Obama renews vow to shut prison at Guantanamo Bay

2013-05-01T00:00:00Z Obama renews vow to shut prison at Guantanamo BayAnita Kumar Mcclatchy Newspapers Arizona Daily Star
May 01, 2013 12:00 am  • 

WASHINGTON - Presi-dent Obama said Tuesday that he would redouble efforts on a failed first-term campaign promise to close the prison for terrorism suspects at the U.S. Navy base at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.

"Guantanamo is not necessary to keep America safe," Obama said. "It is expensive. It is inefficient. It hurts us, in terms of our international standing. It lessens cooperation with our allies on counterterrorism efforts. It is a recruitment tool for extremists. It needs to be closed."

His remarks came after 100 of the 166 detainees at the facility embarked on hunger strikes. The inmates are being force-fed despite concerns from the American Medical Association that the practice violates core ethical values of the medical profession.

"I don't want these individuals to die," the president said. "Obviously, the Pentagon is … trying to manage the situation as best as they can."

Obama said he'd directed a team to review the issue before he'd ask Congress again to close the facility. But the president provided no details on how he might do that. The White House said later Tuesday that Obama is considering reappointing a senior State Department official to focus on repatriating or transferring detainees who can be sent to their home countries or third countries, and on better implementing an existing review of inmates, which has not moved quickly enough, said Caitlin Hayden, spokeswoman for the National Security Council.

In a wide-ranging news conference at the White House, Obama also fielded questions for 45 minutes about the use of chemical weapons in Syria, the actions of federal investigators before the bombings April 15 at the Boston Marathon, the across-the-board spending cuts that went into effect in March and his coming trip to Mexico and Costa Rica.

Of those issues, Guantanamo is the one that's frustrated Obama the longest, ever since he campaigned for his first term with the promise to close the facility that President George W. Bush opened after the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks.

In one of his first actions as president, Obama issued an executive order that called for the facility to be shut within a year. But he faced stiff opposition by lawmakers of both parties on Capitol Hill, in part because of concerns over where detainees would be transferred.

He stopped actively pushing for the closure and in 2011 drew criticism from human-rights organizations by signing a law that placed restrictions on transferring inmates from the facility.

Obama said Guantanamo might have been needed after the 2001 terrorists attacks but that was no longer the situation. He said justice has been served in other terrorism cases, including the attempted bombings in Times Square and on a Detroit-bound plane, in regular courts and prisons across the nation.

"The idea that we would still maintain forever a group of individuals who have not been tried, that is contrary to who we are," he said. "We're now over a decade out. We should be wiser. We should have more experience in how we prosecute terrorists."

About 800 prisoners - some considered enemy combatants - have been held at one time at Guantanamo. Many have been cleared for transfer by the Obama administration but haven't been transferred, in part because some of them have nowhere to go.

"The idea that we would still maintain forever a group of individuals who have not been tried, that is contrary to who we are. We're now over a decade out. We should be wiser. We should have more experience in how we prosecute terrorists."

President Obama

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