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Helping the monarch migration

Upgraded Christina-Taylor Green Park now a monarch butterfly 'rest stop'

Christina-Taylor Green’s love of butterflies, evident in her colorful artwork, is now helping to restore a butterfly phenomenon.

The newly-upgraded Christina-Taylor Green Memorial River Park, named for the youngest victim of the Jan. 8, 2011, Tucson mass shooting, is playing a role in reversing the loss of monarch butterflies.

The migration route for the bright orange and black butterflies has been harmed by loss of habitat. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service estimated in 2014 that since 1990, nearly 1 billion monarchs had disappeared.

The numbers have come up a little since 2014, but not enough to assure the monarch butterfly’s migration for generations to come, federal officials say.

Monarch way station

Scientists did not always think that monarchs passed through Arizona in significant numbers, but thanks to tagging programs they now know the monarchs pass through and may end up in Kino Bay, Sonora, in the mountains in central Mexico, and in California.

Citizen scientists have tagged more than 15,000 monarchs in the Southwest since 2003, with most in Arizona, said Gail Morris, coordinator of the Southwest Monarch Study.

The two-way migration of monarchs between Canada, the U.S. and Mexico, where they cluster each winter, has been called magical, spectacular and a “migration phenomenon.” But numerous factors, among them large-scale agriculture, the use of pesticides and insecticides and destruction of their habitat, have contributed to the monarchs’ decline.

Now, a “monarch way station” is part of the public-private Christina-Taylor Green Memorial River Park on the Tucson area’s northwest side, which held its official opening last month with Pima County officials following a year of fundraising by the Green family.

A monarch way station — a strategy developed by scientists and conservationists to support monarch migration and combat the butterflies’ decline — is a rest stop for monarchs to refuel and reproduce as they traverse the Sonoran Desert.

Last fall, the Southwest Monarch Study, along with Tohono Chul Park, planted a monarch way station at the Safeway shopping center where the Jan. 8, 2011, shooting occurred. This spring, larvae were spotted on the milkweeds for the first time.

“We do not have control over weather conditions that may also affect them and some other factors. But by planting milkweed, we give hope that with available host plants, we can help them expand their numbers and multiply,” said Morris, who is also vice president of the Monarch Butterfly Fund.

“If you plant it they will come, and that makes people more aware of the world we can have around us. And that naturally just leads to more interest in butterflies and other pollinators, whether it’s hummingbirds or bees.”

Desert Museum helps

The way stations are designed with plants, primarily milkweed and nectar plants, placed to attract monarch butterflies along their migration route, explained Sergio Avila, a conservation research scientist with the Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum, which donated 110 plants to the Christina-Taylor Green Park.

“The (monarch) caterpillars only feed on milkweed, so that is why having milkweed is key,” Avila said. “Basically, how I explain it to kids, is we are building ice cream and pizza gardens for the caterpillars.”

The monarch way station came about by happenstance. Avila read a newspaper story in 2016 about the Green family’s plans to upgrade the county-owned Cañada del Oro swath of river park named for their daughter, who was a third-grader at Mesa Verde Elementary School when she was killed.

Included in their plans was a butterfly garden as a nod to Christina-Taylor’s love of butterflies. Avila took note. The Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum had already received a $100,000 grant from the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation to help create community monarch butterfly way stations across Arizona.

Avila called the Greens, and they immediately agreed a way station would be a fit.

Christina’s butterflies

About a month before she died, 9-year-old Christina-Taylor drew a picture of a green-and-blue butterfly during a school art class, with stripes, big dark eyes and large, open wings that point to the sky.

Her mother, Roxanna Green, did not see the artwork until after her daughter was killed.

“Butterflies are happy, free and colorful, and she was always fascinated by them,” Roxanna said. “When I see a butterfly, no matter where I am, it’s a sign. I always feel like it’s her coming to visit me.”

The Greens have since incorporated butterflies into their lives as a way of honoring Christina-Taylor, from a necklace her mother wears to a butterfly garden at their home.

In the upgraded park, a large steel replica of the Tucson girl’s butterfly artwork is perched atop a landscape mural on a freestanding wall.

Avila is proud of the park project. Not only will it be enjoyed by future generations, it is helping ensure a future for generations of monarchs and other kinds of butterflies, too.

“The mission of the Desert Museum is to inspire people to live in harmony with the desert,” he said. “This is mission accomplished.”

Contact health reporter Stephanie Innes at 573-4134 or email On Twitter: @stephanieinnes

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