Presidential candidates Sen. John F. Kennedy, left, and Vice President Richard M. Nixon are shown following their nationally televised first of four presidential debates at a television studio in Chicago, Ill., Sept. 26, 1960. This was the first ever televised presidential debate. According to the Museum of Broadcast Communications, Nixon was recovering from a knee injury and was underweight and had a sickly pallor. He refused makeup to improve his color. Kennedy had been campaigning in California and was tan and fit. Those who heard the debate on the radio declared Nixon the winner, but those who saw it on television declared Kennedy the winner by a wide margin.