In 1981, Tucson pastor John Fife and rights activist Jim Corbett began helping migrants from war-torn Central American countries sneak across the border.

Once here, they were given sanctuary in churches. The effort soon ballooned nationwide and was dubbed the Sanctuary Movement.

The movement lasted through the 1980s and led to a seven-month trial in federal court in 1985-1986. The movement was put to rest in 1992 after peace accords were reached.