Frances Manuel preserved the traditions of Tohono O'odham culture.

Courtesy Tohono O'odham Community Action

Frances Manuel

She was a singer, storyteller, basket weaver and authority on native plants. She preserved the traditions of her Tohono O'odham elders and educated the community about them. Manuel's story is told in the book "Desert Indian Woman."

Carlos Montezuma

A Yavapai, he was captured by another tribe when he was a child, sold to an Italian immigrant and taken to Chicago. He was one of the first Native Americans to graduate with a medical degree. Before he died in 1923, Montezuma spent the last 20 years of his life as a powerful advocate for his people.

Clinton Pattea

Pattea is president of the Fort McDowell Yavapai Nation and was first elected to its tribal council in 1960. He was a leader in introducing Indian gaming to Arizona and in stopping construction of Orme dam, which would have flooded much of the reservation.

Emory Sekaquaptewa

He published the definitive dictionary of the Hopi language and spent his long career at the University of Arizona preserving his native language and culture. He founded and was chief judge for the Hopi Appellate Court. Sekaquaptewa was the first American Indian to attend West Point.

Annie Dodge Wauneka

Wauneka won the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1963 for her work to improve Navajo health and, in particular, to eradicate tuberculosis. She wrote a dictionary to translate English medical terms into Navajo and served for 27 years on the tribal council.

- Selected by University of Arizona American Indian Studies faculty