House panel OKs raising number of candidates for judge openings

2013-02-21T00:00:00Z House panel OKs raising number of candidates for judge openingsHoward Fischer Capitol Media Services Arizona Daily Star
February 21, 2013 12:00 am  • 

PHOENIX - State lawmakers launched what could be considered an end-run of last year's voter rejection of a change in how judges are selected.

On a 6-1 margin Wednesday, the House Judiciary Committee approved legislation that would require the governor be given at least five names from which to pick when appointing for the Supreme Court, Court of Appeals and the Superior Courts of Pima, Pinal and Maricopa counties.

The vote on HB 2600 came despite the comments of Pete Dunn, lobbyist for the Arizona Judges Association.

He pointed out that the state constitution says the special selection panels that screen candidates need to send only three names for each vacancy. Dunn said he believes the proposed change is an illegal attempt by the Legislature to effectively alter the constitution, something that can be done only by voters.

And Dunn pointed out that voters had a chance just last year to approve Proposition 115, which would have mandated the governor be given at least eight names in most circumstances. That proposal was rejected by a margin of close to 3 to 1.

But Rep. Justin Pierce, R-Mesa, said he believes the rejection was based on concerns about another provision of the measure that would have given the governor more control over who serves on the screening panels.

And Rep. Eddie Farns-worth, R-Gilbert, said he reads the constitution to say only that the governor has to be given at least three names. He contended there is nothing illegal about the Legislature boosting that number to five, even with voter disapproval of the ballot measure.

At the heart of the fight is the contention by some that the governor should be given more choices. Pierce said while the constitution allows the screening commission to nominate as many people as it wants, that has happened only twice in nearly 40 years.

And he argued the governor's choices are even narrower than that because the nomination lists must include people from more than one party, which normally means just two names from the governor's own party.

Pierce said he believes that there usually are far more than three qualified applicants for most vacant slots.

Dunn, however, said most members of the current commission that makes nominations for the appellate level courts were appointed by Gov. Jan Brewer, and they would not seek to withhold the names of qualified people from her, as Pierce suggested.

Dunn said the constitutional provision allowing the screening panels to nominate as few as three people is sacrosanct and not subject to alteration except by amendment, which takes a public vote.

Farnsworth, however, pointed out that the legislation does permit a nominating commission to send fewer than five names. But it requires a two-thirds vote to conclude there are not five qualified applicants.

He said that makes the legislation conform with the constitution.

But Jerry Landau, lobbyist for the Administrative Office of the Courts, an arm of the Arizona Supreme Court, said it will be up to the justices to make that final decision.

The concept, which now needs approval of the full House, already has Brewer's support.

Copyright 2014 Arizona Daily Star. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

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