It is summer in Tucson and you cannot escape that constant high-pitched buzzzzzz. Find out more about our cicada friends.
Your workmates and dinner guests will be amazed — and possibly grossed out — by your in-depth knowledge.
1. Tucson’s cicadas are Cactus Dodgers and Apaches
The cicadas most common to Tucson are part of a group called Dog Days. Because (as you might have guessed) they appear during the dog days of summer. Peter Warren, the urban horticulture agent for the Pima County Cooperative Extension at the University of Arizona, says the dog day cicadas here include Apache cicadas (Diceroprocta apache) and Diceroprocta semicincta. “Cactus dodger is a common name attributed to several species, two of which are found in Arizona,” he says.
2. They bust out of the ground like a bug zombie army
Cicadas lay their eggs in tree branches, the babies make their way into the ground, stay there for about three years while they shed, feed on tree roots, get bigger and then bust out. Warren says he wouldn’t describe them as zombies since the cicadas are looking for mates (and not un-dead).
3. Cicada husks make good jewelry
The cicadas continue to shed once they emerge from the ground. People make jewelry from the fragile exoskeletons, proving the point that you can buy anything on Etsy. “Beetles are more durable,” Warren says. “I once purchased caddisfly case earrings for my special lady friend.”
4. Cicada buzzing heralds the approaching monsoon
Warren says many insects — such as ants, termites and palo verde beetles — emerge with environmental markers like the monsoon. The cicadas are out a couple of weeks before the monsoon begins.
5. The buzzing is from wobbling abdomens
Warren says the male cicadas have “drum-skin like membranes inside their abdomens that they wobble with their muscles and amplify inside their bodies.” A mating call that’s better than dinner and a movie.
Cicadas are edible. Called the “shrimp of the land” it’s best to harvest them early in the morning while they are still soft and fresh from emerging from the ground. Learn how to make cicada dumplings and El Chirper Tacos in “Cicada-licious” — a recipe book available for free online (this is totally a thing that is real.) Warren says they’re “delish, a nice nutty flavor.”
7.They fill the trees
Warren guesses there are thousands in the area during a season.
8. Bug sweat
Cicadas are able to stay out during the heat of the day because they have the ability to sweat.
Cicadas are a symbol of rebirth, transformation and beauty in many different cultures. Kokopelli is a cicada. Warren says, “Many insects get this reputation because of their dramatic metamorphosis. See 'Silence of the Lambs.' ”
10. Wasps are their worst enemies
If you are a cicada, you do not want to be stung by a cicada-killer wasp because it will take you hostage and lay its eggs in your body. How unfortunate.
Peter Warren is the urban horticulture agent for the Pima County Cooperative Extension at the University of Arizona. He writes the Ask the Garden Sage column for Tucson.com and the Arizona Daily Star. Send insect, plant and other questions to firstname.lastname@example.org