Ham, also known as Ham the Chimp, was the first higher primate launched into outer space on January 31, 1961. Ham is shown on the deck of the rescue ship after his capsule splashed down in the Atlantic Ocean on January 31. Ham's journey started when he was secured in a Project Mercury capsule labeled MR-2 and launched from Cape Canaveral, Forida. This was the first suborbital flight, an animal experiment, carrying a chimpanzee to an altitude of 155 miles, with a parachute splashdown 420 miles down range. Ham, shown in a special biopack counch, was recovered in good condition. (AP Photo)