BAGHDAD - Iraq carried out its first election since the U.S. military withdrawal without major bloodshed Saturday in an important test for Iraqi security forces as they face a reviving al-Qaida insurgency.
But delayed elections in two provinces wracked by anti-government protests and complaints about missing names on voter rolls overshadowed the vote.
The results will be a key measure of support for the country's vying political coalitions and could boost the victors' chances heading into next year's parliamentary elections. Thousands of candidates from 50 electoral blocs were vying for 378 seats on provincial councils, which hold sway over public works projects and other decisions at the local level.
Officials ratcheted up security to thwart insurgent attempts to disrupt the vote. Nearly all cars were ordered off the roads in major cities, leaving streets eerily empty and giving children a chance to play soccer in the middle of highways.
Scattered violence - mainly mortar shells and small bombs - struck near polling places. But they resulted in no fatalities - a departure from a wave of bloodshed earlier in the week. Six people were reported wounded Saturday.
As in past elections, voters dipped their fingers in purple ink after casting their ballots to prevent repeat voting.
Among them was Oday Mohammed, a businessman who brought his mother, wife and children along with him to vote for a candidate from Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki's State of Law bloc.
Mohammed said he believes both candidates and voters are growing more experienced with the democratic process following the 2003 ouster of dictator Saddam Hussein.
"Not all politicians are corrupt. There are some good people," he said at a polling center in the mainly Shiite district of Kazimiyah.
The vote comes at a time of rising tensions between Iraq's Sunni Arab minority and a Shiite majority that has dominated politics since the U.S.-led invasion a decade ago.
In a reflection of those sectarian strains, many voters said they were encouraged to participate by religious leaders.
"I don't have any hope that the situation will improve, but I had to take part because our clerics asked us to so we don't lose out like in in the past," said Anwar al-Obaidi, a 60-year old Sunni barber in Baghdad.
Muqdad al-Shuraifi, a member of the electoral commission, said after polls closed that a preliminary count showed 51 percent of eligible voters cast ballots. That is the same turnout as during the last provincial elections in 2009.
Full election results were not expected for several days.
Many Iraqis are frustrated with the lack of progress despite several earlier regional and national elections, which were protected with help from the U.S. Several said they saw no point in casting ballots.
"All the politicians and provincial officials, whether Sunni or Shiite, are nothing but thieves and liars," said Ali Farhan, a 35-year-old taxi driver in eastern Baghdad, in explaining his choice not to vote.