutral advice needed to identify the risks to the company.

I also argue that a similar dynamic was at play in the administration of President George W. Bush, when legal and political advisers drafted the so-called \u201cTorture Memos.\u201d These memos, drafted in 2002, purported to analyze what types of interrogation would be allowed under the Geneva Convention. They adopted a very narrow definition of \u201ctorture,\u201d ultimately concluding that activities traditionally considered unlawful torture could be legally implemented in the post-9/11 landscape. The memos were heavily criticized from both the left and the right, and were later withdrawn.

This problem of partisan bias is a common one. It has even become something of a clich\u00e9. Whenever a governmental or business scandal arises, one of the first questions asked is \u201cWhere were the lawyers?\u201d And perhaps counterintuitively, the problem only increases the higher an individual rises within a partisan group \u2013 it gets more difficult to see oneself through the eyes of outsiders.

There are many such high-profile cases, from the savings and loan scandal of the 1980s to an ongoing Volkswagen investigation over false emissions data. In all these cases, highly educated advisers, hired to make sure legal and ethical rules were followed, overlooked obvious red flags in practice.

The value of repetitive ethics training

My research suggests that regularly scheduled ethics training is beneficial even when it does not impart any new information, but merely emphasizes what employees already know.

This is because, in most situations, ethical dilemmas arise not from a situation where someone did not know the ethical rules in the abstract. Instead, they arise when individuals are unable to identify the relevant ethical principle in the event of a crisis. The partisan bias is a stumbling block that makes it harder for people to analyze a situation neutrally and to identify the relevant legal or ethical requirements.

Other scholars have suggested that regularly scheduled ethics training can help people recognize ethical dilemmas.

In an article \u201cCultures of Compliance,\u201d law professor Donald C. Langevoortwrites that communication about ethical obligations must be \u201cpersistent, unambiguously tied to the real choices managers make on a day-to-day basis.\u201d

Regularity of such communication is important. Merely hearing the rules a single time is not sufficient to be able to call on them in the heat of a crisis. Other organizational behavior researchers have found that timing matters in ethical decision-making.

Specifically, they found that the more time that elapses between thinking about ethical issues in the abstract and being confronted with a concrete ethical crisis, the more difficult it is for people to draw on their ethical understanding.

A mere one-time transmission of information about ethical obligations, in other words, is often not enough, especially if such training occurs long before the individual is confronted with an ethical dilemma.

By meeting regularly with others to discuss and consider the legal standards and ethical issues inherent in the professional context, individuals find that those issues become more salient \u2013 that is, they have a higher position in the individual\u2019s conscious awareness, making it easier for the individual to recognize ethical dilemmas and to draw on that ethical training when confronted with such a dilemma.

The political benefit

All the evidence points to the fact that most people tend to interpret their own behavior in the best possible light, even when their actions appear to violate their own moral convictions.

This is especially true when people consider themselves to be fundamentally moral individuals, as most do. And this sympathetic view carries over to those with whom we identify and for whom we share affinity.

Breaking through this partisan bias requires the ability to see how choices are likely to look to outsiders \u2013 an important skill for individuals seeking political favor. Failing to do so can backfire.

Ethical criticisms of the Trump White House have ultimately taken both a political and business toll. Polling suggests that a majority of Americans have a negative perception of President Trump\u2019s ethical compliance.

And after an initial sales spike, Ivanka Trump\u2019s clothing brand continues to struggle. The White House sought to defend Kellyanne Conway\u2019s statements by emphasizing that her endorsement of Ivanka Trump\u2019s clothing line was merely \u201cinadvertent,\u201d made \u201cwithout nefarious motive or intent to benefit personally\u201d in an attempt \u201cto stand up for a person she believed had been unfairly treated.\u201d

The value of regular \u2013 and even repetitive \u2013 ethics training is to steer clear of just this type of \u201cinadvertent\u201d error. It can help individuals look beyond their own partisan biases and more clearly see how actions taken in the political sphere are likely to be perceived by outsiders.

Voters, after all, are outsiders. Responding to ethical challenges in a way that breaks through the partisan bubble and resonates with the larger population has significant political value.

This article was originally published on The Conversation. Read the original article here: http://theconversation.com/whats-the-point-of-an-ethics-course-74025.

"}, {"id":"c2309f9e-a978-56ed-9f55-1677e5c77ebc","type":"article","starttime":"1490231162","starttime_iso8601":"2017-03-22T18:06:02-07:00","lastupdated":"1490234520","priority":0,"sections":[{"columnists":"opinion/columnists"},{"columnists":"news/opinion/columnists"}],"flags":{"ap":"true"},"application":"editorial","title":"How a study about Chronic Fatigue Syndrome was doctored, adding to pain and stigma","url":"http://tucson.com/opinion/columnists/article_c2309f9e-a978-56ed-9f55-1677e5c77ebc.html","permalink":"http://tucson.com/opinion/columnists/how-a-study-about-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-was-doctored-adding/article_c2309f9e-a978-56ed-9f55-1677e5c77ebc.html","canonical":"https://theconversation.com/how-a-study-about-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-was-doctored-adding-to-pain-and-stigma-74890","relatedAssetCounts":{"article":0,"audio":0,"image":0,"link":0,"vmix":0,"youtube":0,"gallery":0},"byline":"Steven Lubet\nNorthwestern University","prologue":"Steven Lubet, Northwestern University","supportsComments":true,"commentCount":0,"keywords":["wire","psychotherapy","diagnosis and treatment","health","chronic fatigue syndrome","diseases and conditions","medical research","physical fitness"],"internalKeywords":["#lee","#ap"],"customProperties":{},"presentation":null,"revision":2,"commentID":"c2309f9e-a978-56ed-9f55-1677e5c77ebc","body":"

Steven Lubet, Northwestern University

(THE CONVERSATION) The public relies on scientists to report their findings accurately and completely, but that does not always happen. Too often, researchers announce only their most favorable outcomes, while keeping more disappointing results well out of sight.

This phenomenon, first identified by the psychologist Robert Rosenthal in 1979, is called the \u201cfile drawer problem.\u201d Although it is widely recognized \u2013 affecting drug trials, psychology experiments and most other fields \u2013 it has seldom been documented, for obvious reasons. Suppressed results are, well, suppressed, and they are usually discovered only by chance.

It was therefore almost unprecedented when a group of patients, at the end of last year, successfully unmasked the skewed data behind an influential British study, first published in Lancet in 2011, of the devastating disease known as Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (sometimes called myalgic encephalomyelitis or ME/CFS).

My interest in this issue is both professional and personal. As a law professor, I have devoted much of my career to the study of judicial ethics, including the problem of implicit biases that can undermine the reliability of both court trials and clinical trials.

I have also been living with ME/CFS for over a decade, so I am acutely attuned to the need for responsible and transparent research on the illness. Unfortunately, the most extensive study of ME/CFS \u2013 called the PACE trial \u2013 was deeply flawed from its inception, in ways that the principal investigators have yet to acknowledge.

\u2018Dysfunctional\u2019 beliefs all too real for those in pain

The story began in 2005, when a group of psychiatrists set out to test their theory that ME/CFS is primarily a psychosocial illness, characterized by patients\u2019 \u201cunhelpful cognitions\u201d and their \u201cdysfunctional\u201d beliefs that their symptoms are caused by an organic disease.

Under this assumption, they recruited over 600 ME/CFS patients for the PACE trial and randomly divided them into four categories. One group was treated with cognitive behavior therapy (CBT), a form of psychotherapy that addresses patients\u2019 \u201cfalse perceptions\u201d of their illness, and a second group received graded exercise therapy (GET), which consisted of supervised increases in their activity levels. The other two groups were essentially controls, receiving neither of the treatments under study.

In a 2013 article in Psychological Medicine, the PACE team announced its most striking results. This follow-up article claimed that the therapy arms of the study \u2013 CBT and GET \u2013 had achieved impressive 22 percent recovery rates \u2013 not just improvement rates \u2013 as opposed to only seven or eight percent in the control arms.

The result was enthusiastically promoted in the press, but many patients were suspicious, especially of the GET outcomes, which contradicted their experience of debilitating crashes following the simple movements of daily life.

ME/CFS patients have consistently explained that exertion exacerbates their worst symptoms. For many, even moderate exercise can result in a days-long crash, in which they are nearly immobilized by muscle weakness and joint pain. In the U.S., post-exertional relapse has been recognized as the defining characteristic of the illness by the Centers for Disease Control, the National Institutes of Health and the Institute of Medicine.

For the PACE investigators, however, the announced recovery results validated their conviction that psychotherapy and exercise provided the key to reversing ME/CFS.

There was just one problem. A subsequent investigation found that the PACE investigators had changed the standard for recovery midstream, weakening one of the key criteria to the point that a subject could actually have gotten worse in the course of the trial and yet still count as \u201crecovered\u201d following supervised GET.

Unraveling the mystery

Here is how it worked, as shown by the investigation: At the outset of the trial, patients were recruited who scored at 65 or lower on a measure called the physical function score, and recovery was defined as achieving a subsequent score of 85 or higher, which indicates a relatively healthy person.

Before the unblinded trial was completed, however, the definition of recovery was reduced to a score of 60, which was below the level that qualified research subjects in the first place.

It was the change in this outcome measure (and several others) that allowed the PACE researchers to declare their favorable outcome for GET. The unimpressive results under the original protocol went unpublished, as though they had been stuck in a a figurative file drawer.

When the Psychological Medicine article was published in 2013, members of the patient community immediately pointed out the discrepancy. Because the study had been publicly funded, they sought the underlying data under the U.K.\u2019s Freedom of Information law. The PACE investigators refused to release any of the raw results.

In October 2015, David Tuller of the University of California at Berkeley published a lengthy expose of the PACE trial, pointing out the jiggered outcome measure, as detailed above, and many other flaws. His report attracted the attention of numerous American scientists who joined an open letter seeking an independent review of the PACE data.

Finally, in summer 2016, a British Freedom of Information tribunal ordered the PACE team to unlock the file drawer and disclose their raw data. A revelation followed.

Exaggerated recovery claims

A group of patients and scholars reanalyzed the PACE data according to the original determinants and, as suspected, the \u201crecoveries\u201d under CBT and GET all but disappeared. As they reported last December in a peer-reviewed medical journal, the recovery rate for CBT fell to seven percent and the rate for GET fell to four percent, which were statistically indistinguishable from the three percent rate for the untreated controls.

Thus, the PACE investigators proved nothing more than a familiar adage among statisticians: If you torture the data, they will confess anything.

Researchers in the U.S. and Australia have recently made great progress toward identifying biomarkers for ME/CFS, which may lead to an effective medical intervention. Over 100 prominent researchers, clinicians and organizations have called on Psychological Medicine to retract the PACE article, although the journal has not yet publicly responded.

Thanks to the original PACE announcement, however, graded exercise is still routinely prescribed throughout the U.S. and the U.K. despite reports that the treatments can cause intolerable pain and relapse. Those who question GET are often told that they must simply exercise more, no matter how badly they crash afterward.

It is bad enough to torture the data, but it is indefensible to torture patients based on manipulated results.

This article was originally published on The Conversation. Read the original article here: http://theconversation.com/how-a-study-about-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-was-doctored-adding-to-pain-and-stigma-74890.

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Since Arizona last made it to the Final Four in 2001, almost 30 NCAA Division-I men\u2019s basketball teams have made it to March Madness\u2019 ultimate weekend.

A full 29, to be exact. Twenty-nine other programs that have tasted April\u2019s sweet showers since the Wildcats last did. Sixteen years! Old enough for a driver\u2019s license.

It\u2019s enough to make you want to wax poetic.

So I did.

Call it \u201cThe Rides of March.\u201d

For every Duke and UNC, there\u2019s a Cinderella story, a VCU or Butler, coming so close to glory.

Georgetown has been there, Indiana and Maryland, too, but for the Terps and Hoosiers, it hasn\u2019t been since 2002.

Oklahoma has made it twice, and Florida made it three. UCLA, also thrice, but Texas not since \u201903.

Neither has Marquette, who\u2019s run with Wade was lore, and for Georgia Tech and OK State, who last made it in \u201904.

They say for a team to succeed, it must advance and survive; someone forgot to tell Illinois, who hasn\u2019t made it since \u201905.

For LSU it\u2019s been 11 years and for Memphis it\u2019s been eight, and it\u2019s been seven years since West Virginia has been destiny\u2019s date.

VCU went in \u201911 and couldn\u2019t win it for Shaka Smart, and surprise, surprise, one year later, it was the Shockers\u2019 start.

Wichita State\u2019s only got that one time, which made them want to shout, Michigan finally made it in \u201913, after over a decade of drought.

And then there are the teams who seem to get there every year, led by coaches with graying hair, grinning ear-to-ear.

Roy Williams and Tom Izzo, Bill Self, even Coach K, Bo Ryan hung the laces up, John Calipari is here to stay.

That Thad Matta has taken the Buckeyes back to relevance, and Jim Boeheim is aching for just another chance.

And speaking of the dance, almost as if it\u2019s bridal, Rick Pitino\u2019s brought Louisville back, even winning another title.

You might be a little surprised to learn who\u2019s been the best, because it might be easy to forget, coming from the West.

Kentucky\u2019s gone four times this decade! For no one else, that\u2019s true. Let us not pretend they ever wore Cinderella\u2019s shoe.

Nor Kansas, which has gone four times since Arizona last advanced, nor UConn, as well, which also four times danced.

Then you\u2019ve got Michigan State, always one of March\u2019s best bargains, seeing as it\u2019s been four long marches for the Spartans.

Jay Wright has taken Nova twice, and even all the way, but even with the top seed this year, the Wildcats are no longer in play.

And that\u2019s about it, the whole stinking lot, who\u2019ve made it to April since Arizona\u2019s last shot.

A decade-and-a-half, quite a long time, enough to make you crazy, or make you want to rhyme.

But if you didn\u2019t like this poem, maybe called it needed filler, perhaps Arizona will make it to Glendale; and next year, an ode to Sean Miller?

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