Black smoke rises from a smoke stack of the facilities at Alcatraz island, also known as "The Rock," in the San Francisco Bay, Calif., on October 12, 1933. The island, which has a long history as a military prison, was chosen by the U.S. attorney general to become the new federal penitentiary for dangerous criminals. Seen in the background are the hills of Angel Island. (AP Photo)

ASSOCIATED PRESS