War-damaged Sierra Leone holds presidential election

West Africa vote pits incumbent vs. ex-military leader
2012-11-18T00:00:00Z War-damaged Sierra Leone holds presidential electionThe Associated Press The Associated Press
November 18, 2012 12:00 am  • 

FREETOWN, Sierra Leone - Sierra Leoneans chose Saturday between keeping an incumbent president who has expanded health care and paved roads or electing an opposition candidate to lead this war-scarred nation still recovering a decade later despite its mineral riches.

The election marked the third presidential vote since the West African nation's 11-year conflict ended in 2002, a brutal war during which rebels tortured victims and conscripted child soldiers.

Voters said Saturday they wanted to demonstrate just how far Sierra Leone has come over the past decade by holding a transparent and peaceful vote.

"We've been through a lot in the last 20 years. Now we're trying to move forward," said Mannah Kpukumu, 36, a civil servant waiting in a line that snaked near a giant cotton tree long before dawn. "We the young guys want employment and to be able to take care of our families."

National election officials spread that message through posters affixed to tin shacks and traffic circles throughout the capital of Freetown: "The world is watching us. Let us don't disappoint them."

Election workers slept overnight at polling stations, and some voters began lining up at 2 a.m. in the congested seaside capital, with chests pressed up against the people in front of them.

Sierra Leone's chief elections officer Christiana Thorpe said there were reports of some technical problems in the country's east, including vehicles breaking down while distributing voter materials.

However, she said that while some polling stations opened late, problems were swiftly solved.

President Ernest Bai Koroma later cast his vote as his backers chanted his name.

Leading opposition candidate and former military leader Julius Maada Bio told reporters at his polling station that he remained "very confident I am going to defeat the president in this very first round."

Koroma won office in 2007 on promises to help uplift the country and sought to reassure voters with campaign signs that read: "I Will Do More."

His supporters point to strides made in the country's health-care system through a program offering free medical aid. And they also see hope for Sierra Leone because of several offshore oil discoveries made in the last three years.

Koroma's health-care program has proved enormously popular in a country hard hit by cholera earlier this year and that has one of the highest rates of maternal mortality in the world.

Most of the country's nearly 6 million people live on less than $1.25 a day, according to World Bank statistics, and life remains especially difficult for the estimated 2,000 people who were seriously maimed during the war.

Koroma's APC party faces eight challengers including the leading opposition figure Bio, a retired brigadier-general from the Sierra Leone Peoples Party. Bio calls himself the "father of democracy" after his brief three-month tenure as head of state in 1996 before handing over power to a democratically elected civilian government.

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