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Learning to prevent falls

Learning to prevent falls

  • Updated

September is Healthy Aging Month, and Falls Prevention Awareness Day is Sept. 22.

In Tucson, the 11th annual observance of Falls Prevention Awareness Day has morphed into a monthlong series of free events to spread the message to adults of all ages, family members and health-care providers on ways to prevent slips, trips and falls that are the leading cause of unintentional injury among older adults.

The good news is that there are practical ways most falls can be prevented.

3 steps to prevent a fall

1. Find a good balance and exercise program

For more than 10 years, the Pima Council on Aging (PCOA) has offered A Matter of Balance, an evidence-based health program, developed at Boston University, for older adults.

A Matter of Balance offers a series of eight two-hour classes held twice a week for four weeks. The classes emphasize practical strategies to reduce the fear of falling.

The series is offered in a variety of locations in Tucson, Green Valley and Oro Valley. The contribution is $20 per person or $30 per couple for the eight classes, a workbook, materials and snacks.

2. Talk to your health-care provider

Ask for an assessment of your risk and share your history of recent falls. A checklist should include these topics:

  • Exercise, because regular activity helps with balance, strength, flexibility and endurance; strong bones because getting checked for osteoporosis is important, as is discussing calcium and vitamin D treatment.
  • Foot care, because pain, a burning sensation and numbness are warming signs; eye-care because changes in vision can cause falls.
  • Changing positions, because getting light-headed when standing up should be mentioned, and changing positions slowly gives the person time to adjust. Also mention all medications, because some medicines can cause poor balance, weakness and dizziness, and taking multiple medications also increases the risk of falling.

When a person signs up for an evidence-based health-promotion program, including A Matter of Balance and EnhanceFitness, the individual will receive a copy of “Talking with Your Doctor,” a workbook with tips about better communication between you and your health-care provider. For details, call Jennie at PCOA Health Promotion at (520) 305-3410 in Tucson.

3. Keep your home safe

Making changes at home will also help reduce fall risks. Here are seven basic elements: lighting, flooring, bathrooms, stairs, furniture, assistive devices (canes, walking sticks and walkers) and clutter. Remove tripping hazards, wear shoes at home, increase lighting, make stairs safe, and install grab bars in key areas.

When a person attends one of eight free falls prevention events this month (see sidebar, 8 free events), the individual will get a copy of “Stay Independent,” an evidence-based checklist to find and fix hazards in your home. Discuss your responses to the checklist with your doctor.

Falling is not inevitable

Did you know that 1 in 4 people 65 years of age and older falls every year?

Falls are the leading cause of fatal and nonfatal injuries for older Americans. Falls are costly — in dollars and in quality of life. However, falling is not an inevitable part of aging.

Through practical lifestyle adjustments, evidence-based programs, and community partnerships, the number of falls among older adults can be reduced substantially.

“Our goal at the Southern Chapter of the Arizona Falls Prevention Coalition is to reduce the incidence of falls and fall injuries among older adults through education, awareness and outreach focused on three essentials fall prevention: physical activity, medication management and environment modification,” said Debra Adams, Sr. VP and Chief Operations Officer at Pima Council on Aging, and co-chair of the local coalition.

The Arizona Falls Prevention Coalition in Phoenix is designed to provide information, advice, helpful hints and tips to help prevent falls and fall injuries by older adults in Arizona. By raising awareness of the issue and by providing advice to older adults, the statewide coalition hopes to lower the occurrence of falls across our state.

Adina Wingate is the director of public relations for the Pima Council on Aging

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