Learn more about the leaders, citizens and rogues who made Arizona what it was by statehood on Feb. 14, 1912.
Gallery originally published in 2011.
Mary spoke no Spanish and her husband, Epifanio, spoke no English when they met in Missouri. He held freighting contracts along the Santa Fe Trail and brought Mamie west in 1863. She kept a detailed diary of their journey. Epifanio and three others were killed by Indians near Sasabe in 1870, and Mamie returned to family in Missouri.
She moved back to Arizona in 1875, teaching at Tres Alamos on the San Pedro River — which she had to leave because of the threat of Indian raids — and then at a girls school in Tucson. In 1895, she became head of the Spanish language and English history departments at the UA. Her amazing story is the subject of books.